Y-DNA haplogroups in Central and North Asian populations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Listed here are notable ethnic groups from Central Asia and Siberia by human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups based on relevant studies. The samples are taken from individuals identified with the ethnic and linguistic designations in the first two columns, the third column gives the sample size studied, and the other columns give the average percentage of the particular haplogroup.

Population Language n C  I J K N O3 P Q R1a R1b/R1* R2 Others Reference
Altaians Turkic 14 -- -- -- -- 7.1 -- -- -- 92.9 -- -- -- Järve 09 [1]
Altaians Turkic 98 22.4 0 -- -- 3.0 -- -- 17.3 46.9 0 -- -- Tambets 2004[2]
Altaians Turkic 92 13.0 2.2 2.2 0 7.6 -- 28.3 -- 41.3 1.1 -- D=3 Derenko 05[3]
Altaians (Southern) Turkic 134 2.2 0.7 6.0 -- 9.7 10.0 -- 3.7 60.0 0.7* -- D=4.5, E=1.5 Kharkov 07 [4]
Altaians (Northern) Turkic 50 -- 0 2 -- 10 -- -- -- 38 6 -- -- Kharkov 07[5]
Altaians (Southern) Turkic 43 -- 2.1 4.2 -- 11.5 -- -- -- 58.1 1 -- E=1 Kharkov 07[5]
Kyrgyz (China) Turkic 45 8.9 0 0 2.2 4.4 4.4 2.2 2.2 68.9 2.2 0 O-M175=4.4 Shou 2010[6]
Bashkirs (Saratov/Samara) Turkic 50 0 0 8.0 -- 20.0 4.0 -- -- 48.0 20.0 -- -- Lobov 2009 [7]
Buryats Mongolic 238 63.9 0.4 0 8.8 20.2 -- 1.7 1.7 2.1 0.8 -- G=0.4 Derenko 05[3]
Chukchis Chukotkan 24 4.2 0 0 0 58.3 0 20.8 15.5 4.2 0 0 0 Lell 01[8]
Dolgans Turkic 67 37.3 1.5 -- -- 34.1 -- -- -- 16.4 1.5 -- -- Tambets 04[2]
Dungans Sino-Tibetan 40 -- 2.5 12.5 2.5 2.5 40 0 7.5 10 5 5 O1=5, F=5 Wells 01[9]
Evens Tungusic 31 74.2 3.2 -- -- 12.9 -- -- 0 6.5 0 -- -- Tambets 04[2]
Evenks Tungusic 96 67.7 5.2 -- -- 19.8 -- -- 4.2 1 0 -- -- Tambets 04[2]
Itelmens Kamchatkan 18 67 0 0 0 11 0 0 0 22 0 0 0 Lell 01[8]
Kalmyks Mongolic 68 70.6 0 0 4.4 2.9 -- 11.8 -- 5.9 2.9 -- L=1.5 Derenko 05[3]
Karakalpaks Turkic 44 22.7 0 9.1 6.8 2.3 11.4 0 0 18.2 9.1 6.8 F=9, L=5 Wells 01[9]
Kazakhs Turkic 54 66.7 0 0 0 1.9 9.3 5.6 0 3.7 5.6 1.9 D=2, F=2 Wells 01[9]
Kazakhs Turkic 30 40 -- 13.3 10 -- 10 3.3 -- -- 6.7 -- F(xJ)=17 Karafet 01[10]
Kazakhs (southern Altai) Turkic 119 C3=
59.7
0 4.2 0 0 26.1 0 0.8 0.8 2.5 0 G=5, T=0.8 Dulik 11[11]
Kets Dené–Yeniseian 48 6.2 0 0 0 0 0 -- 93.7 0 0 0 0 Tambets 04[2]
Khakas Turkic 53 5.7 3.8 0 5.7 41.5 -- 7.6 -- 28.3 7.6 -- -- Derenko 05[3]
Khalks Mongolic 85 56.5 -- 2.4 3.5 4.7 18.8 4.7 -- 3.5 -- -- D=3.5, F=2.4 Katoh 2004[12]
Khants Uralic 47 0 0 0 0 76.6 0 0 0 4.3 19.1 0 0 Tambets 04[2]
Khotons Turkic 40 10 -- 5 0 0 2.5 0 0 82.5 -- -- -- Katoh 2004[12]
Koryaks Chukotkan 27 59.2 0 0 0 22.2 0 18.5 0 0 0 0 0 Lell 01[8]
Kyrgyz Turkic 52 13.5 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 0 63.5 1.9 0 O1=5.8 Wells 01[9]
