Xubuntu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Xubuntu
Xubuntu logo and wordmark.svg
Xubuntu 14.04 LTS.png
Xubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr
Company / developer Canonical Ltd.
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current
Source model Free and open source software
Initial release 23 June 2006
Latest release 14.04 (Trusty Tahr) / 17 April 2014; 8 days ago (2014-04-17)
Kernel type Monolithic (Linux)
Userland GNU
Default user interface Xfce
License Mainly the GNU GPL / various others
Official website xubuntu.org

Xubuntu (/zˈbnt/ zoo-BOON-too) is a Canonical Ltd.–recognized, community-maintained derivative of the Ubuntu operating system. It uses the Xfce desktop environment, instead of Ubuntu's Unity.[1][2][3]

The name Xubuntu is a portmanteau of Xfce and Ubuntu. Xfce originally was an abbreviation for XForms Common Environment; ubuntu has a meaning of approximately "humanity towards others" in various Bantu languages.

Goals[edit]

Xubuntu's goals are to:

provide an easy to use distribution, based on Ubuntu, using Xfce as the graphical desktop, with a focus on integration, usability and performance, with a particular focus on low memory footprint. The integration in Xubuntu is at a configuration level, a toolkit level, and matching the underlying technology beneath the desktop in Ubuntu. Xubuntu will be built and developed autonomously as part of the wider Ubuntu community, based around the ideals and values of Ubuntu.[4]

The Xfce desktop environment is intended to use fewer system resources than the default Ubuntu Unity desktop. As recently as September 2010 the Xubuntu developers claimed that the minimum RAM Xubuntu could be run on was 128 MB, with 256 MB of RAM strongly recommended at that time.[5]

Testing conducted by Martyn Honeyford at IBM in January 2007 on Xubuntu 6.10 concluded that it "uses approximately 25 MB less application memory, and also eats significantly less into buffers and cache (which may imply that there is less file activity) than Ubuntu."[6]

Later testing showed that Xubuntu was at a disadvantage compared to Debian equipped with the Xfce desktop. Tests were conducted by DistroWatch on a Dell Dimension 4500 desktop machine, with an Intel 2 GHz processor and 384 MB of memory in April 2009, that compared Xubuntu 9.04 against an Xfce desktop version of Debian 5.0.1. These showed that Xubuntu used more than twice the RAM as Debian in simple tasks. Xubuntu also ran out of RAM doing everyday tasks, indicating that 384 MB of RAM was inadequate. The review concluded "It was obvious I had already run out of RAM and was starting to use swap space. Considering I wasn't doing very much, this was rather disappointing".[7] Subsequent experimentation by Distrowatch concluded that the performance advantages observed in Debian were due to Xubuntu's inclusion of memory-hungry software not present in Debian's implementation of Xfce.[8]

Testing conducted on a later version, Xubuntu 9.10 beta, in September 2009 showed similar results. The tests, conducted by Linux Magazine, concluded that Xubuntu 9.10 beta's RAM usage was actually greater than Ubuntu's 9.10 beta with GNOME.[9]

Subsequent reviewers emphasized Xubuntu's perceived deficiencies in performance to highlight Lubuntu,[10][11] a project with similar goals but using the LXDE desktop environment as opposed to Xfce. For instance, Damien Oh of Make Tech Easier noted in May 2010, "So what about Xubuntu? isn’t it supposed to be the lightweight equivalent of Ubuntu? Sadly, that is a thing of the past. The truth is, the supposed lightweight equivalent is not lightweight at all. While Xubuntu is using the lightweight XFCE desktop environment, it had been bugged down by several heavyweight applications and also the integration with GNOME desktop also makes it lose its advantage."[12]

As of the Xubuntu 11.04 release the developers now "strongly recommend" 512 MB of RAM to use Xubuntu. This is the same as is recommended for Ubuntu 11.04.[13][14]

History[edit]

Xubuntu was originally intended to be released at the same time as Ubuntu 5.10 Breezy Badger, 13 October 2005, but the work was not complete by that date. Instead the Xubuntu name was used for the xubuntu-desktop metapackage available through the Synaptic Package Manager which installed the Xfce desktop.

The first official Xubuntu release, led by Jani Monoses, appeared on 1 June 2006, as part of the Ubuntu 6.06 Dapper Drake line, which also included Kubuntu and Edubuntu.

Cody A.W. Somerville developed a comprehensive strategy for the Xubuntu project named the Xubuntu Strategy Document. In early 2009 the document was awaiting a second reading by the Ubuntu Community Council.[4]

In February 2009 Mark Shuttleworth agreed that an official LXDE version of Ubuntu, Lubuntu, would be developed. The LXDE desktop uses the Openbox window manager and, like Xubuntu, is intended to be a low-system-requirement, low-RAM environment for netbooks, mobile devices and older PCs and will compete with Xubuntu in that niche.[15][16]

In November 2009, Cody A.W. Somerville stepped down as the project leader and made a call for nominations to help find a successor.[17] Lionel Le Folgoc was confirmed by the Xubuntu community as the new project leader on 10 January 2010 and requested the formation of an official Xubuntu council.[18] As of late March 2010, discussions regarding the future of Xubuntu's governance and the role a council might play in it were still ongoing.

