|Romanized name||Xiǎomĭ Kējì|
|Founded||April 6, 2010Beijing, China,|
|Headquarters||Chaoyang District, Beijing, China|
|Area served||Selected Markets
|Revenue||CN¥33 billion (First Half of 2014)|
|Literal meaning||millet (literally Xiao - "little", mi - "rice")|
Xiaomi Inc. (Chinese: 小米科技; pinyin: Xiǎomĭ Kējì, literally "Xiaomi Tech", or "little rice") is a privately owned Chinese electronics company headquartered in Beijing. It is one of China's biggest electronics companies that designs, develops, and sells smartphones, mobile apps, and consumer electronics. Since the release of its first smartphone in August 2011, Xiaomi has gained market share in mainland China and expanded into developing a wider range of consumer electronics. The company's founder and CEO is Lei Jun, China's 23rd richest man according to Forbes. The company has over 3,000 employees, mainly in mainland China, Malaysia, Singapore, and is expanding to other countries such as India, and Indonesia.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Business Model
- 4 Products
- 5 Criticisms and controversies
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The name Xiaomi means millet (literally Xiao - "little", mi - "rice"). In 2011, its CEO Lei Jun suggested there are more meanings than just the "millet and rice." He linked the "Xiao" part to the Buddhist concept that "a single grain of rice of a Buddhist is as great as a mountain," suggesting Xiaomi wants to work from the little things, instead of starting by striving for perfection, while "mi" is an acronym for Mobile Internet and also Mission Impossible, referring to the obstacles encountered in starting the company. He also stated that he thinks the name is cute. In 2012 President Lin Bin said that the name is about revolution and being able to bring innovation into a new area. Several sources have linked the latter meaning to the Communist Party of China's "millet and rifle" (小米加步枪) revolutionary idiom during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Xiaomi was co-founded by eight partners on June 6, 2010. In the first round of funding, institutional investors included Temasek Holdings, a Singaporean government-owned investment vehicle, the Chinese venture capital funds IDG Capital and Qiming Venture Partners, and mobile processor developer Qualcomm.
The Xiaomi Mi1 smartphone was announced in August 2011. It was shipped with Xiaomi's MIUI firmware which is based on Android and resembles Samsung's TouchWiz and Apple's iOS. The device could also be equipped with stock Android.
In August 2012, Xiaomi announced the Xiaomi Mi2 smartphone. The phone was powered by Qualcomm's Snapdragon S4 Pro APQ8064, a 1.5 GHz quad-core Krait chip featuring with 2GB of RAM and the Adreno 320 GPU. The company said on 24 September 2013 that the company had sold over 10 million Mi2 devices over the preceding 11 months. Mi-2 smartphones were sold by wireless phone vendor Mobicity in the United States, Europe, United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand.
On 5 September 2013, Xiaomi CEO Lei Jun officially announced plans to launch an Android-based 47-inch 3D-capable Smart TV, which will be assembled by Sony TV manufacturer Wistron Corporation of Taiwan. The company explained the choice as to take advantage of Wistron's skill as a supplier of Sony. In September 2013, Xiaomi announced its Mi3 phone, with a version powered by the Snapdragon 800 (MSM8974AB) and another by NVIDIA's Tegra 4 chipset. On 25 September 2013, Xiaomi announced plans to open its first ever retail store in Beijing. By October 2013, Xiaomi was reported as the fifth most-used smartphone brand in China.
In 2014, Xiaomi announced its international expansion outside of China with their first stop in Singapore. The international headquarters will also be set up in the city-state, which will coordinate all activities including future product launches in the region. Xiaomi's Redmi and Mi3 phone made their debuts in Singapore on February 21 and March 7 respectively. On 7 March, Xiaomi Mi3 batches sold out within 2 minutes of the opening day sale in Singapore. Following Singapore, The company has already landed in Malaysia, Philippines and India, and also has plans to enter Indonesia, Thailand, Russia, Turkey, Brazil and Mexico in the following months.
On 17 March 2014, RedMi Note (also known as HongMi Note is some Asian markets) was announced by Xiaomi CEO Lei Jun. The RedMi Note features a 5.5-inch HD display with OGS technology and an octa-core processor from MediaTek. There are two variants of the RedMi Note, one with 1GB of RAM and 8GB of internal storage; and the other with 2GB of RAM and 16GB of internal storage. The phablet was made available for pre-order on 19 March exclusively through a mobile application from Tencent.
In April 2014, Xiaomi purchased a new domain - mi.com for a record $3.6 million. Mi.com becomes the most expensive domain name ever bought in China as confirmed by a senior executive of Xiaomi. Mi.com replaces xiaomi.com as the official website domain of Xiaomi.
By July 2014, it had sold 57.36 million phones.
In selling the Xiaomi smartphone, Xiaomi employs a strategy that is very unlike other smartphone makers such as Samsung and Apple. Lei Jun, Xiaomi CEO, said that the company prices the phone almost at bill-of-material prices. To profit from the narrow margin, Xiaomi sells a model for up to 18 months instead of the short 6 months used by Samsung to profit from the fall in the costs of components that occurs over time. It also profits by selling phone-related accessories in addition to the themes and software.
To further reduce overhead costs, Xiaomi does not own a single physical store and instead sells exclusively from its own online store. It also did away with traditional advertising and relies on social networking services as well as its own customers to help advertise its products.
