|Native to||South Africa, Namibia|
|Region||Cape of Good Hope|
|Ethnicity||(see Griqua people)|
Xiri or Xirikwa, in Afrikaans orthography Gri or Griqua (Griekwa); ethnonym Xirigowap, also known as "Cape Hottentot", is a Khoe language of South Africa. It is related to Nama. Reports as to the number of speakers are mixed, but it is clear that Xiri is a nearly extinct. A 2009 report by Don Killian of the University of Helsinki estimated that there were less than 30 speakers at the time. Alena Witzlack-Makarevich at the University of Leipzig refers to Xiri in 2006 as "a now extinct language closely related to Nama".. The discrepancy could be due to the fact that the language has multiple dialects and goes by at least eight different names, with scholars seeming to disagree on whether these dialects constitute a single language. Xiri is listed as "critically endangered" in UNESCO's Language Atlas.
Despite the identity of their names, the Xirigowap are not the same as the mixed Griqua people.
The Griqua people, along with the Xiri language, first began to attract widespread scholarly attention in the 1660s, coinciding with both the Dutch colonial efforts in the Cape of Good Hope and the resulting armed conflicts. At the time, Xiri was a widely spoken language throughout the coastal regions of South Africa. After years of attrition suffered from the Dutch Colonial Era through the 1930s, and apartheid from 1948 to 1994, it has all but vanished. Currently, speakers of Xiri are not only scarce but scattered due to forced migrations during the apartheid era. This has rendered the language particularly vulnerable..
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- UNESCO UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger
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