In March 2012 Charlie Kravetz, a former Xubuntu project leader, formally resigned from the project. Despite this, the project members indicated that Xubuntu 12.04 would go ahead as scheduled.[19]

Xubuntu 6.06 LTS[edit]

Xubuntu 6.06 LTS Dapper Drake, the first official Xubuntu release

The first official stand-alone release of Xubuntu was version 6.06 Long Term Support (LTS), which was made available on 1 June 2006.

It was introduced with the statement "Xubuntu is the newest official Ubuntu derivative distribution, using the Xfce desktop environment and a selection of GTK2 applications. Its lightweight footprint is well suited for low-end hardware and thin clients. Xubuntu builds on the solid foundation of Ubuntu, with world-class hardware support and access to a vast repository of additional software."[20]

The version used Linux kernel 2.6.15.7 and Xfce 4.4 beta 1. Applications included the Thunar file manager, GDM desktop manager, Abiword word processor and Gnumeric spread sheet, Evince PDF document viewer, Xarchiver archive manager, Xfburn CD burner, Firefox 1.5.0.3 web browser, Thunderbird 1.5.0.2 email client and the GDebi package manager.[20]

Caitlyn Martin reviewed Xubuntu 6.06 in June 2006. She singled out its "bare bones approach" to the applications included, indicating that she would rather add applications she wanted than clean out ones she didn't want. On her aging laptop Xubuntu 6.06 proved faster than Fedora Core 5. She stated "Under Fedora when I opened a couple of rather resource intensive applications, for example Open Office and Seamonkey, the system would begin to drag. While these apps still take a moment to get started on Xubuntu they are crisp and responsive and don’t seem to slow anything else down. I never expected this sort of performance and that alone made Xubuntu an instant favorite of mine." She had praise for the Thunar file manager, as light and fast. She concluded "Overall I am impressed and Xubuntu, for the moment anyway, is my favorite Linux distribution despite a few rough edges, probably largely due to the use of a beta desktop."[21]

Xubuntu 6.10[edit]

Xubuntu 6.10 Edgy Eft

Xubuntu 6.10 was released on 26 October 2006. This version used Xfce 4.4 beta 2 and included Upstart, the Firefox 2.0 web browser, the Gaim 2.0.0 beta 3.1 instant messaging client along with new versions of AbiWord and Gnumeric. The media player was gxine which replaced Xfmedia. The previous xffm4 file manager was replaced by Thunar. It introduced redesigned artwork for the bootup splash screen, the login window and the desktop theme.[22][23]

The developers claimed that this version of Xubuntu could run on 64 MB of RAM, with 128 MB "strongly recommended".[24]

Reviewer Caitlyn Martin tested Xubuntu on a four-year-old Toshiba Satellite 1805-S204 laptop, with a 1 GHz Celeron processor and 512 MB of RAM in December 2006. She noted that Xubuntu ran faster than GNOME or KDE, which she described as "sluggish" and rated it as one of the two fastest distributions on her limited test hardware, placing with Vector Linux. She found the graphical installer to be less than acceptable and the text-based installer better. She concluded, "Once I had everything I like installed and configured I’ve found Xubuntu to be truly a pleasure to use. It’s user friendly for the newcomer and highly customizable for the experienced user. The basic application set on the single CD is, as expected, limited but I’d rather build up a distro with what I need and exclude what I don’t need than try to remove cruft. Performance is the best I’ve seen in any current distro. Most of my complaints are nitpicking and in general Xubuntu Edgy Eft is as good as any Linux distribution I’ve used so far. Highly recommended."[23]

Xubuntu 7.04[edit]

Xubuntu 7.04 Feisty Fawn

Xubuntu 7.04 was released on 19 April 2007. This release was based on Xfce 4.4.[25][26]

Michael Larabel of Phoronix carried out detailed benchmark testing of betas for Ubuntu 7.04, Kubuntu 7.04 and Xubuntu 7.04 in February 2007 on two different computers, one with dual Intel Clovertown processors and the other with an AMD Sempron. After a series of gzip compression, LAME compilation, and LAME encoding tasks he concluded, "in these tests with the dual Clovertown setup we found the results to be indistinguishable. However, with the AMD Sempron, Ubuntu 7.04 Feisty Fawn Herd 4 had outperformed both Kubuntu and the lighter-weight Xubuntu. Granted on a slower system the lightweight Xubuntu should have a greater performance advantage."[27]

In one Review Linux look at Xubuntu 7.04 it was faulted for not including OpenOffice.org. The reviewer noted "If you do decide to keep the default software, it will cover your basic needs. Xubuntu comes with light weight desktop in XFCE 4.4 and also less tasking programs. If you are thinking that OpenOffice will come pre-installed on your desktop, you will be greatly surprised as AbiWord and Gnumeric are your default processor and spreadsheet program." He indicated though that installing applications from the repositories was easy and made for simple customization of an installation.[28]

Xubuntu 7.10[edit]

Xubuntu 7.10 Gutsy Gibbon

18 October 2007 was the release date for Xubuntu 7.10. It was based upon Xfce, 4.4.1 and added updated translations along with a new theme, MurrinaStormCloud, using the Murrine Engine.[29][30]