Xiaomi's flagship mobile handset line is the Xiaomi Mi series, past being the Xiaomi Mi3. It was initially launched in mainland China, followed by Singapore, Malaysia and India on March, May and July 2014 respectively. The Xiaomi Mi3 uses a modified Qualcomm Snapdragon 800 and has been tested as the world's fastest Android smartphone according to benchmark testing apps Antutu, Quadrant and Geekbench.
The smartphone's software is based on MIUI, a closed source Android firmware based on the Android operating system. The latest flagship product of XiaoMi is the recently announced Xiaomi Mi4 at Xiaomi's annual product launch at Beijing on 22 July 2014, featuring a Qualcomm Snapdragon 801, 3GB RAM, 8Megapixel front camera, and a further optimized phone exterior.
The Xiaomi MiPad is the first tablet to be announced by Xiaomi. First announced in the Xiaomi New Product Launch Event 2014, the device is the first device to use the NVIDIA Tegra K1 quad-core 2.3 GHz processor with 2GB RAM and is set to sell in mainland China at the price of RMB1499. It is currently only available to selected beta testers.
MIUI (operating system)
MiWiFi (network router)
In April 23, 2014, Xiaomi announced a network router called the MiWiFi which is currently in beta and is available only to selected beta testers. It is said to have NFC support, a 1TB built-in hard drive and a Broadcom dual-core 1 GHz CPU.
MiTV (Smart TV line)
The MiTV is a line of Smart TVs designed and marketed by Xiaomi. It runs Android and was initially announced in 2013. The latest in the series is a 49-inch Ultra HD Smart TV with a quad-core CPU sold with a soundbar mainly in mainland China at approximately 3999RMB.
MiBox (set-top box)
The Xiaomi MiBox is a smart set- box for televisions. From deals struck with content providers, the set-top box offers films and TV shows with no user account nor subscription required. The box can also access content via its USB port, such as through an external hard disk. Due to content licensing restrictions, it is currently only available in mainland China.
MiCloud (cloud storage service)
MiCloud is a cloud storage and cloud computing service created by Xiaomi. The service allows users to store data such as contacts, messages, photos and notes on remote computer servers for download to multiple devices running MIUI. The service also includes a feature that allows users to track the location of their MIUI device as well as alarm, lock or reset it.
MiTalk (messaging service)
MiPower Bank (external battery)
MiPower Bank is a battery charger with a built-in external battery. The charger is built with an aluminium case, and includes a battery rated at 10400mAh. Through the use of a USB cable, it can be used to charge any device that supports USB charging, including Apple iPhones, iPads, Android smartphones/tablets and more.
Mi Band (fitness monitor & sleep tracker)
The Mi Band was announced in August 2014. The Mi Band will be sold for $13, has a reported 30-day battery life, can act as an alarm clock and tracks your fitness and sleep. The band also has the ability to unlock your phone based on proximity.
Criticisms and controversies
Copying of Apple culture
Perhaps due to the fact that its products closely resemble those of Apple, the marketing strategy of Xiaomi is at times described as riding on the back of the "cult of Apple", It may be true that Xiaomi has die-hard fans in its domestic market, however. After reading a book about Steve Jobs in college, Xiaomi's chairman and CEO, Lei Jun, carefully cultivates a Steve Jobs image, including jeans and dark shirts, and Jobs' style of product announcements. He has been categorized as a counterfeit Jobs. The company's strategy has been categorized as counterfeiting philosophy, mindset and an icon. Despite repeated comparisons to Apple Inc., Xiaomi maintains that it espouses a different set of principles. Xiaomi has no retail stores nor does it partner with third-party distributors. Instead, all Xiaomi products are sold directly via the company's website. Skeptics categorize the products as non-innovative, and that any perception of innovation is good public relations. Others point out that while there are some similarities to Apple, the ability to customize the software based upon user preferences sets Xiaomi apart.
During Mi4 unveiling conferences, the presentation slides were ripping off the Apple iconic "one More Thing..." slides and it is the only English language slide in the whole 95 mins presentation.
State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television issue
In November 2012, Xiaomi's smart set-top box stopped working one week after the launch due to the company having run afoul of China's State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television. The regulatory issues were overcome in January 2013.
In August 2013 Xiaomi announced the hiring of Hugo Barra as vice president of international from Google, where he had served as vice president of product management and product spokesperson for the Android platform and product line. Some controversy surrounded the move, given the timing coincided with news that Google co-founder Sergey Brin was in a relationship with Barra’s ex-girlfriend. Barra later clarified that he had been in talks with Xiaomi for over a year prior to the announcement.
There were reports that these popular devices also silently sent out user details to a remote server. Hugo Barra, VP of Xiaomi, has responded to this allegation and proven the allegation as true with some justification.
Misleading Advertisement of Devices Sold
The Taiwanese Fair Trade Commission had investigated into the flash sales and found that Xiaomi had sold less amount of smartphones than advertised devices. In December, 3 separate flash sales are investigated to be found that the amount of smartphone sold were 10,000 units each for the first two sales, and 8,000 units for the third one. However, FTC had investigated the claims and found out that Xiaomi only sold 9,339 devices in the first flash sale, 9,492 units in the second one, and 7,389 for the third.  found that what happened (during the first flash sale) was that Xiaomi gave 1,750 priority ‘F-codes’ to people who could place their orders without having to go through the flash sale, thus diminishing the stock that was publicly available. The FTC fined Xiaomi NT$600,000 regarding to this slip up. 
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