Y. B. Mangunwijaya

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Yusuf Bilyarta Mangunwijaya
YB Mangunwijaya.png
Born May 6, 1929
Ambarawa, Central Java
Died February 10, 1999
Jakarta
Occupation Architect, Writer, Religious Leader
Nationality Indonesian
Period 20th century
Genre Fiction, Non-Fiction

Yusuf Bilyarta Mangunwijaya (Ambarawa, Central Java, May 6, 1929 - Jakarta February 10, 1999),[1] was an Indonesian architect, writer, and Catholic religious leader. He was popularly known as Romo Mangun (Father Mangun).[2]

Biography[edit]

Romo Mangun was the son of Yulianus Sumadi and Serafin Kamdaniyah.[3] At the age of sixteen, he joined the People's Security Army during the Indonesian National Revolution and was shocked by the way the troops treated the villagers.[2] In 1950, upon hearing a speech about the harmful effects of the revolution on civilians by one of the commanders, Major Isman, he decided to serve as a priest.[2] He was ordained in 1959, while studying philosophy and theology at the "Institut Sancti Pauli" in Yogyakarta.[4] He continued to study architecture in Aachen, Germany, and at the Aspen Institute of Humanistic Studies in Aspen, Colorado.[4]

He was the author of many novels, short stories, essays and non-fiction works. He produced many anthology of novels such as Ikan-ikan Hiu, Ido, Homa (The Sharks, Ido, Homa), Roro Mendut, Durga/Umayi, Burung-Burung Manyar (The Weaverbirds), and his essays were published in various newspapers in Indonesia. His work, Sastra dan Religiositas (Literature and Religiosity) was awarded as the best non-fiction book in 1982, while his novel The Weaverbirds received the Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1996.[5]

His disappointment with the Indonesian educational system triggered him to explore alternative systems that led to the establishment of the Foundation for Elementary Education Dynamics in 1987.[5] He had also set up an explorative elementary school for the community that was displaced by the development of the Kedung Ombo reservoir in Central Java, as well as the poor in the Code River, Yogyakarta.[5]

Romo Mangun was known as the father of modern Indonesian architecture. In 1992, he received the Aga Khan Award for Architecture for his work on the slum dwellers by the riverbank Code in Yogyakarta.[6] He also received The Ruth and Ralph Erskine Fellowship in 1995, as recognition of his dedication to the less privileged.[7] His work on the houses of the poor along the banks of the Code River contributed towards Mangunwijaya becoming one of Indonesia's most renowned architects.[8] According to Erwinthon P. Napitupulu, the author of a book on Mangunwijaya, due to be published at the end of 2011, Mangun heads the list of the top 10 Indonesian architects.[8]

Romo Mangun's dedication to helping those who were poor,[9] oppressed and marginalised by politics through an "outcry of the voice of conscience" made him a strong opponent of the Soeharto regime.

Awards[edit]

Architectural projects[edit]

  • Kali Code Urban Settlement, Yogyakarta : Aga Khan Award 1992
  • Sendangsono (Marian shrine)
  • Semarang Apostolic Building
  • Gedung Bentara Budaya, Jakarta
  • Gereja Katolik Jetis, Yogyakarta
  • Gereja Katolik Cilincing, Jakarta
  • Markas Kowihan II
  • Kampus II Universitas Surabaya
  • Gereja Katolik Santa Maria Assumpta, Klaten- Jateng

Publications[edit]

Novels[edit]

  • Romo Rahadi (1981, published under a pen name of Y. Wastu Wijaya)
  • Burung-Burung Manyar (1981)
  • Ikan-Ikan Hiu, Ido, Homa (1983)
  • Balada Becak (1985)
  • Durga Umayi (1985)
  • Burung-Burung Rantau (1992)
  • Balada Dara-Dara Mendut (1993)
  • Pohon-Pohon Sesawi (1999)
  • Rara Mendut, Genduk Duku, Lusi Lindri (2008, originally published as a trilogy in Kompas daily newspaper during 1982-1987)

Novels translated into English[edit]

  • The Weaverbirds, translated by Thomas M. Hunter ; John H. McGlynn, editor. Lontar Foundation, 1991. 316 p.
  • Durga/Umayi, translated by Ward Keeler. University of Washington Press ; Singapore : Singapore University Press, c2004. 212 p. ISBN 0-295-98392-2

Anthologies of essays and short stories[edit]

