Yūrakuchō

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JR train above Yūrakuchō

Yūrakuchō (有楽町?) is a neighborhood of Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan, situated in between the Ginza and Hibiya Park, near the neighborhood of Shinbashi. Unlike its tonier neighbor Ginza, Yūrakuchō provides a glimpse of Japanese life from the early postwar period, with its many izakaya (Japanese-style bars, denoted by their red lanterns known as akachochin) and outdoor yakitori restaurants, many of which are located under the train tracks serving Tokyo's JR Yamanote Line. Because of its many traditional Japanese-style eating establishments, as well as its location on the Yamanote Line with easy access to Tokyo Station, Yūrakuchō is a favorite drinking spot for businessmen on their way home from work.

Yūrakuchō is served by several train and subway stations, including Yūrakuchō Station on the JR Yamanote Line and Keihin-Tōhoku Line, and Yūrakuchō Station on the Yūrakuchō subway line.

The neighborhood takes its name from Oda Nagamasu (or Urakusai, 1547–1622), younger brother of Oda Nobunaga. Nagamasu built his mansion here on land near the Sukiya-bashi Gate of Edo Castle granted by Tokugawa Ieyasu.

In 1707, the Tokugawa shogunate established the Minami-machi Bugyō-sho, the office of one of the magistrates of Edo, in this area.

The place name dates from the Meiji period. It arises from an altered pronunciation of Urakusai.

In Yūrakuchō[edit]

The DN Tower 21 incorporates the building Douglas MacArthur used as the headquarters of SCAP.

One of the landmarks in Yūrakuchō is the DN Tower 21. Home of the The Dai-ichi Mutual Life Insurance Company, the building, across the moat from the Imperial Palace, was the headquarters of Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers under Douglas MacArthur during the Occupation of Japan. Norinchukin Bank shares the facility.

The Yūrakuchō Center Building (Yūrakuchō Mullion) complex, featuring retail, performance halls, and parking, is also located here. The neighborhood has many theatres and cinemas, among them the Tokyo International Forum, Yuraku-za, Nissei Hall, Subaru, Shante, Tokyo Takarazuka, Hibiya Scala, and Miyuki-za. The Hibiya Mitsui houses the home offices of the Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, the Japan Steel Works, Ltd., and Asahi Kasei, while the Shin Yūrakuchō Building is home to Asahi Glass Co., Nippon Paper Industries Co., Ltd., and Nichiro Corporation. Toyota Tsusho and Toho have their headquarters in the neighborhood, and the Japan National Tourist Organization (JNTO) has both its headquarters and a Tourist Information Center in Yūrakuchō. The Foreign Correspondents' Club of Japan has its facilities in the Yūrakuchō Denki North Building.

Nippon Broadcasting System (JOLF-AM) broadcasts live from Yūrakuchō since its first broadcast. Fuji Television (JOCX-TV) formerly shared facilities with JOLF.

Economy[edit]

Toho's headquarters, the Toho Hibiya Building (東宝日比谷ビル Tōhō Hibiya Biru?), are in Yūrakuchō, Chiyoda, Tokyo. The company moved into its current headquarters in April 2005.[1]

Japan Airlines operates a domestic and international flights ticketing office on the first floor of the Yurakucho Denki Building in Yūrakuchō.[2]

At one time Japan Asia Airways had its headquarters in the Yurakucho Denki Building,[3] and Galaxy Airlines had its headquarters in the district.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "会社の沿革." Toho. Retrieved on February 26, 2010. "2005年4月 東宝本社を東宝日比谷ビル(東京都千代田区有楽町一丁目2-2)に移転。"
  2. ^ "JAL Group Offices Information." Japan Airlines. Retrieved on July 21, 2011. "JAL PLAZA Yurakucho Ticket Office International & Domestic Ticketing Available Address 1st floor, Yurakucho Denki Bldg.,1-7-1 Yurakucho Chiyoda-ku, 100-0006" Map
  3. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 30, 1985. 88." Retrieved on June 17, 2009.
  4. ^ "会社概要." Galaxy Airlines. May 1, 2006. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.

Coordinates: 35°40′23″N 139°45′38″E / 35.673164°N 139.760545°E / 35.673164; 139.760545