Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, Beijing

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Xizhimen Church)
Jump to: navigation, search
Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, Beijing
天主教北京總教區西直門聖母聖衣堂(西堂).jpg
The Church after it restoration
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese 西堂
Literal meaning The West Church
West Church before it restoration
Altar of westen beijing church.jpg

The Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel (圣母圣衣堂), more often colloquially referred to as Xizhimen Church (西直门天主堂), is a Roman Catholic Church located on the southern side at n.130 of Xizhimen Neidajie in Beijing. It is commonly referred to as Xitang (西堂, the West Church) to the locals.

The church at Xizhimen was the last among the four historic Catholic churches in Beijing. The West Church was first built in the first year of Emperor Yongzheng (1723) by the Italian Lazarist missionary Teodorico Pedrini: it was the first non-Jesuit church in Beijing.

After Pedrini's death the church was run by Carmelites and then Augustinians, who were there when it was destroyed in 1811. The church was rebuilt in 1867. After a second destruction in 1900 during the Boxer Rebellion, it was built again in 1912 as we can see it today.

Delicate Collins pillars and Gothic peaked arches inside the church create a grand, elegant and solemn impression upon visitors.[1]

There is red graffiti written on the church from the time of the Cultural Revolution, which the church deliberately retained.

There is a Mass in French, every Sunday at 11 o'clock.[2]

How to get there: take Beijing metro line 4 : Xinjiekou station exit D, walk west , church is in sight.

Stone Inscription[edit]

  改建聖母聖衣堂碑記
 竊維聖教永存蒼生洪濟數千年軼
 廢軼興誠大主之仁慈靈佑在焉遣
 使會司鐸德理格於一千七百二十
 三年獨輸巨資購置斯基恭建
聖母七苦堂一座一千八百一十一年
 適清嘉慶間聖教蒙難全堂被毀迨
 至一千八百六十七年主教孟慕理
 重為構築宏工鉅製規模一新詎意
 一千九百年六月十五日遭拳匪之
 禍本堂金司鐸遇害臺宇院落一炬
 無遺一千九百十二年仁愛會脩女
 博郎西耶氏復捐資新剏更易今名
 落成之日北京林主教飭勒石以誌
 顛末云爾
 西曆一千九百十三年二月 勒石


D. O. M.
TEODORICUS PEDRINI. PRESB. CONGR. MISS., INFAN-
TIUM IMPERATORIS KANGHSI PRÆCEPTOR, AN. DOM. 1723
HUNC FUNDUM PROPRIO ÆRE EMIT, IN EOQUE ECCLESIAM
SUB AUSPICIIS SEPTEM DOLORUM B.M.V. DEO DEDICAVIT,
QUÆ TEMPORE PERSECUTIONIS KIATSING (1811) FUNDI-
TUS EST DESTRUCTA.
POSTEA A.D. 1867, ILL. DD. MOULY, C.M., HIC NOVUM SA-
CRUM ÆDIFICAVIT. QUOD DIE 15 JUNII 1900 BOXORES
FLAMMIS TRADIDERUNT, DUM PAROCHUM ECCLESIÆ
MAURITIUM DORE, C.M. SACERDOTEM CRUDELITER
TRUCIDANT.
TANDEM, ANNO DOMINI 1912 LARGITATE BENEMERITÆ
ROSALIÆ BRANSSIER, SOCIETATIS PUELLARUM CA-
RITATIS, TERTIA HÆC ECCLESIA SUB TITULO B.M. DE
MONTE CARMELO ÆDIFICATA EST.
IN QUORUM MEMORIAM ILL. DD. JARLIN, C.M., VIC. AP.
PEKINESIS, HUNC LAPIDEM EREXIT.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ (French) CHINE (86) - Aumônerie Générale des Français à l’Étranger some mass in China (french, chinese, english) from the french-speaking almoneries

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 39°56′19″N 116°21′35″E / 39.93861°N 116.35972°E / 39.93861; 116.35972