Xinxiang's location in Henan province
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Party Chief||Wu Tianjun (吴天君)|
|• Mayor||Li Qinggui (李庆贵)|
|• Prefecture-level city||8,629 km2 (3,332 sq mi)|
|• Urban||346 km2 (134 sq mi)|
|• Metro||231 km2 (89 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||5,707,801|
|• Density||660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|GDP||¥63.34 billion (2006)|
|License plate prefixes||豫G|
Xinxiang (simplified Chinese: 新乡; traditional Chinese: 新鄉; pinyin: Xīnxiāng; Postal map spelling: Sinsiang) is a prefecture-level city in northern Henan province, People's Republic of China. It borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to its southwest, Kaifeng to its southeast, Hebi and Anyang to its north, Jiaozuo to its west, and the provinces of Shanxi and Shandong to its northwest and east respectively.
Its population is 5,707,801 at the 2010 census of whom 902,731 are in the built-up area made of 3 out of 4 urban districts (Weibin, Hongqi and Muye). As the city is expanding very quickly, in a few years, Huixian and Weihui cities as well as Fengquan district and Xinxiang county will be added to the built-up area.
- Weibin District (卫滨区)
- Hongqi District (红旗区)
- Muye District (牧野区)
- Fengquan District (凤泉区)
- Huixian City (辉县市)
- Weihui City (卫辉市)
- Xinxiang County (新乡县)
- Huojia County (获嘉县)
- Yuanyang County (原阳县)
- Yanjin County (延津县)
- Fengqiu County (封丘县)
- Changyuan County (长垣县)
Xinxiang was site of the Battle of Muye where the Shang Dynasty was overthrown by the Zhou. Xinxiang dates from the Sui dynasty (581-618) and was a small market center before being developed as an industrial center in the 1950s. It also served as the capital of the short-lived Pingyuan province, which covers neighbouring cities Anyang, Hebi, Puyang, Jiaozhuo and Heze, between 1949 and 1952, for the purpose of exterminating bandits.
Agriculture and industry
Textiles and processed food are major manufactures.It has a large number of heavy industry in machine making.As an old textiles basement the cotton industry is very developed in Xinxiang.
There are several important enterprises located in Xinxiang, such as Frestech Refrigerator, Golden Dragon Copper Group, Bailu Chemical Fibre, Henan Kelong Group，AVIC XINHANG Industry Corporation...etc.
The city is a rail junction and industrial centre at the head of navigation on the Wei River (卫河). The river, made navigable for small vessels by river improvements in the 1950s, links the city with Tianjin, the main port for Beijing. Later, due to heavy industrial chemical pollution, the river course had been totally cut off and got filled up. After recent dredges, it is still no more than a man-made lake.
Xinxiang is the headquarters of the 54th Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Jinan Military Region responsible for defence of the Yellow River Plain.
There are several universities and colleges located in the prefecture level city.
- Henan Normal University
- Xinxiang University: newly combined university located in the eastern part of Xinxiang, it has 21 faculties and 3 centers
- Henan Institute of Science and Technology
- Xinxiang Medical University
- Henan Mechanical and Electrical Engineering College
- Xinxiang Hygiene School
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Xinxiang.|
- Government website of Xinxiang (simplified Chinese)
- Window on Xinxiang (Chinese) (English)
- Xinxiang University (simplified Chinese)