Xianren Cave

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Xianren Cave (仙人洞)
Lushan Mountain Celetial Cave.JPG
Country China
Region Jiangxi Province
District Wannian County

Xianren Cave (Chinese: 仙人洞; pinyin: Xiānrén Dòng; literally: "Immortal's Cave") is a small cave located in Dayuan Village (大源乡) Wannian County, Jiangxi province, China,[1] and a location for historically important finds of prehistoric pottery shards and rice grains. The name refers to the legendary Chinese Xian "immortal; transcendent; fairy". The cave is 7 metres (23 ft) tall,11 metres (36 ft) wide and 14 metres (46 ft) deep.

Poem by Mao Zedong at the Xianren Cave.

In 2012, according to Science, the earliest pottery found anywhere in the world, dating to 20,000 to 19,000 calendar years before the present, was found at this site.[2][3]


  1. ^ "The unusual Xianren Cave (奇特的仙人洞)" (in Chinese). 31 August 2008. Retrieved February 26, 2011. 
  2. ^ Stanglin, Douglas (2012-06-29). "Pottery found in China cave confirmed as world's oldest". USA Today. 
  3. ^ "Early Pottery at 20,000 Years Ago in Xianrendong Cave, China". Science 336 (6089): 1696–1700. June 29, 2012. Bibcode:2012Sci...336.1696W. doi:10.1126/science.1218643. PMID 22745428. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 

Coordinates: 29°33′56″N 115°57′31″E / 29.56556°N 115.95861°E / 29.56556; 115.95861