Application updates included Pidgin 2.2.0, (Gaim was renamed Pidgin) and GIMP 2.4. This Xubuntu version allowed the installation of Firefox extensions and plug-ins through the Add/Remove Software interface.[29][30]

The developers claimed that this version of Xubuntu could run on 64 MB of RAM, with 128 MB "strongly recommended".[31]

In a review of the release candidate for Xubuntu 7.10 that was installed on a Pentium 2 300 Celeron with 256 MB of RAM, equipped with an nVidia GeForce 4 64 MB video card, Review Linux noted that "the system was very fast".[32]

Review Linux positioned Xubuntu and its role, "The main difference between Xubuntu and Ubuntu is the fact that Xubuntu is a little lighter on system requirements and it uses Xfce as it's (sic) desktop. Xubuntu is perfect for that old computer just lying around in your basement."[32]

Xubuntu 8.04 LTS[edit]

Xubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heron

Xubuntu 8.04 Long Term Support (LTS) was made available on 24 April 2008. This version of Xubuntu used Xfce 4.4.2, Xorg 7.3 and Linux kernel 2.6.24. It introduced PolicyKit for permissions control, PulseAudio and a new printing manager. It also introduced Wubi, that allowed Windows users to install Xubuntu as a program on Windows.[33]

Applications included were Firefox 3 Beta 5, Brasero CD/DVD burning application, Transmission BitTorrent client, Mousepad text editor, AbiWord word processor and Ristretto image viewer[33]

Reviewer Christopher Dawson of ZD Net installed Xubuntu 8.04 on a Dell Latitude C400 with 512 MB of RAM, a 30GB hard drive and a 1 GHz Pentium III-M processor. He noted it provided better performance than the Windows XP Pro it replaced. He concluded "This is where Xubuntu really shines... What it will do is take some very moderate hardware and provide a solid, reliable, and relatively snappy machine for a user with productivity needs or who accesses terminal services."[34]

Xubuntu 8.10[edit]

Xubuntu 8.10 Intrepid Ibex

Xubuntu 8.10 was released on 30 October 2008. This version of Xubuntu brought a new version of Abiword, version 2.6.4, the Listen Multimedia Player and introduced the Catfish desktop search application. It used Linux kernel 2.6.27, X.Org 7.4. There was an installation option of an encrypted private directory using ecryptfs-utils. The Totem media player was included.[35]

Darren Yates, the Australian IT journalist, was very positive about Xubuntu 8.10, particularly for netbooks, which were at their peak of popularity then, dismissing "ubuntu itself is nothing flash". He said "One of the disappointing things about the arrival of netbooks in Australia has been the decline of Linux in the face of an enslaught by Microsoft to push Windows XP Home Edition back into the market. It’s sad because Xubuntu is the ideal Linux distro for these devices. While the latest Xubuntu 8.10 distro lacks drivers for WiFi wireless networking and in many cases also the built-in webcams, those drivers do exist and incorporating them inside Xubuntu would neither be difficult or take up much space."[36]

Xubuntu 9.04[edit]

Xubuntu 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope

Version 9.04 was released on 23 April 2009. The development team advertised this release as giving improved boot-up times, "benefiting from the Ubuntu core developer team's improvements to boot-time code, the Xubuntu 9.04 desktop boots more quickly than ever. This means you can spend less time waiting, and more time being productive with your Xubuntu desktop."[37]

Xubuntu 9.04 used Xfce 4.6, which included a new Xfce Settings Manager dialog, the new Xconf configuration system, an improved desktop menu and clock, new notifications, and remote file system application Gigolo.[37]

This release also brought all new artwork and incorporated the Murrina Storm Cloud GTK theme and a new XFWM4 window manager theme. 9.04 also introduced new versions of many applications, including the AbiWord word processor, Brasero CD/DVD burner and Mozilla Thunderbird e-mail client. It used X.Org server 1.6. The default file system was ext3, but ext4 was an option at installation.[37]

In testing Xubuntu 9.04, Distrowatch determined that Xubuntu used more than twice the system memory as Debian 5.0.1 Xfce and that while loading the desktop the memory usage was ten times higher. DistoWatch attributed this to Xubuntu's use of Ubuntu desktop environment services, including the graphical package manager and updater, network manager, power manager, and proprietary driver manager. They provided a plan to strip it down and reduce its memory footprint.[38]

DistroWatch concluded "Xubuntu is a great distribution, but its default selection of packages does not necessarily suit itself to low-memory systems."[38]

In reviewing Xubuntu in May 2009, Linux.com writer Rob Reilly said, "The latest Xubuntu distribution has just about the right mix of speed and power" and concluded "for the new Linux user, Xubuntu is an easy to use version of Ubuntu that is fast, simple, and reliable. Experienced or "get it done" types will appreciate the minimalist approach, that can be beefed up to whatever degree that is needed."[39]

Xubuntu 9.10[edit]

Xubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala

29 October 2009 saw the release of Xubuntu 9.10, which utilized Xfce 4.6.1, Linux kernel 2.6.31 and by default the ext4 file system and GRUB 2. This release included the Exaile 0.3.0 music player, the Xfce4 power manager replaced the Gnome Power Manager and improved desktop notifications using notify-osd. Upstart boot-up speed was improved.[40]

