|Born||March 2, 1973
Minquan County, Henan Province
|Nationality||People's Republic of China|
|Other names||许志勇 (Xu Zhiyong)|
|Alma mater||Lanzhou University, Peking University|
|Known for||Civil rights advocacy|
Xu Zhiyong (Chinese: 许志永; pinyin: Xǔ Zhìyǒng) is a lecturer at the Beijing University of Post and Telecommunications. He was one of the founders of the NGO Open Constitution Initiative and an active rights lawyer in China who helped those underprivileged. He is the main founder and icon of the New Citizens' Movement in China.
Unlike other human rights activists, Xu firmly and carefully pushed his calls for political change and social justice in existing laws, and his group has been regarded as relatively cautious and conservative. In his recent interview before his arrest, he described his dream
|“||I wish our country could be a free and happy one. Every citizen need not go against their conscience and can find their own place by their virtue and talents; a simple and happy society, where the goodness of humanity is expanded to the maximum, and the evilness of humanity is constrained to the minimum; honesty, trust, kindness, and helping each other are everyday occurrences in life; there is not so much anger and anxiety, a pure smile on everyone’s face.||”|
—Xu Zhiyong, China Digital Times
The Open Constitution Initiative, which Xu co-founded, was fined 1.46 million RMB on July 14, 2009 for 'dodging taxes' and was shut down by the authorities by declaring it "illegal".
Xu Zhiyong was released on bail on August 23, 2009; he is currently waiting for court hearing. The Australian newspaper The Age reported that the release of Xu, Zhuang and another Chinese dissident, Ilham Tohti, was in part due to pressure on Beijing from the administration of American President Barack Obama.
- "Independent candidate elected". China Daily. 2003-12-17. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Without Explanation, China Releases Three Activists. NYTimes.
- China Behind the Headlines: Xu Zhiyong
- China Detains Prominent Legal Activist
- Associated Press: Brother: Chinese activist held for tax evasion
- Wines, Michael (August 23, 2009). "Without Explanation, China Releases 3 Activists". The New York Times. Retrieved August 25, 2009.
- Authority's Official Notice on the Shutdown of OCI (Chinese)
- John Garnaut (2009-08-25). "Obama behind release of Chinese activists". Melbourne: The Age. Retrieved August 25, 2009.
- "A Leading Chinese Human Rights Advocate Is Detained in Beijing". NYTimes. Jul 17, 2013.
- "Formal Arrest of Advocate Is Approved by China". NYTimes. Aug 23, 2013.
- Xu Zhiyong's Blogspot page (in Chinese)
- Xu Zhiyong's Google+ page (verified)
- Xu Zhiyong on Twitter
- xuzhiyong.org: Xu Zhiyong's supporter page
- "Where is Xu Zhiyong?" The New Yorker, July 31, 2009
- Gongmeng Open Constitution Initiative on Twitter
- Free Xu Zhiyong News Blog (English)
- "Chinese Public-Interest Lawyer Charged Amid Crackdown" The New York Times, August 18, 2009
- Demick, Barbara. "Beijing frees legal activist Xu Zhiyong. Los Angeles Times August 24, 2009. 
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