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Language(s) Chinese
Language(s) Old Chinese
Derivation Shaohao (少昊)
Gaoyao (皋陶)
Boyi (伯益)
Gaoyang (高揚)
Feizi (非子)
Ying Zheng (嬴政)
Meaning Be Full (嬴)
Other names
Variant(s) Young/Yong/Yang/Wang
Cognate(s) Jin (Chinese surname)
Jin (Korean surname)
Li (surname)
Xu (surname)
Zhao (surname)
Derivative(s) Ing/In/Yin
See also Qin (state)
Southern Qi
Northern Qi
Former Qin

Ying (Chinese: ) is a Chinese surname. It is the royal house name of the early Qin, and Qin Dynasty. Ying Zheng is the first emperor of the unified Chinese empire.

The Zhao family is one such kind of clan belonging to the Ying tribe. There are 14 clan names in China derived from the same ancestral name Ying, they are the famous members of the Ying group which are from the Zhao family.

The origin of Ying family[edit]

Main article: House of Ying

Shaohao have a Child the Gaoyao, also Gaoyao (皋陶) have a child a Boyi (伯益). Boyi (伯益) has job for flood control and get surname Ying (嬴) at early Xia Dynasty period. Yu the Great gave a state of Dengfeng to the son of Boyi (伯益), thus started the State of Ying (英). Also, other children of Boyi (伯益) became feudal lord of Liu (state)[disambiguation needed] (六), Xu (Chinese state) (許) by order of Yu the Great. Later, Ying (赢) tribe founded in state of Ying (英), Liu (六), Xu (許) in Henan. [1]> [2]

Ying tribe is a powerful feudal lord in at last Shang Dynasty period. Feilian (蜚廉) the Ying (皋) family is the General and feudal lord of Shang Dynasty the King Zhou of Shang period. After the fall of Shang Dynasty, Ying tribe move to Shanxi and Gansu. [3]

Ying (皋) family, Feizi (非子, Biza) got the Qin County (秦邑) in Shanxi from the Government of Zhou Dynasty in the King Xiao of Zhou period, therefore started the Qin Dynasty.

Old Chinese Ying tribe the Bai people, Xu people, Qiang people, and some Nomad Chinese founded in territory in Qin (state). Also, in the Qin (state) the Duke Mu of Qin period, Xirong people join a Qin (state) for army of Qin (state). The Ying royal family of Qin (state) get various surname from any surname of the Citizen in Qin (state).

After/during the Duke Zhuang of Qin, Longxi of Gansu and that around is territory of Qin (state). That place merge to territory of Xiongnu Dynasty after fall of Qin Dynasty. After the fall of Qin Dynasty, Ying family with citizen of Qin Dynasty remain in Longxi of Gansu.

Evolution of the Ying clan[edit]

Zhao Clan (趙氏) – China, Royal house of Song Dynasty
Aisin Gioro Clan (愛新覺羅) Royal House of Qing Dynasty
Gioro Clan (覺羅氏) – Gioro, Manchuria
Irgen Gioro (伊尔根觉罗)
Zhao clan (趙氏) – Royal house of Qin Dynasty
太秦公, 秦長連, 秦野, 秦人, 秦川, 秦上, 秦下, 秦內, 秦井, 秦多, 秦當, 秦佐,秦冠, 秦前, 秦黨, 秦原, 秦部, 秦許, 秦常, 秦勝, 秦人部, 秦川邊, 秦大藏, 秦小宅, 秦井手, 秦中家, 秦田村, 秦長田, 秦物集, 秦泉寺, 秦高橋, 秦達布, 秦佐此佐...
Hata clan (秦氏) – Japan
Ying (Ancestral name) (赢姓) – Royal house of Qin (state)
The clans of Lian (廉), Xu (徐), Jiang (江), Qin (秦), Zhao (趙), Huang (黄), Liang (梁), Ma (馬), Ge (葛), Gu (谷), Mou (繆), Zhong (鍾), Fei (費), and Qu (瞿)

'Ying' Pronunciation in Chinese[edit]

Surname, Ying[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ story of 伯益
  2. ^ story of 伯益
  3. ^ story of 蜚廉