The release promised "faster application load times and reduced memory footprint for a number of your favorite Xfce4 applications thanks to improvements in library linking provided by ld's --as-needed flag."[40]

Dedoimedo gave Xubuntu a negative review, saying "When it comes to usability, Xubuntu has a lot to desire. While Xubuntu is based on Ubuntu, which is definitely one of the friendlier, simpler and more intuitive distros around, a core elements that has led to Ubuntu stardom, the integration of the Xfce desktop makes for a drastic change compared to stock edition. The usability is seriously marred, in several critical categories. And it gets worse. Losing functionality is one thing. Trying to restore it and ending with an unusable desktop is another." The review concluded "Sadly, Xubuntu is a no go. It's not what it ought to be. What more, it does injustice to the Ubuntu family, which usually delivers useful solutions, mainly to new Linux users. There were horrendous, glaring problems with Xubuntu that kicked me back to Linux not so usable 2005. I was taken by surprise, totally not expecting that an ultra-modern distro would pull such dirty, antiquated tricks up its sleeve."[41]

Xubuntu 10.04 LTS[edit]

Xubuntu 10.04 LTS Lucid Lynx

Xubuntu 10.04 Long Term Support (LTS) was released on 29 April 2010. It moved to PulseAudio and replaced the Xsane scanner utilities with Simple Scan. It also incorporated the Ubuntu Software Center, which had been introduced in Ubuntu 9.10, to replace the old Add/Remove Software utility. The included spreadsheet application, Gnumeric was updated to version 1.10.1 and new games were introduced. Due to incompatibilities in the gnome-screensaver screensaver application it was replaced by xscreensaver. The default theme was an updated version of Albatross, designed by the Shimmer Team.[42]

This version of Xubuntu officially required a 700 MHz x86 processor, 128 MB of RAM, with 256 MB RAM "strongly recommended" and 3 GB of disk space.[43]

In reviewing Xubuntu 10.04 beta 1 in April 2010, Joey Sneddon of OMG Ubuntu, declared it "borderline irrelevant". He noted that it provided few performance advantages over Ubuntu. In testing it against Ubuntu and Lubuntu on a 1 GB RAM, 2 Ghz Single core processor computer with a 128 MB video card, RAM usage with 3 tabs open in Firefox, 1 playing a HTML5 YouTube video was:

  • Ubuntu Beta 1: 222 MB
  • Xubuntu Beta 1: 215.8 MiB
  • Lubuntu Beta 1: 137 MB

Sneddon concluded from this testing, "as you can see Xubuntu, as we've mentioned previously, shows very little lean-ness compared to Ubuntu proper, which begs the question 'why would you use it over Ubuntu?'. Xubuntu, whilst of interest to those who prefer the XFCE environment, remains an unremarkable spin from the Ubuntu canon that, for most users, is largely irrelevant."[44]

Jim Lynch of Desktop Linux Reviews praised Xubuntu 10.04's fast boot time and its incorporation of the Ubuntu Software Center, but criticized the lack of inclusion of Ubuntu One.[43]

Xubuntu 10.10[edit]

Xubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat

Xubuntu 10.10 was released on 10 October 2010. It included Parole, the Xfce4 media player, XFBurn CD/DVD writer in place of Brasero and Xfce4-taskmanager replaced Gnome-Task-Manager. These changes were all to lighten the release's memory footprint. AbiWord was updated to version 2.8.6 and Gnumeric to 1.10.8. This release also introduced the Bluebird theme, from the Shimmer Team.[45]

This version of Xubuntu required 192 MB of RAM to run the standard live CD or to install it. The alternate installation CD required 64 MB of RAM to install Xubuntu. Either CD required 2.0 GB of free hard disk space. Once installed, Xubuntu 10.10 could run with as little as 128 MB of RAM, but the developers strongly recommended a minimum of 256 MB of RAM.[46]

In reviewing Xubuntu 10.10 in October 2010, just after it was released, Jim Lynch of Eye On Linux said, "I had no problems using Xubuntu 10.10. My system was very stable; I didn’t notice any application crashes or system burps. Xubuntu 10.10 is also very fast; applications opened and close very quickly. There was no noticeable system lag or sluggishness. The new theme Bluebird is attractive without being garish; it fits in well with Xubuntu’s minimalist mission."

Christopher Tozzi, writing about Xubuntu 10.10 beta in August 2010, noted that the distribution was shedding its Gnome dependencies and adopting lighter weight alternatives. He noted "it’s encouraging to see more uniqueness in the distribution, especially given the uncertain future of the Gnome-Ubuntu relationship as the release of Gnome 3.0 approaches."[47]

Xubuntu 11.04[edit]

Xubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal

Xubuntu 11.04 was released on 28 April 2011. This version was based upon Xfce 4.8 and introduced editable menus using any menu editor that meets the freedesktop.org standards. This version also introduced a new Elementary Xubuntu icon theme, the Droid font by default and an updated installation slide show.[48]

While Ubuntu 11.04 introduced the new default Unity interface, Xubuntu did not adopt Unity and instead retained its existing Xfce interface. Although the developers have decided to retain a minimalist interface, Xubuntu 11.04 has a new dock-like application launcher to achieve a more modern look.[49]

