Xinzhuang Line (Taipei Metro)

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Xinzhuang Line
新莊線
Taipei Metro Logo(Logo Only).svg
Platform of Orange Line in Minquan West Road Station.JPG
Overview
Type Rapid transit
Locale Taipei and New Taipei, Taiwan
Termini Huilong
Guting
Stations 16
Operation
Opening November 3, 2010
Operator(s) Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation
Character Underground
Depot(s) Xinzhuang Depot
(Under Construction)
Rolling stock Kawasaki C371
3 cars per set, 2 sets per train
Technical
Line length 19.7 km (12.2 mi)
No. of tracks 2
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification Third rail (750 volts DC)
Operating speed 80 km/h
Xinzhuang Line (Taipei Metro)
Traditional Chinese 新莊線
Simplified Chinese 新庄线

The Taipei Metro Xinzhuang Line is a high-capacity underground extension of the Zhonghe Line in Taiwan. The Xinzhuang Line is the first Taipei Metro line to cross under the Tamsui River and is open for commercial service.

The section between Zhongxiao Xinsheng and Daqiaotou opened on November 3, 2010, along with the opening of the Luzhou Branch Line,[1] and the Daqiaotou to Fu Jen University section opened on January 5, 2012.[2] The section between Guting and Zhongxiao Xinsheng opened on September 30, 2012,[3] after which the remaining extension to Huilong opened on June 29, 2013.[4]

As of July 3, 2013, the Xinzhuang Depot was still under construction and expected to be finished on January 2018, completing the Xinzhuang Line.[5]

Overview[edit]

The line runs from Guting in Da'an of Taipei, through transfer stations on the Nangang and Tamsui lines, beneath the Tamsui River, through Sanchong, and terminates in Xinzhuang in New Taipei. The 19.7 km (12.2 mi) line has 16 underground stations and one maintenance depot.[6] The section in Taipei is 7.3 km (7 stations), while the section in New Taipei totals 12.4 km (9 stations).[6][7] The entire line will be equipped with platform screen doors. Estimates were for travel time between Huilong to Taipei Main Station to be reduced to 32 minutes after the line opened.

On January 15, 2011, Dongmen Station was still under construction while the track for the section from Zhongxiao Xinsheng to Guting (which passes through Dongmen Station) had already been laid.[8] At the time, Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation Vice Bureau Chief Chang Pei-yi noted that there was a possibility of opening the line for service while skipping both Dongmen and Guting stations, thus allowing for through service on the Orange Line.[8] However, this did not occur. The section opened for service on September 30, 2012 along with Dongmen Station.

On December 18, 2011, the 8.2 km (5.1 mi) Daqiaotou to Fu Jen University section passed final inspections by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications.[9] It opened for service on January 5, 2012.[2] On its first full day of service, the line served 82,000 passengers.[10] The line is expected to serve 100,000 passengers daily.

Construction[edit]

The line passes underneath Taiwan Railway and Taiwan High Speed Rail tunnels between Songjiang Nanjing and Zhongxiao Xinsheng. Construction involved the excavation and removal of a multi-retaining wall.[11] The two transfer stations at Minquan West Road and Zhongxiao Xinsheng were built as extensions beneath the present operational stations.[6] The clearing of the shield tunneling section beneath the Tamsui River was successfully achieved on November 6, 2007.

Construction included a turnout and cut-and-cover tunnels beneath Daqiao Elementary School. However, since evacuation of these two segments reached 40 and 34 meters, respectively, high water pressure could affect construction safety. Thus, a ground-freezing method was employed to ensure construction safety.[12]

The Xinzhuang is the first line in Taiwan to adopt Floating Slab Track (FST) construction techniques to decrease noise and vibration when a train passes.[13] It can decrease natural vibration frequency below 18 Hz and lower maximum noise volume to less than 35 decibels.[14] On the Xinzhuang/Luzhou Lines, there are 18 sections totaling 4.476 km of track that utilize FST construction techniques.[15]

Construction inspection for the line began in April 2011 for the section from Huilong to Taipei Bridge, as well as at Dongmen.[16] The inspection included civil engineering, tracks, machinery, power/electricity, and station facilities.

