Xylia xylocarpa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Xylia xylocarpa
Xylia xylocarpa trees.jpg
Xylia xylocarpa trees
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Tribe: Mimoseae
Genus: Xylia
Species: X. xylocarpa
Binomial name
Xylia xylocarpa
Roxb. Taub.
Synonyms

Mimosa xylocarpa Roxb.
Xylia kerrii Xylia kerrii
Xylia dolabriformis Benth.

Xylia xylocarpa is a species of tree in the Mimosoideae subfamily of the Fabaceae family. This tree is found in South and Southeast Asia.

Description and properties[edit]

Xylia xylocarpa inflorescence on the lower right.

This perennial tree is known as Pyinkado ပျဥ္းကတိုး in Burma, Cam xe in Vietnam, Sokram in Cambodia and Jamba in Karnataka (India). It has also been planted in certain parts of East Africa. It is very conspicuous in the flowering season owing to its bright yellow flowers.

Xylia xylocarpa produces good timber. Its wood pulp is used for making wrapping paper.

The seeds of this tree are edible.[1] This tree is considered a medicinal plant in India.[2] In Thailand its leaves are used to treat wounds in elephants.[3]

Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub. var. kerrii (Craib & Hutch.) is known as daeng (แดง) in the Thai language. This species, naturally adapted to conditions in Thailand, is used in reafforestation at certain denuded or environmentally degraded areas of the country.[4]

Bark of Xylia xylocarpa
Xylia xylocarpa - flowers

References[edit]

External links[edit]