Xubuntu 11.04 could be installed with one of 2 CDs. The Xubuntu 11.04 standard CD requires 4.4 GB of hard disk space and 256 MB of RAM to install, while the alternate CD, which uses a text-based installer, requires 64 MB of RAM and 2 GB of disk space for installation and provides additional options. Once installed, Xubuntu 11.04 can run with 256 MB of RAM, but 512 MB is "strongly recommended".[13][14]

In reviewing Xubuntu 11.04, Jim Lynch of Desktop Linux Reviews faulted the release for its lack of LibreOffice, its dull default wallpaper and the default automatic hiding of the bottom panel. In praising the release he said "Xubuntu 11.04 is a good choice for minimalists who prefer a desktop environment not bogged down with pointless eye-candy. It should work well on older or slower hardware. It’s also a good option for those who dislike Unity and want a different desktop environment. Xfce is simple, fast and doesn’t get in your way when you are trying to quickly launch an application or otherwise find something. And those who decide to use Xubuntu still remain in the Ubuntu family without the headache of dealing with Unity. So if you’re a Unity resister, you should definitely check out Xubuntu 11.04."[49]

Joe Brockmeier of Linux.com in reviewing Xubuntu 11.04, praised the inclusion of AbiWord and Gnumeric over LibreOffice, as well as the Catfish file search utility. He added, "Though I've usually used the mainline Ubuntu release when I use Ubuntu, I have to say that I really like the latest iteration of Xubuntu. It does a great job of showcasing Xfce while providing a unique desktop that gives all the pluses of Ubuntu while still being a bit more like a traditional Linux desktop."[50]

Xubuntu 11.10[edit]

Xubuntu 11.10 Oneiric Ocelot

Xubuntu 11.10 was released on 13 October 2011, the same day that Ubuntu 11.10 was released.[51]

In this release gThumb became the new image viewer/organizer, Leafpad replaced Mousepad as the default text editor and LightDM was introduced as the log-in manager. The release also incorporated pastebinit for cut and paste actions.[51]

In reviewing Xubuntu 11.10 on the Acer eM350 netbook, Michael Reed of Linux Journal noted the extensive hardware support out of the box, attractive theme and good performance on 1 GB of RAM. He did remark on the inferior Adobe Flash performance compared to the Windows version of Flash, particularly in full screen mode, something common to all Linux Flash installations as well as the lack of native support for Samba networking, although he was quickly able to install this. Reed concluded "my overall assessment was that Xubuntu 11.10 was a better fit than Windows XP on this netbook. Being fair, one has to remember that XP is now ten years old. Xfce is going to get better and better, and it's already very comprehensive. There is a growing contingent of users for whom the direction that KDE4 and Gnome 3 have taken doesn't ring true, and increasingly, Xfce is going to be the first choice for them."[52]

In reviewing 11.10, Brian Masinick of IT Toolbox praised its low RAM usage and said the "Xubuntu 11.10 release is a fresh relief for those who simply want a nice, functional system. Xubuntu 11.10 delivers, and excels in providing a functional, no frills or surprises, responsive, and usable desktop system."[53]

Xubuntu 12.04 LTS[edit]

Xubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin

Xubuntu 12.04 is a Long Term Support release and will be supported for three years. This contrasts with Edubuntu, Kubuntu and Ubuntu 12.04 which, while also LTS releases, will all be supported for five years.[54]

Xubuntu 12.04 incorporates many changes including some default shortcuts were altered and new ones added, plus there were many appearance changes, including a new logo and wallpaper. Fixes were included for Greybird, Ubiquity, Plymouth, LightDM, and Terminal themes.[55][56]

The release shipped with the Linux v3.2.14 Linux kernel. Pavucontrol was introduced to replace xfce4-mixer as it did not support PulseAudio. The Alacarte menu editor was used by default.[55][56]

The minimum system requirements for this release are 512 MiB of RAM, 5 GB of hard disk space, and a graphics card and monitor capable of at least 800×600 pixel resolution.[55]

Xubuntu 12.10[edit]

Xubuntu 12.10 Quantal Quetzal

Xubuntu 12.10 was released on 18 October 2012. This release introduced the use of Xfce 4.10, as well as new versions of Catfish, Parole, LightDM, Greybird and the Ubiquity slideshow. The application menu was slightly reorganized, with settings-related launchers moved to the Settings Manager. The release also included updated artwork, new desktop wallpaper, a new look to the documentation and completely rewritten offline documentation. On 32 bit systems, hardware supporting PAE is required.[57]

The release included one notable bug fix: "No more window traces or "black on black" in installer".[58]

This release of Xubuntu does not support UEFI Secure Boot, unlike Ubuntu 12.10, which allows Ubuntu to run on hardware designed for Windows 8. It is expected that this feature will be included in the next release of Xubuntu.[58]

Xubuntu 12.10 includes Linux kernel 3.5.5, Python 3.2 and OpenJDK7 as the default Java implementation.[58]

The minimum system requirements for this release of Xubuntu are 512 MB of system memory (RAM), 5 GB of disk space and a graphics card and monitor capable of at least 800×600 pixels resolution.[58]

Xubuntu 13.04[edit]

