Y Tu Mamá También
|Y Tu Mamá También|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Alfonso Cuarón|
|Produced by||Alfonso Cuarón
|Written by||Carlos Cuarón
|Narrated by||Daniel Giménez Cacho|
Gael García Bernal
|Editing by||Alex Rodríguez
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox (Mexico)
IFC Films (USA)
|Running time||106 minutes|
Y Tu Mamá También (English: And Your Mother Too) is a 2001 Mexican drama film directed by Alfonso Cuarón, and co-written by Cuarón and his brother Carlos. The film is a coming-of-age story about two teenage boys taking a road trip with a woman in her late 20s; it stars Mexican actors Diego Luna and Gael García Bernal and Spanish actress Maribel Verdú in the leading roles. The film, a road movie, is set in 1999, against the backdrop of the political and economic realities of present-day Mexico, specifically at the end of the uninterrupted 71-year line of Mexican presidents from the Institutional Revolutionary Party, and the rise of the opposition headed by Vicente Fox.
The film is known for its controversial depiction of sexuality, which caused complications in the film's rating certificate in various countries. The film was released in English-speaking markets under its original Spanish title, rather than the literal translation to English, and opened in a limited release in the United States in 2002. In Mexico, the film took in $2.2 million in its first weekend in June 2001, making it the highest box office opening in Mexican cinema history. In the United States, the film went on to gain nominations for Best Original Screenplay at the Academy Awards, as well as a nomination for Best Foreign Language Film at the Golden Globe Awards that year.
The film combines straightforward storytelling with periodic interruptions of the soundtrack, during which the action continues, but a narrator provides additional details and context about the characters, events, or setting depicted. In addition to expanding on the narrative, these "footnotes" sometimes draw attention to economic/political issues in Mexico, especially the situation of the poor in rural areas of the country.
The story itself focuses on two boys at the threshold of adulthood: Julio (Gael García Bernal), from a leftist middle-class family, and Tenoch (Diego Luna), whose father is a high-ranking political official. The film opens with scenes of each boy having sex with his girlfriend one last time before the girls leave on a trip to Italy. Without their girlfriends around, the boys quickly become bored. At a wedding, they meet Luisa (Maribel Verdú), the Spanish wife of Tenoch's cousin Jano, and attempt to impress the older woman with talk of an invented, secluded beach called Boca del Cielo ("Heaven's Mouth"). She initially declines their invitation to go there with them, but changes her mind following a phone call in which Jano tearfully confesses cheating on her.
Although Julio and Tenoch have little idea where to find the promised beach, the three set off for it, driving through poor, rural Mexico. They pass the time by talking about their relationships and sexual experiences, with the boys largely boasting about their modest exploits, and Luisa speaking in more measured terms about Jano and wistfully of her first love, who died in a motorcycle accident when she was a teenager. On an overnight stop, she telephones Jano, leaving a "goodbye note" on his answering machine. Tenoch goes to her motel room looking for shampoo, but finds her crying. She seduces him, and he awkwardly but enthusiastically has sex with her. Julio sees this from the open doorway, and angrily tells Tenoch that he's had sex with Tenoch's girlfriend. The next day, Luisa tries to even the score by having sex with Julio; Tenoch then reveals he had sex with Julio's girlfriend. The boys begin to fight, until Luisa threatens to leave them.
By chance they find an isolated beach. They gradually relax and enjoy the beach and the company of a local family. In the nearby village, Luisa makes a final phone call to Jano, bidding him an affectionate but final farewell. That evening, the three drink excessively and joke recklessly about their sexual transgressions, revealing that the two boys have frequently had sex with the same women (their girlfriends, as well as Luisa). Julio adds "Y tu mamá también" (indicating he once had sex with Tenoch's mother), an opportunistic joke set against the background of the preceding shocking confessions. The three dance together sensually, then retire to their room. They begin to undress and grope drunkenly, both boys focusing their attentions on Luisa. As she kneels and stimulates them both, they grasp and kiss each other passionately.
The next morning, Luisa rises early, leaving the boys to wake up together, naked. They immediately turn away from each other, and are eager to return home. The narrator explains that they did so quietly and uneventfully, but Luisa stayed behind to explore the nearby coves. He further relates that the boys' girlfriends broke up with them, they started dating other girls, and they stopped seeing each other.
