New History of the Five Dynasties

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Xin Wudai Shi)
Jump to: navigation, search
新五代史 (Xīn Wǔdài Shǐ)
Author Ouyang Xiu
Original title 五代史記 (Wǔdài Shǐjì)
Translator Richard L. Davis (2004)
Country China (Song Dynasty)
Language Classical Chinese
Genre Chinese historiography
Publication date
1073[1]
Original text
五代史記 (Wǔdài Shǐjì) at Chinese Wikisource

The Historical Records of the Five Dynasties (五代史記, Wudai Shiji) is a Chinese historiography book on the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (roughly 907–960) of ancient China, written by the Song Dynasty official Ouyang Xiu (1007–1072) in private. It was drafted during Ouyang's exile from 1036 to 1039 but not published until after his death.[2]

One of the official Twenty-Four Histories of China, the book is frequently referred to as the New History of the Five Dynasties (新五代史; Xin Wudai Shi) in order to distinguish it from the Old History of the Five Dynasties which was published in 974.[3]

Contents[edit]

New History of the Five Dynasties covers the Later Liang, Later Tang, Later Jin, Later Han, and Later Zhou dynasties. The book consists of 74 chapters total. It includes biographies, annuals, case studies, family histories, genealogies, and coverage about Chinese tribes. The layout of the work was inspired by the style of Li Yanshou and it pulls content from Xue Juzheng's work. It has been described as being more important than the work that Xue Juzheng created and upon its discovery "Xue Juzheng’s earlier history was largely forgotten and nearly lost to the world."[3]

  • Chapters 1-3: Basic Annals of Liang (梁本紀)
  • Chapters 4-7: Basic Annals of Tang (唐本紀)
  • Chapters 8-9: Basic Annals of Jin (晉本紀)
  • Chapter 10: Basic Annals of Han (漢本紀)
  • Chapters 11-12: Basic Annals of Zhou (周本紀)
  • Chapter 13: Biographies of the Royal Families: Liang (梁家人傳)
  • Chapter 14: Biographies of the Royal Families: Taizu of Tang (唐太祖家人傳)
  • Chapter 15: Biographies of the Royal Families: Mingzong of Tang (唐明宗家人傳)
  • Chapter 16: Biographies of the Royal Families: Emperor Fei of Tang (唐廢帝家人傳)
  • Chapter 17: Biographies of the Royal Families: Jin (晉家人傳)
  • Chapter 18: Biographies of the Royal Families: Han (漢家人傳)
  • Chapter 19: Biographies of the Royal Families: Taizu of Zhou (周太祖家人傳)
  • Chapter 20: Biographies of the Royal Families: Shizong of Zhou (周世宗家人傳)
  • Chapters 21-23: Biographies of Liang Subjects (梁臣傳)
  • Chapters 24-28: Biographies of Tang Subjects (唐臣傳)
  • Chapter 29: Biographies of Jin Subjects (晉臣傳)
  • Chapter 30: Biographies of Han Subjects (漢臣傳)
  • Chapter 31: Biographies of Zhou Subjects (周臣傳)
  • Chapter 32: Biographies of Martyrs to Virtue (死節傳)
  • Chapter 33: Biographies of Martyrs in Service (死事傳)
  • Chapter 34: Biographies of Consistent Conduct (一行傳)
  • Chapter 35: Biographies of Six Courtiers of Tang (唐六臣傳)
  • Chapter 36: Biographies of Righteous Sons (義兒傳)
  • Chapter 37: Biographies of Court Musicians and Actors (伶官傳)
  • Chapter 38: Biographies of Eunuchs (宦者傳)
  • Chapters 39-57: Miscellaneous Biographies (雜傳)
  • Chapters 58-59: Treatise on Astronomy (司天考)
  • Chapter 60: Treatise on Administrative Geography (職方考)
  • Chapter 61: Hereditary House of Wu (吳世家)
  • Chapter 62: Hereditary House of Southern Tang (南唐世家)
  • Chapter 63: Hereditary House of Former Shu (前蜀世家)
  • Chapter 64: Hereditary House of Later Shu (後蜀世家)
  • Chapter 65: Hereditary House of Southern Han (南漢世家)
  • Chapter 66: Hereditary House of Chu (楚世家)
  • Chapter 67: Hereditary House of Wuyue (吳越世家)
  • Chapter 68: Hereditary House of Min (閩世家)
  • Chapter 69: Hereditary House of Nanping (南平世家)
  • Chapter 70: Hereditary House of Eastern Han (東漢世家)
  • Chapter 71: Timeline for the Hereditary Houses of the Ten Kingdoms (十國世家年譜)
  • Chapters 72-74: Appendixes on the Four Barbarians (四夷附錄)

The book has been partially translated into English:

  • Ouyang Xiu (2004) [1077]. Historical Records of the Five Dynasties. (transl. Richard L. Davis). New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12826-6. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tonami, p. 63.
  2. ^ Davis, p. xlvii.
  3. ^ a b "History of the Five Dynasties". World Digital Library. 1280–1368. Retrieved 2013-09-04. 

Sources[edit]

  • Davis, Richard L. (2004). "Introduction". In Ouyang Xiu. Historical Records of the Five Dynasties. New York: Columbia University Press. pp. xliii–lxxiv. ISBN 0-231-12826-6. 
  • Tonami Mamoru (transl. B. Albertat) (1978). "Wu-tai shih-chi". In Hervouet, Yves. A Sung Bibliography. Hong Kong: Chinese University Press. p. 63. ISBN 9-622-01158-6.