Xinxiang

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For other uses, see Xinxiang County.
Xinxiang
新乡市
Prefecture-level city
Xinxiang's location in Henan province
Xinxiang's location in Henan province
Xinxiang is located in China
Xinxiang
Xinxiang
Location in China
Coordinates: 35°18′N 113°52′E / 35.300°N 113.867°E / 35.300; 113.867Coordinates: 35°18′N 113°52′E / 35.300°N 113.867°E / 35.300; 113.867
Country People's Republic of China
Province Henan
Government
 • Party Chief Wu Tianjun (吴天君)
 • Mayor Li Qinggui (李庆贵)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 8,629 km2 (3,332 sq mi)
 • Urban 346 km2 (134 sq mi)
 • Metro 231 km2 (89 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 5,707,801
 • Density 660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,047,020
 • Urban density 3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)
 • Metro 902,731
 • Metro density 3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 0373
GDP ¥63.34 billion (2006)
Major Nationalities Han
County-level divisions 12
License plate prefixes G
Website www.xinxiang.gov.cn

Xinxiang (simplified Chinese: 新乡; traditional Chinese: 新鄉; pinyin: Xīnxiāng; Postal map spelling: Sinsiang) is a prefecture-level city in northern Henan province, People's Republic of China. It borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to its southwest, Kaifeng to its southeast, Hebi and Anyang to its north, Jiaozuo to its west, and the provinces of Shanxi and Shandong to its northwest and east respectively.

Its population is 5,707,801 at the 2010 census of whom 902,731 are in the built-up area made of 3 out of 4 urban districts (Weibin, Hongqi and Muye).[1] As the city is expanding very quickly, in a few years, Huixian and Weihui cities as well as Fengquan district and Xinxiang county will be added to the built-up area.

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city administers 4 districts, 2 county-level cities and 6 counties.

History[edit]

Xinxiang was site of the Battle of Muye where the Shang Dynasty was overthrown by the Zhou. Xinxiang dates from the Sui dynasty (581-618) and was a small market center before being developed as an industrial center in the 1950s. It also served as the capital of the short-lived Pingyuan province, which covers neighbouring cities Anyang,Hebi,Puyang,Jiaozhuo and Heze, between 1949 and 1952, for the purpose of exterminating banditi.

Agriculture and industry[edit]

Textiles and processed food are major manufactures.It has a large number of heavy industry in machine making.As an old textiles basement the cotton industry is very developed in Xinxiang.

Economy[edit]

There are several important enterprises located in Xinxiang, such as Frestech Refrigerator, Golden Dragon Copper Group, Bailu Chemical Fibre, Henan Kelong Group,AVIC XINHANG Industry Corporation etc.

Transport[edit]

The city is a rail junction and industrial center at the head of navigation on the Wei River (卫河). The river, made navigable for small vessels by river improvements in the 1950s, links the city with Tianjin, the main port for Beijing. Later, due to heavy industrial chemical pollution, the river course had been totally cut off and got filled up. After recent dredges, it is still no more than a man-made lake.

Rail[edit]

Xinxiang is located at the junction of the Beijing-Guangzhou, Xinxiang-Yueshan and the Xinxiang-Yanzhou Railways.

Military[edit]

Xinxiang is headquarters of the 54th Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Jinan Military Region responsible for defense of the Yellow River Plain.

Education[edit]

There are several universities and colleges located in the prefecture level city.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]