Xinhua District, Tainan
|Xinhua District, Tainan|
Xinhua District (Chinese: 新化區; Hanyu Pinyin: Xīnhuà Qū; Tongyong Pinyin: Sinhuà Cyu; Wade–Giles: Hsin1-hua4 Ch'ü1) or Sinhua District is a suburban district in central Tainan, Taiwan. In the past, the Siraya indigenous tribe called this place Tavocan (Chinese: 大目降; pinyin: Dàmùjiàng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tāi-ba̍k-kàng; literally: "the land of hill and forest").
Tavakan was a village of about a thousand people; the name was also written Taffacan, Tavocan, Tavacang, and Davocan in Dutch records. The village grew into the market-town of Twa-bak-kang, about 2 miles (3.2 km) southeast of Sin-kang (modern-day Xinshi).
After 1627, the VOC sent missionaries into neighboring districts. In 1635, George Candidius, a Dutch pastor, advised Pieter Nuyts, the leader of the Dutch VOC in Taiwan, that the VOC would have to conquer the aborigines before they could be controlled. In 1636, eighteen tribal groups, including the inhabitants of Tavocan, submitted to Dutch rule.
Since the early part of the 20th century, Xinhua has been an important fruit wholesaling center. Around 1920, dozens of baroque-influenced store buildings were constructed along what is now Jhongjheng Road. Most of these buildings survive in good condition, and the street, known as "Xinhua Old Street," has become a tourist attraction.
The Taiwan High Speed Rail track passes through the western part of the township; no station is planned, however.
The eastern half of the township lies within the Siraya National Scenic Area.
Much of the township is rural, with large areas devoted to pineapple cultivation. Xinhua is located on Taiwan Highway No. 20, also known as the Southern Cross-Island Highway, and Freeway Nos. 3 and 8. It borders Yongkang City, Shanshang, Xinshi and Guanmiao townships.
Senior High Schools
Junior High Schools
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