|Soup or stew|
A corba from Serbia
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Chorba (Turkish: çorba, pronounced [tʃoɾˈba]),(Persian: شوربا, pronounced [ʃurˈba]) ciorbă (Romanian: ciorbă, pronounced [ˈt͡ʃorbə]), shurpa (Russian: шурпа, pronounced [ʂurˈpa]), shorpo (Kyrgyz: шорпо, pronounced [ʃorpó]), or sorpa (Kazakh: сорпа, pronounced [su̯ʊrpɑ́]) is one of various kinds of soup or stew found in national cuisines across the Balkans, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and the Middle East. In South Asia, the term shorba (Urdu: شوربہ, Hindi: शोरबा) simply means gravy. In Xinjiang, China, the soup is known as xurpa.
Chorba is derived from the Arabic word شربة shurbah, meaning "soup," which in turn comes from the Semitic root "Š-R-B", meaning "to drink". The Oxford Companion to Food, however, states it is a Persian term from shor ("salty, brackish" and ba ("stew"). Compare with "kaduba", kadu (squash) + ba (stew, broth).
There is a wide range for çorba in Turkey. It literally means soup, and based on wided materials. Some popular çorbas include:
|İşkembe çorbası||Tripe soup||Rumen of cows|
|Tarhana||Poor households||Grains, yoghurt, legumes, pepper|
|Mercimek çorbası||Lentil soup||Lentils|
|Ezogelin||New Bride||Grains, tomatoes, vegetables|
|Yoğurt/Yayla çorbası||Yoghurt/Highland soup||Yoghurt, vegetables, rice (served cold)|
|Tavuk suyuna çorba||Soup with chicken broth||Chicken, chicken broth bouillon, grains, or legumes|
|Şehriye çorbası||Orzo soup||Grains, chicken, tomatoes|
Eating soup together was highly important symbolically to the Janissary corps in the Ottoman army, where Çorbacı (soup man) was the title of the commander of a battalion. It is still common in Turkey to go to a çorbacı after having alcohol, especially to have İşkembe çorbası, because it is widely believed that this soup is very good to interrupt the bad effects of a hangover.
Romania, Moldova, and the Balkans
In Romanian and Moldovan cuisine, ciorbă is a thick soup (distinct from a stew) coming in a large array of variants and combinations of vegetables and meat. The most popular are ciorbă de burtă (tripe soup) and ciorbă de fasole (bean soup).
- Chorba (Чорба), a Bulgarian soup (see: Schkembe chorba).
- Ciorbă, a Romanian beef-vegetable soup.
- In Greek cuisine
- In Jewish cuisine, known as tschorba or tchorba.
- In Pakistani and Indian cuisine, known as 'shorba' (any soup or broth).
- In Serbian, Macedonian, and Bosnian cuisine, known as "Čorba" or "Чорба".
- In South India, know as "Shorva" or "Sherva"
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