Mishars (Meshchera) extinct Finnic, Turkic 141 -- 7.6 9.7 -- 16.6 -- -- 5.0 45.3 9.9 -- E=7.5, T=2.5 Kravtsova 07 [13]
Mongolians Mongolic 65 53.8 -- 3.1 1.5 10.8 10.8 4.6 -- 9.2 -- -- D=1.5,O2=1.5 Xue 06[14]
Nenets Uralic 148 0 0 -- -- 97.3 -- -- 1.4 0 0 -- -- Tambets 04[2]
Nganasans Uralic 38 5.3 0 -- -- 92.1 -- -- -- 0 0 -- -- Tambets 04[2]
Nivkhs Nivkh (isolate) 17 47 -- -- -- -- -- 35 -- -- -- -- -- Lell 01[8]
Romanis (Uzbekistán) Indo-European 15 0 0 20 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 53 H=13 Wells 01[9]
Selkups Uralic 131 1.5 0 -- -- 6.9 -- -- 66.4 19.1 6.1 -- -- Tambets 04[2]
Shors Turkic 51 2 0 0 0 15.7 0 2 0 58.8 19.6 0 F=2 Derenko 05[3]
Soyots extinct Turkic 34 17.6 0 0 26.5 8.8 -- 8.8 -- 23.5 0 0 G=2.9 Darenko 05[3]
Tajiks (China) Indo-European 31 3.2 0 16.1 3.2 0 0 0 3.2 45.1 0 3.2 R-M207=16.1, G-M201=6.5, F-M89=3.2 Shou 2010[6]
Tajiks Indo-European 38 2.6 0 18.4 0 0 0 0 0 44.7 0 7.9 L=8, H=5,
E=3
Wells 01[9]
Teleuts Turkic 47 8.5 4.3 2.1 -- 10.6 -- 0 0 55.3 12.8 -- F=6.4 Derenko 05[3]
Todjins Turkic 36 8.3 2.8 0 13.9 11.1 -- 22.2 -- 30.6 2.8 -- F=2.8, E=2.8 Derenko 2005 [3]
Tofalars Turkic 32 6.3 3.1 0 3.1 59.4 0 3.1 0 12.5 12.5 0 0 Derenko 05[3]
Tubalars Turkic 81 -- -- -- -- 22 -- -- 24 51 -- -- D=2 Balaganskaya 07 [15]
Turkmens Turkic 30 0 0 17 13 0 0 10 0 7 37 3 F=13 Wells 01[9]
Tuvans Turkic 113 7.1 0.9 0 8.9 23.9 -- 35.4 -- 17.7 -- -- F=3.5, G=0.9 Derenko 05[3]
Tuvans Turkic 108 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 38.0 -- M73=1.9 0 -- Malyarchuk11[16]
Uriankhais Mongolic 60 58.8 -- 0 5 8.3 11.7 8.3 -- 6.7 -- -- D=1.7 Katoh 2004[12]
Uyghurs Turkic 70 4.3 -- 11.4 7.1 8.6 11.4 -- -- 18.6 -- -- P(xR1a)=17.1 Xue 06[14]
Uyghurs Turkic 67 7.5 -- 10.4 -- 6.0 10.5 -- 3.0 -- -- -- D3=4.5, G=4.5, L=4.5, R=46.3 Hammer 05 [17]
Uzbeks Turkic 366 11.5 2.2 13.4 6.8 1.4 4.1 5.5 0 25.1 9.8 2.2 F=7.9, L=3,
E=2, D=2
Wells 01[9]
Yaghnobis Indo-European 31 3 0 32 3 0 0 3 0 16 32 0 L=10 Wells 01[9]
Yakuts Turkic 155 3.2 1.3 -- -- 88.4 -- -- 0 1.9 1.9 -- -- Tambets 04[2]
Yukaghir Yukaghir 13 C3= 31 0 0 0 31 0 0 31 0 0 0 F*=8 Duggan 13[18]
Yupik Eskimo–Aleut 33 0 -- -- -- 50.6 0 18.2 21.2 0 -- -- -- Lell 01[8]
Zakhchins Mongolic 60 46.7 -- 1.7 5 3.3 22.9 5 -- 13.3 -- -- D=3.3, F=1.7 Katoh 2004 [12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Järve et al. 2009, Decreased Rate of Evolution in Y Chromomosome STR Loci of Increased Size of the Repeat Unit
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Tambets, Kristiina et al 2004, The Western and Eastern Roots of the Saami—the Story of Genetic “Outliers” Told by Mitochondrial DNA and Y Chromosomes
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Miroslava Derenko et al 2005, Contrasting patterns of Y-chromosome variation in South Siberian populations from Baikal and Altai-Sayan regions
