Y-DNA haplogroups in Central and North Asian populations

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Listed here are notable ethnic groups from Central Asia and Siberia by human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups based on relevant studies. The samples are taken from individuals identified with the ethnic and linguistic designations in the first two columns, the third column gives the amount of total sample size studied, and the other columns give the average percentage of the particular haplogroup.

Population Language n C  I J K N O3 P Q R1a R1b/R1* R2 Others Reference
Altaians Turkic 98 22.4 0 -- -- 3.0 -- -- 17.3 46.9 0 -- -- Tambets 2004[1]
Altaians Turkic 92 13.0 2.2 2.2 0 7.6 -- 28.3 -- 41.3 1.1 -- D=3 Derenko 05[2]
Altaians (Northern) Turkic 50 -- 0 2 -- 10 -- -- -- 38 6 -- -- Kharkov 07[3]
Altaians (Southern) Turkic 96 -- 2.1 4.2 -- 11.5 -- -- -- 53.1 1 -- E=1 Kharkov 07[3]
Buryats Mongolic 238 63.9 0.4 0 8.8 20.2 -- 1.7 1.7 2.1 0.8 -- G=0.4 Derenko 05[2]
Chukchis Chukotkan 24 4.2 0 0 0 58.3 0 20.8 15.5 4.2 0 0 0 Lell 01[4]
Dolgans Turkic 67 37.3 1.5 -- -- 34.1 -- -- -- 16.4 1.5 -- -- Tambets 04[1]
Dungans Sino-Tibetan 40 -- 2.5 12.5 2.5 2.5 40 0 7.5 10 5 5 O1=5, F=5 Wells 01[5]
Evens Tungusic 31 74.2 3.2 -- -- 12.9 -- -- 0 6.5 0 -- -- Tambets 04[1]
Evenks Tungusic 96 67.7 5.2 -- -- 19.8 -- -- 4.2 1 0 -- -- Tambets 04[1]
Itelmens Kamchatkan 18 67 0 0 0 11 0 0 0 22 0 0 0 Lell 01[4]
Kalmyks Mongolic 68 70.6 0 0 4.4 2.9 -- 11.8 -- 5.9 2.9 -- L=1.5 Derenko 05[2]
Karakalpaks Turkic 44 22.7 0 9.1 6.8 2.3 11.4 0 0 18.2 9.1 6.8 F=9, L=5 Wells 01[5]
Kazakhs Turkic 54 66.7 0 0 0 1.9 9.3 5.6 0 3.7 5.6 1.9 D=2, F=2 Wells 01[5]
Kazakhs Turkic 30 40 -- 13.3 10 -- 10 3.3 -- -- 6.7 -- F(xJ)=17 Karafet 01[6]
Kazakhs (southern Altai) Turkic 119 C3=
59.7
0 4.2 0 0 26.1 0 0.8 0.8 2.5 0 G=5, T=0.8 Dulik 11[7]
Kets Dené–Yeniseian 48 6.2 0 0 0 0 0 -- 93.7 0 0 0 0 Tambets 04[1]
Khakas Turkic 53 5.7 3.8 0 5.7 41.5 -- 7.6 -- 28.3 7.6 -- -- Derenko 05[2]
Khants Uralic 47 0 0 0 0 76.6 0 0 0 4.3 19.1 0 0 Tambets 04[1]
Koryaks Chukotkan 27 59.2 0 0 0 22.2 0 18.5 0 0 0 0 0 Lell 01[4]
Kyrgyz Turkic 52 13.5 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 0 63.5 1.9 0 O1=5.8 Wells 01[5]
Mongolians Mongolic 65 53.8 -- 3.1 1.5 10.8 10.8 4.6 -- 9.2 -- -- D=1.5,O2=1.5 Xue 06[8]
Nenets Uralic 148 0 0 -- -- 97.3 -- -- 1.4 0 0 -- -- Tambets 04[1]
Nganasans Uralic 38 5.3 0 -- -- 92.1 -- -- -- 0 0 -- -- Tambets 04[1]
Nivkhs Nivkh (isolate) 17 47 -- -- -- -- -- 35 -- -- -- -- -- Lell 01[4]
Romanis (Uzbekistán) Indo-European 15 0 0 20 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 53 H=13 Wells 01[5]
Selkups Uralic 131 1.5 0 -- -- 6.9 -- -- 66.4 19.1 6.1 -- -- Tambets 04[1]
Shors Turkic 51 2 0 0 0 15.7 0 2 0 58.8 19.6 0 F=2 Derenko 05[2]
Tajiks Indo-European 38 2.6 0 18.4 0 0 0 0 0 44.7 0 7.9 L=8, H=5,
E=3
Wells 01[5]
Teleuts Turkic 47 8.5 4.3 2.1 -- 10.6 -- 0 0 55.3 12.8 -- F=6.4 Derenko 05[2]