Xubuntu 13.04 Raring Ringtail

Xubuntu 13.04 was released on 25 April 2013. It was intended as a maintenance release with few new features. It incorporated updated documentation, a new version of Catfish (0.6.1), updates to the Greybird theme, GIMP and Gnumeric were reintroduced, a new version of Parole (0.5.0) and that duplicate partitions are no longer shown on desktop or in the Thunar file manager.[59][60]

This was the first version of Xubuntu with a support period of 9 months for the interim (non-LTS) releases, instead of 18 months.[59]

Starting with this release the Xubuntu ISO images will not fit on a CD as they now average 800 MB. The new image target media is at least a 1.0 GB USB device or DVD. The decision to change the ISO image size was based upon the amount of developer time spent trying to shrink the files to fit them on a standard size CD. This ISO size change also allowed the inclusion of two applications that had been previously dropped due to space constraints, Gnumeric and GIMP.[59][61][62]

Xubuntu 13.10[edit]

Xubuntu 13.10 Saucy Salamander

Xubuntu 13.10 was released on 17 October 2013. This release included some improvements over the previous release, including a new version of xfce4-settings and a new dialog box for display settings. There was also a new color theme tool and gtk-theme-config was added as default. This release also included new wallpaper, new GTK themes, with Gtk3.10 support and the LightDM greeter. The official Xubuntu documentation was also updated.[63]

In reviewing Xubuntu 13.10, Jim Lynch stated: "Xubuntu 13.10, like its cousin Lubuntu 13.10, is a great choice if you’re a minimalist. It’s fast, stable and offers many of the advantages of Ubuntu 13.10 without the Unity experience (or torture, depending on your perspective)."[64]

Xubuntu 14.04 LTS[edit]

Xubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr

Xubuntu 14.04 LTS was released on 17 April 2014 and, being an LTS, features three years of support.[65] It incorporates the Xfdesktop 4.11, the Mugshot user account profile editor, the MenuLibre menu editor in place of Alacarte and the Light-locker screen lock to replace Xscreensaver. The Whisker Menu is the default application launching menu. The Xfdesktop also supports using different wallpapers on each workspace.[66][67]

Applications[edit]

The Xubuntu CD includes application software for the average user including:[68][69]

Xubuntu includes the Ubuntu Software Center which allows users to download additional applications from the Ubuntu repositories.

Releases[edit]

Xubuntu versions are released twice a year, coinciding with Ubuntu releases. Xubuntu uses the same version numbers and code names as Ubuntu, using the year and month of the release as the version number. The first Xubuntu release, for example, was 6.06, indicating June 2006.[70]

Xubuntu releases are also given code names, using an adjective and an animal with the same first letter e.g.: "Dapper Drake" and "Intrepid Ibex". These are the same as the respective Ubuntu code names. Xubuntu code names are in alphabetical order, allowing a quick determination of which release is newer, although there were no releases with the letters "A" or "C". Commonly, Xubuntu releases are referred to by developers and users by only the adjective portion of the code name, for example Intrepid Ibex is often called just Intrepid.[71]

Since 2012 for LTS releases the Ubuntu desktop has been supported for five years, whereas Xubuntu is only supported for three years.

Colour Meaning
Red Release no longer supported
Yellow Release still supported
Green Current Version
Blue Future release
Version Code Name Release date Supported Until Remarks
5.10 Breezy Badger 13 October 2005 13 April 2007 xubuntu-desktop package only available
6.06 LTS Dapper Drake 1 June 2006 June 2009 First official Xubuntu release - LTS
6.10 Edgy Eft 26 October 2006 25 April 2008
7.04 Feisty Fawn 19 April 2007 19 October 2008
7.10 Gutsy Gibbon 18 October 2007 18 April 2009
8.04 LTS Hardy Heron 24 April 2008 April 2011 LTS
8.10 Intrepid Ibex 30 October 2008 April 2010
9.04 Jaunty Jackalope 23 April 2009 October 2010 PowerPC images made available [72][73]
9.10 Karmic Koala 29 October 2009 April 2011
10.04 LTS Lucid Lynx 29 April 2010 April 2013 LTS
10.10 Maverick Meerkat 10 October 2010 April 2012
11.04 Natty Narwhal 28 April 2011 October 2012
11.10 Oneiric Ocelot 13 October 2011 April 2013
12.04 LTS Precise Pangolin 26 April 2012 April 2015 LTS
12.10 Quantal Quetzal 18 October 2012 April 2014
13.04 Raring Ringtail 25 April 2013 December 2013
13.10 Saucy Salamander 17 October 2013 June 2014
14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr 17 April 2014 TBA LTS

Derivatives[edit]

Xubuntu has been developed into several new versions by third-party developers:

Element OS
A distribution for home theater PCs. - Discontinued in 2011.
Emmabuntüs
A distribution designed to facilitate the repacking of computers donated to Emmaüs Communities.
OzOS
A now-defunct Linux distribution based on a severely stripped down version of Xubuntu. Focused on Enlightenment, e17, compiled directly from SVN source. Easy update of e17 is made from SVN updates, by a click on an icon or from CLI using morlenxus script.[74][75]
OS4 (formerly PC/OS)
A derivative of Xubuntu whose interface was made to look like BeOS.[76] A 64 bit version was released in May 2009.[77] In 2010 PC/OS moved to more unified look to its parent distribution and a GNOME version was released on 3 March 2010.[78]
UserOS Ultra
A minimal Xubuntu variant was produced for Australia's PC User magazine.[79]
Voyager
A French distribution[80] which comes with the Avant Window Navigator.[81]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canonical Ltd. (2008). "What is Xubuntu?". Retrieved 10 February 2009. 
  2. ^ Canonical Ltd. (2008). "Glossary". Retrieved 10 February 2009. 
  3. ^ Canonical Ltd. (2009). "Products". Retrieved 15 October 2009. 
  4. ^ a b Somerville, Cody (2008). "Xubuntu/Specifications/Intrepid/StrategyDocument". Retrieved 10 February 2009. [dead link]
  5. ^ Canonical Ltd (September 2010). "Get Xubuntu". Archived from the original on 21 September 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  6. ^ Honeyford, Martyn (January 2007). "Reduce your Linux memory footprint". Retrieved 24 December 2010. 
  7. ^ DistroWatch (April 2009). "Xubuntu 9.04 vs Debian 5.0.1 Xfce". Retrieved 24 December 2010. 
  8. ^ DistroWatch (May 2009). "Minimal Xubuntu 9.04". Retrieved 13 April 2011. 
  9. ^ "Lubuntu: Floats Like a Butterfly, Stings Like a Bee". Linux Magazine. 9 September 2009. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  10. ^ Barbu, Doru (September 2009). "First Lubuntu Test ISOs Available". Softpedia. Retrieved 14 November 2010. 
  11. ^ Sneddon, Joey (January 2010). "Lubuntu 10.04 Alpha 1 – Visual Overview". OMG Ubuntu. Retrieved 14 November 2010. 
  12. ^ Oh, Damien (May 2010). "Lubuntu Review: A Lightweight Ubuntu Variant". Make Tech Easier. Retrieved 14 November 2010. 
  13. ^ a b Canonical Ltd. (2008). "Minimum system requirements". Retrieved 10 February 2009. 
  14. ^ a b Canonical Ltd. (October 2008). "Low-spec computers (Xubuntu)". Retrieved 10 February 2009. 
  15. ^ Smart, Chris (May 2009). "Another day, another Ubuntu derivative.". Retrieved 21 May 2009. 
  16. ^ LXDE (February 2009). "Lubuntu? LXDE Meet up with Mark Shuttleworth in Berlin". Retrieved 21 May 2009. 
  17. ^ "Xubuntu Project Lead: Call for Nominations". 
  18. ^ "Xubuntu/Meetings/Archive/Minutes/2010-01-10". Retrieved 29 March 2010. 
  19. ^ Bodnar, Ladislav (26 March 2012). "DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 449". DistroWatch. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  20. ^ a b Canonical Ltd (August 2008). "Xubuntu 6.06 (Dapper Drake)". Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  21. ^ Martin, Caitlyn (June 2011). "Meet The Newest Member of the Ubuntu Family: Introducing Xubuntu". O'Reilly Media. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  22. ^ Canonical Ltd (October 2006). "Xubuntu 6.10 Released". Archived from the original on 24 September 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  23. ^ a b Martin, Caitlyn (December 2011). "Xubuntu Gets Edgy". O'Reilly Media. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  24. ^ Canonical Ltd (December 2006). "Get Xubuntu". Archived from the original on 14 December 2006. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  25. ^ Canonical Ltd (April 2007). "Xubuntu 7.04 Released". Archived from the original on 16 September 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  26. ^ DistroWatch (April 2007). "Distribution Release: Xubuntu 7.04". Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  27. ^ Larabel, Michael (February 2007). "Ubuntu, Kubuntu, & Xubuntu Benchmarks". Phoronix. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  28. ^ L, Mike (May 2007). "Review: A Look at Xubuntu 7.04". Review Linux. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  29. ^ a b Canonical Ltd (October 2007). "Xubuntu 7.10 Released". Archived from the original on 23 October 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  30. ^ a b DistroWatch (October 2007). "Distribution Release: Xubuntu 7.10". Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  31. ^ Canonical Ltd (December 2007). "Get Xubuntu". Archived from the original on 17 December 2007. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  32. ^ a b Webmaster (October 2007). "ReviewLinux.Com: Xubuntu 7.10 RC". Review Linux. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  33. ^ a b Canonical Ltd (April 2008). "Xubuntu 8.04 Released". Archived from the original on 28 October 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  34. ^ Dawson, Christopher (May 2008). "Xubuntu 8.04 stellar on low-power machines". ZD Net. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  35. ^ Canonical Ltd (October 2008). "Xubuntu 8.10 released". Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  36. ^ Yates, Darren (undated). "Xubuntu – the under-rated Linux distro". Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  37. ^ a b c Campbell, Jim (April 2009). "Xubuntu 9.04 Announcement". Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  38. ^ a b "Minimal Xubuntu 9.04". DistroWatch. May 2009. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  39. ^ Reilly, Rob (May 2009). "Xubuntu: A Simple Approach To Ubuntu". Linux.com. Retrieved 14 October 2011. 