  4. ^ Wladimir N. Kharkov et al. 2007, Structure and Phylogeography of the genepool of the indigenous Siberian population revealed by Y-Chromosome. (Chart).
  5. ^ a b Khar'kov, VN; Stepanov, VA; Medvedeva, OF; Spiridonova, MG; Voevoda, MI; Tadinova, VN; Puzyrev, VP (2007). "Gene pool differences between Northern and Southern Altaians inferred from the data on Y-chromosomal haplogroups". Genetika 43 (5): 675–87. PMID 17633562. 
  6. ^ a b Shou et al. 2010, Y-Chromosome distributions among populations in Northwest China identyfiy significant contribution from Central Asian pastoralists and lesser influence of western Eurasians. (List). Samplings.
  7. ^ A.S. Lobov et al. 2009, Genepool of Bashkir sub-populations
  8. ^ a b c d e Lell, Jeffrey T. et al 2001-2002, The Dual Origin and Siberian Affinities of Native American Y Chromosomes
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i Wells, Spencer et al 2001, The Eurasian Heartland: A continental perspective on Y-chromosome diversity
  10. ^ Karafet Tatiana et al 2001, Paternal Population History of East Asia: Sources, Patterns, and Microevolutionary Processes
  11. ^ Dulik, Matthew C. et al 2011, Y-Chromosome Variation in Altaian Kazakhs Reveals a Common Paternal Gene Pool for Kazakhs and the Influence of Mongolian Expansions
  12. ^ a b c d T. Katoh et al. / Gene xx (2004) xxx-xxx Genetic features of Mongolian ethnic groups revealed by Y-chromosomal analysis
  13. ^ Olga A. Kravtsova, The structure of the nucleotide Genepool of the Volga Tatars (based on autosomal microsatellite loci). Kazan State University 2007. - T.149. - No2. - C.138-147. (Chart).
  14. ^ a b Xue, Yali et al 2006 Male demography in East Asia: a north-south contrast in human population expansion times
  15. ^ Olga A. Balaganskaya et al. 2007, Polymorphismus der Y-chromosomen in bei Turkvölkern des Altai, Sayan, Tien Shan und der Pamir-Genpool im Kontext der Interaktion zwischen West- und Ost-Eurasien.
  16. ^ Malyarchuk, Boris et al 2011, Ancient links between Siberians and Native Americans revealed by subtyping the Y chromosome haplogroup Q1a Journal of Human Genetics (2011) 56, 583–588
  17. ^ Michael F Hammer et al 2005, Dual origins of the Japanese: common ground for hunter-gatherer and farmer Y chromosomes Journal of Human Genetics (2006) 51, 47–58; doi:10.1007/s10038-005-0322-0
  18. ^ Duggan AT, Whitten M, Wiebe V, Crawford M, Butthof A, et al. (2013) Investigating the Prehistory of Tungusic Peoples of Siberia and the Amur-Ussuri Region with Complete mtDNA Genome Sequences and Y-chromosomal Markers PLoS ONE 8(12): e83570. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083570

External links[edit]