  • Sastra dan Religiositas (1982, Essays)
  • Esei-Esei Orang Republik (1987, Essays)
  • Tumbal: Kumpulan Tulisan Tentang Kebudayaan, Perikemanusiaan dan Kemasyarakatan (1994)
  • Rumah Bambu (2000, Short stories)

Others[edit]

  • Spiritualitas Baru
  • Politik Hati Nurani
  • Puntung-Puntung Roro Mendut (1978)
  • Fisika Bangunan (1980)
  • Pemasyarakatan Susastra Dipandang Dari Sudut Budaya (1986)
  • Putri Duyung Yang Mendamba: Renungan Filsafat Hidup Manusia Modern Ragawidya (1986)
  • Di Bawah Bayang-Bayang Adikuasa (1987)
  • Wastu Citra, Buku Arsitektur (1988)
  • Menuju Indonesia Serba Baru (1998)
  • Menuju Republik Indonesia Serikat (1998)
  • Gerundelan Orang Republik (1995)
  • Gereja Diaspora (1999)
  • Memuliakan Allah, Mengangkat Manusia (1999)
  • Manusia Pascamodern, Semesta, dan Tuhan: Renungan Filsafat Hidup, Manusia Modern (1999)
  • Tentara dan Kaum Bersenjata (1999)
  • Menjadi Generasi Pasca-Indonesia: Kegelisahan Y.B. Mangunwijaya (1999)
  • Merintis RI Yang Manusiawi: Republik Yang Adil dan Beradab (1999)
  • Pasca-Indonesia, Pasca-Einstein (1999)
  • Saya Ingin Membayar Utang Kepada Rakyat (1999)
  • Kita Lebih Bodoh dari Generasi Soekarno-Hatta (2000)
  • Soeharto Dalam Cerpen Indonesia (2001)
  • Impian Dari Yogyakarta, (2003)

Literatures on Romo Mangun[edit]

  • Sumartana, et al. Mendidik Manusia Merdeka Romo Y.B. Mangunwijaya 65 Tahun. Institut Dian/Interfedei dan Pustaka Pelajar, 1995. ISBN 979-8726-01-4.
  • Wahid, Abdurrahman. Romo Mangun Di Mata Para Sahabat. Kanisius, 1999. ISBN 979-672-431-6.
  • Priyanahadi, et al. Y.B. Mangunwijaya, Pejuang Kemanusiaan. Kanisius, 1999. ISBN 979-672-435-9.
  • Prawoto, Eko A. Tektonika Arsitektur Y.B. Mangunwijaya. Cemeti Art House Yogyakarta, 1999.
  • Mengenang Y.B. Mangunwijaya, Pergulatan Intelektual dalam Era Kegelisahan. Kanisius, 1999. ISBN 979-672-433-2.
  • Sindhunata. Menjadi Generasi Pasca-Indonesia, Kegelisahan Y.B. Mangunwijaya. Kanisius, 1999. ISBN 979-672-432-4.
  • Purwatma. Romo Mangun Imam bagi Kaum Kecil. Kanisius, 2001. ISBN 979-672-959-8.
  • Rahmanto, B. Y.B. Mangunwijaya: Karya dan Dunianya. Grasindo, 2001. ISBN 978-979-96526-1-4.
  • Yahya, Iip D. and Shakuntala, I.B. Romo Mangun Sahabat Kaum Duafa. Kanisius, 2005. ISBN 978-979-21-0563-6.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Indonesian) Rampan, Korrie Layun (2000). Leksikon Susastra Indonesia. Balai Pustaka. Jakarta. p. 530. ISBN 979-666-358-9.
  2. ^ a b c "Romo Mangun: Tribute to a Multi-Talented, National Figure". Inside Indonesia. 1 October 2001. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "Romo Mangun Dianugerahi Bintang Budaya" (in Indonesian). Kompas.com. 11 November 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Eneste, Pamusuk (2001). Buku Pintar Sastra Indonesia (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kompas. p. 264. ISBN 979-9251-78-8. 
  5. ^ a b c "Indonesia awards late priest’s input" (in Indonesian). UCAnews.com: Asia's Most Trusted Independent Catholic News Source. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  6. ^ [1].
  7. ^ "Perkampungan Code: Memperingati 12 Tahun Kepergian Romo Mangun, Seorang Tokoh Multi Talenta" (in Indonesian). Kompasiana. 23 February 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "An Architectural Culture for the People". Tempo Interaktif. 17 August 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  9. ^ Biodata Pengarang Lontar. Jakarta: Lontar. p. 31. 

External links[edit]