  40. ^ a b "Final". October 2009. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  41. ^ Dedoimedo (undated). "Xubuntu 9.10 Review - Unremarkable". Dedoimedo. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  42. ^ Somerville, Cody (April 2010). "What's new in Xubuntu". Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  43. ^ a b Lynch, Jim (May 2010). "Xubuntu Linux 10.04". Desktop Linux Reviews. Retrieved 14 June 2011. 
  44. ^ Sneddon, Joey (March 2010). "Xubuntu 10.04 Beta 1 remains borderline irrelevant". OMG! Ubuntu!. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  45. ^ Kravetz, Charlie (October 2010). "What's new in Xubuntu". Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  46. ^ Lynch, Jim (October 2010). "Quick Look: Xubuntu 10.10". Eye On Linux. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  47. ^ Tozzi, Chistopher (August 2010). "Xubuntu 10.10: Becoming More Unique". Nine Lives Media. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  48. ^ Pedretti, Fabio (May 2011). "ReleaseNotes". Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  49. ^ a b Lynch, Jim (June 2011). "Xubuntu 11.04". Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  50. ^ Brockmeier, Joe (May 2011). "Xubuntu 11.04: Solid, Sleek, and Speedy". Linux.com. Retrieved 14 June 2011. 
  51. ^ a b "Information about Xubuntu 11.10". 13 October 2011. Retrieved 14 October 2011. 
  52. ^ Reed, Michael (31 October 2011). "Xubuntu 11.10 and my Netbook". Linux Journal. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  53. ^ Masinick, Brian (14 October 2011). "Very favorable first impressions of Xubuntu 11.10". IT Toolbox. Retrieved 9 November 2011. 
  54. ^ Sneddon, Joey (10 January 2012). "Kubuntu, Xubuntu 12.04 Become Long Term Support Releases". OMG! Ubuntu!. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  55. ^ a b c Canonical (26 April 2012). "New Features in Xubuntu 12.04". Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  56. ^ a b Xubuntu Project (26 April 2012). "Xubuntu 12.04 released". Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  57. ^ Xubuntu (18 October 2012). "Xubuntu 12.10 is out!". Retrieved 18 October 2012. 
  58. ^ a b c d Xubuntu (4 November 2012). "Xubuntu 12.10 Release Notes". Retrieved 8 November 2012. 
  59. ^ a b c April 5, 2013 (25 April 2013). "Xubuntu 13.04 is here!". Xubuntu.org. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  60. ^ Joey-Elijah Sneddon (2013-04-25). "Ubuntu Flavours Release 13.04 Updates". OMG! Ubuntu!. Retrieved 2013-05-06. 
  61. ^ "Xubuntu 13.04 Raring Ringtail Iso Size Raised To 1GB, Gimp And Gnumeric To Be Installed By Default". WebUpD8. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  62. ^ "Distribution Release: Xubuntu 13.04 (DistroWatch.com News)". Distrowatch.com. Retrieved 2013-05-06. 
  63. ^ October 17, 2013 (17 October 2013). "Xubuntu 13.10 is released!". Xubuntu. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  64. ^ Lynch, Jim (21 October 2013). "Xubuntu 13.10". Linux Desktop Reviews. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  65. ^ "Xubuntu/StrategyDocument". Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  66. ^ Joey-Elijah Sneddon (2013-07-27). "What to Expect in Xubuntu 14.04 LTS and Lubuntu 14.04 LTS". OMG! Ubuntu!. Retrieved 2013-11-30. 
  67. ^ Sneddon, Joey (2 March 2014). "Ubuntu 14.04 Flavours Release First Beta". OMG Ubuntu. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  68. ^ DistroWatch (October 2008). "Xubuntu". Retrieved 10 February 2009. 
  69. ^ Canonical Ltd. (2008). "Glossary". Retrieved 10 February 2009. 
  70. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark (20 October 2004). "Ubuntu 4.10 announcement". ubuntu-announce mailing list. https://lists.ubuntu.com/archives/ubuntu-announce/2004-October/000003.html. Retrieved 19 August 2008.
  71. ^ "DevelopmentCodeNames - Ubuntu Wiki". Wiki.ubuntu.com. Retrieved 19 October 2008. 
  72. ^ Xubuntu 9.04 Release Notes - Other Section on Ports
  73. ^ Get Xubuntu 9.04
  74. ^ DistroWatch (June 2009). "OzOS". Retrieved 21 July 2009. 
  75. ^ CafeLinux.org (July 2007). "OzOS | apt:foo". Retrieved 21 July 2009. 
  76. ^ PC/OS (February 2009). "Welcome to PC/OS". Retrieved 10 February 2009. 
  77. ^ DistroWatch (May 2009). "Distribution Release: PC/OS 10 "Open64 Workstation"". Retrieved 21 July 2009. 
  78. ^ PC/OS (March 2010). "PC/OS OpenWorkstation 10.1 GNOME Released". Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  79. ^ PC User (March 2008). "March 2008 : Notebook Mega Test". Retrieved 10 February 2009. 
  80. ^ "Voyager". Voyager.legtux.org. 2010-08-24. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  81. ^ "Linux Guide - liveVoyager 12.04 User Guide". Linuxguide.altervista.org. Retrieved 2013-05-06. 

External links[edit]