Losheng Sanatorium[edit]

Protestors calling for the demolition of the Losheng Sanatoriumm, March 2007

Originally projected for completion at the end of 2009, construction of the line was delayed due to controversy surrounding the Losheng Sanatorium. The original plan for construction of the line and a train maintenance depot at the site obliged residents of the sanatorium to move and adjust to new habitats. A July 2008 bill passed by Taiwan's Legislative Yuan awarded NT$720 million to the sanatorium patients as compensation for adjustment difficulties, while construction plans were revised to preserve 90% of the compound and reserve 40 of the 55 buildings at the site for patients.

By December 2008, the maintenance depot's opening date was pushed back to August 15, 2012. As of July 2013, the Xinzhuang Depot is expected to be finished in January 2018.[5][17]

Stations[edit]

Code Station Name Transfer Location
English Chinese
O59 Huilong 迴龍/樂生 Wanda-Zhonghe-Shulin Line (TBD) Guishan
Xinzhuang
Taoyuan County
New Taipei
O60 Danfeng 丹鳳 Taishan
Xinzhuang
New Taipei
O1 Fu Jen University 輔大 Xinzhuang
O2 Xinzhuang
(Xinzhuang Temple Street)
新莊
(新莊廟街)
O3 Touqianzhuang
(Taipei Hospital)
頭前庄
(臺北醫院)
Circular Line (TBD)
O4 Xianse Temple 先嗇宮 Sanchong
O5 Sanchong 三重 Airport MRT (2015)
O6 Cailiao
(New Taipei City Hospital)
菜寮
(新北巿立醫院)
O7 Taipei Bridge 台北橋
O8 Daqiaotou
(Daqiao Elementary School)
大橋頭
(大橋國小)
Luzhou Line Datong Taipei
O9 Minquan West Road 民權西路 Tamsui Line Datong
Zhongshan
O10 Zhongshan Elementary School
(Qingguang Commercial Zone)
中山國小
(晴光商圈)
Zhongshan
O11 Xingtian Temple 行天宮
O12 Songjiang Nanjing 松江南京 Songshan Line
O13 Zhongxiao Xinsheng
(National Taipei University of Technology)
忠孝新生
(台北科大)
Bannan Line Zhongzheng
Da'an
O14 Dongmen 東門 Xinyi Line
O15 Guting 古亭 Xindian Line
→ Continues through Zhonghe Line

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MRT Luzhou line to open Nov. 3". Taipei Times. 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  2. ^ a b "MRT Xinzhuang line begins commercial service". Focus Taiwan News Channel. 2012-01-05. Retrieved 2012-01-05. 
  3. ^ "Dongmen MRT Station to finally open doors to public". Taipei Times. 2012-09-30. Retrieved 2013-11-19. 
  4. ^ "Xinzhuang Line's Final Section Opens - Bringing Smoother Traffic Flow and Easy Travel". Department of Rapid Transit Systems, Taipei City Government. 2013-07-03. Retrieved 2013-11-19. 
  5. ^ a b "Network: Second Stage". Department of Rapid Transit Systems, Taipei City Government. 2013-07-03. Retrieved 2013-11-19. 
  6. ^ a b c "捷運系統新莊線簡介". Department of Rapid Transit Systems, Taipei City Government. 2008-03-01. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  7. ^ "Network: Second Stage". Department of Rapid Transit Systems, TCG. 2010-03-12. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  8. ^ a b "捷運趕通車 蘆洲線擬跳東門接古亭". The Liberty Times. 2011-01-15. Retrieved 2011-01-22. 
  9. ^ "MRT Xinzhuang line passes final inspection despite minor flaws". Taiwan News. 2011-12-18. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  10. ^ "新莊線通車首日旅運8.2萬人次 整體營運順利". 中國廣播公司. 2012-01-06. Retrieved 2012-01-07. 
  11. ^ "工程線上 Status Report: 施工技術大挑戰 新莊線潛盾隧道穿越臺鐵高鐵下方多重擋土壁". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2006-07-01. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  12. ^ "臺北捷運新莊線道岔段 冷凍工法簡介". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2005-11-01. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  13. ^ "工程線上 Status Report: 新莊蘆洲線穿越淡水河段潛盾隧道貫通". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  14. ^ "新莊蘆洲線浮動式道床". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2009-01-01. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  15. ^ "蘆洲線浮動式道床簡介". Central District Project Office, DORTS. 2010-04-13. Retrieved 2010-07-24. 
  16. ^ "Xinzhuang Line Construction Inspection Launched". Department of Rapid Transit Systems. 2011-07-01. Retrieved 2011-07-22. 
  17. ^ "Losheng Sanatorium controversy in last throes". Taiwan News. 2008-12-04. Retrieved 2010-06-30.