Tofalars Turkic 32 6.3 3.1 0 3.1 59.4 0 3.1 0 12.5 12.5 0 0 Derenko 05[2]
Turkmens Turkic 30 0 0 17 13 0 0 10 0 7 37 3 F=13 Wells 01[5]
Tuvans Turkic 113 7.1 0.9 0 8.9 23.9 -- 35.4 -- 17.7 -- -- F=3.5, G=0.9 Derenko 05[2]
Tuvans Turkic 108 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 38.0 -- M73=1.9 0 -- Malyarchuk11[9]
Uyghurs Turkic 70 4.3 -- 11.4 7.1 8.6 11.4 -- -- 18.6 -- -- P(xR1a)=17.1 Xue 06[8]
Uyghurs Turkic 67 7.5 -- 10.4 -- 6.0 10.5 -- 3.0 -- -- -- D3=4.5, G=4.5, L=4.5, R=46.3 Hammer 05 [10]
Uzbeks Turkic 366 11.5 2.2 13.4 6.8 1.4 4.1 5.5 0 25.1 9.8 2.2 F=7.9, L=3,
E=2, D=2
Wells 01[5]
Yaghnobis Indo-European 31 3 0 32 3 0 0 3 0 16 32 0 L=10 Wells 01[5]
Yakuts Turkic 155 3.2 1.3 -- -- 88.4 -- -- 0 1.9 1.9 -- -- Tambets 04[1]
Yukaghir Yukaghir 13 C3= 31 0 0 0 31 0 0 31 0 0 0 F*=8 Duggan 13[11]
Yupik Eskimo–Aleut 33 0 -- -- -- 50.6 0 18.2 21.2 0 -- -- -- Lell 01[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Tambets, Kristiina et al. 2004, The Western and Eastern Roots of the Saami—the Story of Genetic “Outliers” Told by Mitochondrial DNA and Y Chromosomes
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Miroslava Derenko et al. 2005, Contrasting patterns of Y-chromosome variation in South Siberian populations from Baikal and Altai-Sayan regions
  3. ^ a b Khar'kov, VN; Stepanov, VA; Medvedeva, OF; Spiridonova, MG; Voevoda, MI; Tadinova, VN; Puzyrev, VP (2007). "Gene pool differences between Northern and Southern Altaians inferred from the data on Y-chromosomal haplogroups". Genetika 43 (5): 675–87. PMID 17633562. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Lell, Jeffrey T. et al. 2001-2002, The Dual Origin and Siberian Affinities of Native American Y Chromosomes
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Wells, Spencer et al. 2001, The Eurasian Heartland: A continental perspective on Y-chromosome diversity
  6. ^ Karafet Tatiana et al. 2001, Paternal Population History of East Asia: Sources, Patterns, and Microevolutionary Processes
  7. ^ Dulik, Matthew C. et al. 2011, Y-Chromosome Variation in Altaian Kazakhs Reveals a Common Paternal Gene Pool for Kazakhs and the Influence of Mongolian Expansions
  8. ^ a b Xue, Yali et al. 2006 Male demography in East Asia: a north-south contrast in human population expansion times
  9. ^ Malyarchuk, Boris et al. 2011, Ancient links between Siberians and Native Americans revealed by subtyping the Y chromosome haplogroup Q1a Journal of Human Genetics (2011) 56, 583–588
  10. ^ Michael F Hammer et al. 2005, Dual origins of the Japanese: common ground for hunter-gatherer and farmer Y chromosomes Journal of Human Genetics (2006) 51, 47–58; doi:10.1007/s10038-005-0322-0
  11. ^ Duggan AT, Whitten M, Wiebe V, Crawford M, Butthof A, et al. (2013) Investigating the Prehistory of Tungusic Peoples of Siberia and the Amur-Ussuri Region with Complete mtDNA Genome Sequences and Y-chromosomal Markers PLoS ONE 8(12): e83570. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083570

External links[edit]