Xichuan County (Chinese: 淅川县; pinyin: Xīchuān Xiàn) is a county of Nanyang, Henan, China.
Xichuan has an area of 2,798 square kilometers and a population of 746,000.Both of the Danjiangkou Reservoir and the Central route of South–North Water Transfer Project's canal head are located in Xichuan.
The state of Chu's first capital Danyang was in Xichuan.
Xichuan has 2 subdistricts, 11 towns, and 4 townships:
- Subdistricts: Longcheng (龙城街道), Shangsheng (商圣街道)
- Towns: Jingziguan (荆紫关镇), Laocheng (老城镇), Xianghua (香花镇), Houpo (厚坡镇), Jiuchong (九重镇), Shengwan (盛湾镇), Jinhe (金河镇), Siwan (寺湾镇), Cangfang (仓房镇), Shangji (上集镇), Madeng (马蹬镇)
- Townships: Xihuang (西簧乡), Maotang (毛堂乡), Dashiqiao (大石桥乡), Taohe (滔河乡)