For the defunct British auto maker see:Xtra (automobile)
Xtracycle is the name of a company and the name commonly used for the variety of load-carrying bicycle, a longtail or a longbike, that results from use of the company's products: the FreeRadical kit, complete long-frame bicycles and associated accessories. Web forums and blogs often use the shorthand Xtrabike, Xtra, or simply X to refer to either the FreeRadical extension or the entire extended bicycle. An Xtracycle may be constructed by modifying an existing bicycle with a Free Radical extension, or by custom-building an extended-tail bicycle frame. Xtracycles are promoted as a way to achieve a bicycle-centric transportation lifestyle.
Differences from other load-carrying bicycles
While the Xtracycle is based on a standard hardtail diamond frame with 26-inch or 622 mm (700c) wheels, the Xtracycle differs from other load-carrying bicycles in that it does not employ a handlebar basket, panniers, or a bicycle trailer. Baskets are easy to attach and allow stowing of cargo in plain view. Panniers are often watertight or water resistant, and can be easily removed from their racks and carried as luggage. While trailers come in many designs and allow a bicycle to pull a significant amount of cargo, an Xtracycle allows for more stowage of large containers directly on the extended frame of the bicycle itself. Xtracycles are also called "sport utility bicycles" for their ability to carry larger loads than a normal bicycles having baskets or panniers, while also maintaining the "sporty" maneuverability of conventional "short" bikes.
History and spin-offs
The FreeRadical was conceived by Ross Evans at Stanford University and developed during his work in the mid-1990s managing a "Bikes Not Bombs" project in Nicaragua, where having a bicycle enhances a person's employment opportunities. In 1998 Evans and his friend Kipchoge Spencer created Xtracycle Inc to manufacture and market the invention, as well as a nonprofit organization, Worldbike, devoted to encourage a bicycle-centric lifestyle and culture.
Despite the fact that the FreeRadical qualifies as an aftermarket bike accessory, its growing acceptance has sparked an Xtracycle aftermarket not formally connected with Xtracycle Inc: varieties of specialized kickstands, electric-assist motors, and even bike-mounted blenders have come to market, even though each requires the prior purchase of a FreeRadical or other Xtracycle-compatible frame to function properly.
Xtracycle Inc has worked with various bicycle manufacturers to build purpose-built extended bicycles compatible with their accessories. The first to actually produce and market an integrated Xtracycle frameset, known as the Big Dummy, was Surly Bikes, presently distributed by QBP and available in bicycle retail outlets. XInc continues to form similar covenants with manufacturers in all price ranges, with the goal of making the Xtracycle less of a niche product and more mainstream. XInc is also working on FreeRadical attachments sized for children's and youths' bicycles on the theory of "catch 'em young and train 'em right."
Other applications for the FreeRadical have included linking two Xtracycles to support a mobile stage for use in parades and street fairs, and a computerized chalkpowder-printer device to be mounted on an Xtracycle that leaves a dot-matrix trail of messages on the street.
In 2008, Xtracycle put their longtail bike frame specifications online. as part of their project to open source their longtail frame design. They’ve created a Longtail Standard and logoing to allow vendors to design their products to fit in the Xtracycle FreeRadical ecosystem. The "Longtail Technology" logo can be used on bikes, accessories or packaging. The open sourcing of the patented technology was meant to stimulate the cargo bike movement, while developing a standard for "longtail" frames and accessories. Several frame and accessory makers have adopted the standards, while others have developed competing and incompatible long-frame cargo bike designs. However, the documents are no longer freely available, and now require an agreement with Xtracycle first.
The FreeRadical is an extender for a bicycle.
In 2009 the Radish was launched by Xtracycle. It is a production long-tail bicycle with a low-standover height frame and matching FreeRadical.
In 2013 the EdgeRunner is a second generation cargo bicycle with a 20" rear wheel.
In 2013 the CargoJoe is a folding cargo bike developed in a partnership between Xtracycle and Tern.
- "Xtracycle Inc Glossary: Xtracycle". Retrieved 2010-01-03. "Xtracycle - Longtail sport utility cargo bicycle company founded by Ross Evans. Original inventors of the convertible cargo bicycle attachment, FreeRadical."
- "Xtracycle Inc Glossary: Xtracycle". Retrieved 2010-01-03. "Xtracycle - Adopted name of a longtail cargo bike after a successful donor bike conversion."
- Charlie Sorrel (2008-07-22). "Xtracycle Converts Your Bike Into a Pack Horse". Wired. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Robert Capps (05.16.12). "How to Bike With Your Kids". Wired. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Retherford, Brittany. One step at a time: Duo's film, innovations geared to a healthier world. The Union, (2006-01-12).
- Matt McKinny (March 15, 2008). "Smart money's on the Big Dummy". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
- Kinberg, Joshua. Bikes Against Bush "Maiden Voyage" Video, (2004-08-01).
- Richard Masoner (2008-08-01). "Xtracycle source specs now online". Commute by Bike. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- "Longtail Tech". Xtracycle. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Official site
- links to cargo-carrying bikes
- WorldBike nonprofit organization that promotes bicycle-centric lifestyle
- The Ginger Ninjas band led by Kipchoge Spencer
- Bike Hugger Bettie, a Sport Utility Bike project using the Xtracycle
- Surly's page describing the Big Dummy frameset
- Xtracycle Gallery—Gallery of Xtracycle pictures