Xiaotangshan (simplified Chinese: 小汤山; traditional Chinese: 小湯山; pinyin: Xiǎotāngshān) is a small town in the Changping District of Beijing in the People's Republic of China. With a total area of 70.1 square kilometers, Xiaotangshan has rich geothermal resources. It appeared in the news in May 2003 when the government hastily built a 1000-bed field hospital there to deal with an outbreak of SARS.
Xiaotangshan has a long history of geothermal hot spring. The use of hot spring water can be traced back to the Northern and Southern Dynasties of China, dating back over 1,500 years ago. The Xiaotangshan hot springs has records of early emperors using the springs for medical baths. Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty built the Xiaotangshan imperial palace and inscribed "九华兮秀". The hot spring water contains minerals and trace elements such as strontium, lithium, selenium, and other silicic acid mineral elements.
According to exploration geophysics and Corex showed Xiaotangshan geothermal resources are very rich. In Xiaotangshan center, both within thirty kilometers of ground water. Deep geothermal water depth in regions ranging from about 150–1400 meters to Xiaotangshan for the most shallow, less than one hundred meters. Due to the different regions and the depth of water, the water temperature is different, mostly in the 40-50 ℃, the highest in the central area of Xiaotangshan 55-64 ℃.
In 1994, Xiaotangshan town was named the pilot town for the construction of small towns in Beijing. In 1995, it was identified as the national pioneer town of comprehensive reform. In 2002, it was named by the United Nations Development as the small pilot town for sustainable development in China. In 2003 it was named "National Environmentally Beautiful Town" by the National Environmental Protection Administration. In 2004, it was identified as the first batch of national development and Reform pilot town and the Ministry of Construction and other six ministries identified it as one of the 1887 focus town. In 2005, the China Mining Association named Xiaotangshan as "Chinese hot springs town", and the National Steering Committee awarded it as "spiritual civilization advanced the town".
- Xiaotangshan Palace, The Hot Springs and The Xiaotangshan Dragon Venture Hot Springs Plaza.
- Xiaotangshan Modern Agricultural Science Demonstration Park, the largest modern agricultural park in China.
- Qincheng Prison is located near Xiaotangshan.
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