Xilingol League

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Xilingol League
ᠰᠢᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ
锡林郭勒盟
Leagues
Dinosaur statue in Erenhot
Dinosaur statue in Erenhot
Xilingol (red) in Inner Mongolia (orange) and China
Xilingol (red) in Inner Mongolia (orange) and China
Country People's Republic of China
Region Inner Mongolia
Area
 • Total 211,866 km2 (81,802 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,028,022
 • Density 4.9/km2 (13/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 152500
Area code(s) 0479
Licence plate prefixes 蒙H
Website http://www.xlgl.gov.cn/
Xilingol League
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 锡林郭勒
Traditional Chinese 錫林郭勒
Mongolian name
Mongolian Cyrillic Шилийн Гол аймаг
Mongolian script ᠰᠢᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ

Xilingol or Xilinguole is one of 12 prefecture level divisions of Inner Mongolia. The seat is Xilinhot, while the area is 202,580 km2 (78,220 sq mi). The league's economy is based on mining and agriculture.

Xilingol borders Mongolia to the north, Chifeng, Tongliao and Hinggan League to the east, Ulanqab to the west and Hebei to the south.

Demographics[edit]

In 2000, there were 975,168 inhabitants:

Ethnic group no. of inhabitants share
Han 651,174 66.78%
Mongols 284,995 29.23%
Manchu 26,687 2.74%
Hui 11,009 1.13%
Daur 784 0.08%
Other 519 0.04%

Administrative Subdivisions[edit]

Xilin Gol is divided into two county-level cities, one county and nine banners:

Map
Xilin Gol mcp.png
# Name Mongolian Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Xilinhot City ᠰᠢᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ
(Sili-yin qota)
锡林浩特市 Xīlínhàotè Shì 245,886 15,758 10
2 Erenhot City ᠡᠷᠢᠶᠡᠨ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ
(Eriyen qota)
二连浩特市 Èrliánhàotè Shì 74,197 450 44
3 Duolun County ᠳᠣᠯᠣᠨᠨᠤᠤᠷ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
(Dolonnuur siyan)
多伦县 Duōlún Xiàn 100,893 3,773 27
4 Abag Banner ᠠᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Abaɣ-a qosiɣu)
阿巴嘎旗 Ābāgā Qí 43,574 27,495 1
5 Sonid Left Banner ᠰᠥᠨᠡᠳ ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Söned Jegün qosiɣu)
苏尼特左旗 Sūnítè Zuǒ Qí 33,652 33,469 1
6 Sonid Right Banner ᠰᠥᠨᠡᠳ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Söned Baraɣun qosiɣu)
苏尼特右旗 Sūnítè Yòu Qí 71,063 26,700 3
7 East Ujimqin Banner ᠵᠡᠭᠦᠨ ᠤᠵᠤᠮᠤᠴᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
( Jegün Ujumučin qosiɣu)
东乌珠穆沁旗 Dōng Wūzhūmùqìn Qí 93,962 47,554 1
8 West Ujimqin Banner ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤᠵᠤᠮᠤᠴᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Baraɣun Ujumučin qosiɣu)
西乌珠穆沁旗 Xī Wūzhūmùqìn Qí 87,614 22,960 3
9 Taibus Banner ᠲᠠᠶᠢᠫᠤᠰᠧ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Tayipusė qosiɣu)
太仆寺旗 Tàipúsì Qí 112,339 3,415 59
10 Bordered Yellow Banner ᠬᠥᠪᠡᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠰᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Köbegetü Sir-a qosiɣu)
镶黄旗 Xiānghuáng Qí 28,450 4,960 6
11 Plain and Bordered White Banner ᠰᠢᠯᠤᠭᠤᠨ ᠬᠥᠪᠡᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Siluɣun Köbegetü Čaɣan qosiɣu)
正镶白旗 Zhèngxiāngbái Qí 54,443 6,083 12
12 Plain Blue Banner ᠰᠢᠯᠤᠭᠤᠨ ᠬᠥᠬᠡ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Siluɣun Köke qosiɣu)
正蓝旗 Zhènglán Qí 81,967 9,963 8

Demonstrations in 2011[edit]

After the alleged murder of a Mongolian herder, Mergen, by a Chinese truck driver who was blocking the way for Chinese coal trucks to pass through his pasture on May 10, 2011. Protests with some thousand protestors have broken out in Xilin gol.[1] To prevent the spreading of protests, the Chinese government sealed off the Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities in Tongliao and the Nationalities University in Hohhot, the only two universities where lessons are predominantly taught in Mongolian. In addition, it enforced tight control on the internet and shut down QQ chatrooms.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ben Blanchard and Sui-Lee Wee (Reuters), Friday, May 27, 2011: Parts of Inner Mongolia 'under martial law' as protests spread. E.g. at [1][dead link].
  2. ^ http://www.smhric.org/news_383.htm

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°56′41″N 115°22′44″E / 44.9447°N 115.379°E / 44.9447; 115.379