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Type Anti-ship cruise missile
Place of origin People's Republic of China
Service history
In service Development
Used by People's Republic of China
Weight 1.5 tons

Speed Mach 2.5-3.5+

The YJ-12 (Chinese: 鹰击-12; pinyin: yingji-12; literally: "eagle strike 12") is a Chinese supersonic anti-ship cruise missile.


The YJ-12 physically resembles a lengthened Kh-31.[1]

In a September 2014 article published in Joint Forces Quarterly, the missile was credited with a range of up to 250 km. and a speed of Mach 2.5.[1] A Popular Science article in October 2014 claimed the missile massed 1.5 tons, with a range of 400 km., and a speed of over Mach 3.5.[2]

The YJ-12 is air-launched.[3] It has been test-launched from Xian H-6 bombers.[2][4] Reportedly, they may also be launched from the Su-30MKK, the J-11, and the J-16.[5]

A 2011 article in the United States Naval War College Review credited the "YJ-91/YJ-12" with a range of 400 km. and a 205 kg. high explosive warhead.,[6] compared to the 130 km. range of a Harpoon anti-ship missile. Furthermore, an aircraft could launch the "YJ-91/YJ-12" while still 230 km. beyond the range of the SM-2 and Sparrow anti-air missiles, which had ranges of less than 170 km.[7] Following up in 2014, Robert Haddick postulated that a saturation attack by YJ-12's fired at long range would be viable against United States carrier strike groups, even if the latter was upgraded with Cooperative Engagement Capability.[8]


In August 2000, the Chinese unveiled a model of an air-launched missile - labelled as the YJ-91 - resembling the French Air-Sol Moyenne Portée. Later, a similar looking missile was seen that may have been designated as the YJ-12. Jane's reported that a YJ-12A was supposedly in development in 2004. The YJ-91 designation ultimately went to the Chinese development of the Russian Kh-31.[9] The YJ-12 ultimately resembled a lengthened Kh-31.[1]

See also[edit]

Related development

Comparable missiles


  1. ^ a b c Gormley, Dennis M.; Erickson, Andrew S.; Yuan, Jingdong (30 September 2014). "A Potent Vector: Assessing Chinese Cruise Missile Developments". Joint Forces Quarterly (National Defense University) (75): 102. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Lin, Jeffrey; Singer, P.W. (17 October 2014). "Want to know what it's like to be blown up by a Chinese missile? Ask this ship.". popsci.com. Popular Science. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  3. ^ Dutton, Peter; Erickson, Andrew S.; Martinson, Ryan, eds. (February 2014). China's Near Seas Combat Capabilities (Report). China Maritime Studies 11. United States Naval War College. p. 20. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  4. ^ United States Office of the Secretary of Defense (8 May 2015). Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2015 (PDF) (Report). p. 46. Retrieved 20 May 2015. 
  5. ^ Fisher, Richard D. Jr. (12 January 2015). "Images suggest J-10Bs close to entering Chinese service". janes.com. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  6. ^ Pradun: From Bottle Rockets to Lightning Bolts, p.14
  7. ^ Pradun: From Bottle Rockets to Lightning Bolts, p.25
  8. ^ Haddick, Robert (2 July 2014). "China’s Most Dangerous Missile (So Far)". http://warontherocks.com/. Retrieved 19 May 2015. 
  9. ^ "YJ-91/YJ-12 (China), Offensive weapons". janes.com. Archived from the original on 2 February 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2015.