The final scene follows a chance encounter a year later, in 2000, the year that the Institutional Revolutionary Party lost the first election in 71 years. Both appear ill at ease. They are having a perfunctory cup of coffee together, awkwardly catching up on each other's lives and news of their friends. Tenoch informs Julio that Luisa died of cancer a month after their trip, and that she knew she was ill the whole time the three were together. Tenoch excuses himself, and they never see each other again.
- Maribel Verdú as Luisa Cortés
- Gael García Bernal as Julio Zapata
- Diego Luna as Tenoch Iturbide
- Diana Bracho as Silvia Allende de Iturbide
- Andrés Almeida as Diego "Saba" Madero
- Ana López Mercado as Ana Morelos
- Nathan Grinberg as Manuel Huerta
- Verónica Langer as María Eugenia Calles de Huerta
- María Aura as Cecilia Huerta
- Juan Carlos Remolina as Alejandro "Jano" Montes de Oca
- Daniel Giménez Cacho (uncredited voice) as Narrator
Y Tu Mamá También was well received by critics upon its original release. The film ranking website Rotten Tomatoes reported that 91% of critics gave the film positive reviews, based upon a sample of 126. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 based on reviews from mainstream critics, the film has received an average score of 88, based on 35 reviews. Roger Ebert gave the film four stars out of four, and referred to it as "One of those movies where 'after that summer, nothing would ever be the same again.' Yes, but it redefines 'nothing.'"
Y Tu Mamá También won awards such as the Venice Film Festival's Best Screenplay award. It was also a runner-up for the National Society of Film Critics Awards for Best Picture and Best Director and was nominated for the 2002 Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay. The film made its U.S. premiere at the Hawaii International Film Festival.
It was released without a rating in the U.S. because a market-limiting NC-17 was unavoidable. The MPAA's presumed treatment of this film based on the depiction of sexuality – especially in comparison to its much more accepting standards regarding violence – prompted critic Roger Ebert to question why movie industry professionals were not outraged: "Why do serious film people not rise up in rage and tear down the rating system that infantilizes their work?"
- New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Foreign Language Film
- Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film
- Independent Spirit Award for Best Foreign Film
- Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay – Carlos Cuarón and Alfonso Cuarón
- BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay – Carlos Cuarón and Alfonso Cuarón
- BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language
- Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film
- Grammy Award for Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media
- Ranked No. 20 in Empire magazines "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema".
- Ranked No. 9 in Los Angeles Film Critics Association's "Films of the Decade".
- New York Times's "The Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made ".
- Entertainment Weekly's "25 Sexiest Movies Ever!".
|1.||"Here Comes the Mayo"||Barry Ashworth, Francisco "Paco" Ayala, Randy Ebright, Ismael Fuentes, Miguel Huidobro, Jason O'Bryan||Molotov and Dub Pistols||4:06|
|2.||"La Sirenita"||Ignacio Jaime||Plastilina Mosh||3:55|
|3.||"To Love Somebody"||Barry Gibb, Robin Gibb||Eagle Eye Cherry||3:55|
|4.||"Showroom Dummies"||Ralf Hütter||Señor Coconut||5:29|
|5.||"Insomnio"||Rubén Isaac Albarrán Ortega, Emmanuel del Real Díaz, Aleja Flores, Enrique Rangel Arroyo, José Alfredo Rangel Arroyo||Café Tacuba||2:59|
|6.||"Cold Air"||Corner, Coverdale-Howe, Natalie Imbruglia, Pickering||Natalie Imbruglia||5:01|
|7.||"Go Shopping"||Bran Van 3000||Bran Van 3000||2:52|
|8.||"La Tumba Será el Final"||Felipe Valdés Leal||Flaco Jiménez||2:44|
|9.||"Afila el Colmillo"||E. Acevedo, Jay de la Cueva, J. B. Lede, María Rodríguez, Florentino Ruiz Carmona||Titán, La Mala Rodríguez||2:52|
|10.||"Ocean in Your Eyes"||Miho Hatori, Smokey Hormel||Miho Hatori, Smokey Hormel||4:02|
|11.||"Nasty Sex"||Fancisco Javier del Campo, Muriel Rojas Rodríguez, Óscar Rojas Rodríguez||La Revolución de Emiliano Zapata||4:02|
|12.||"By This River"||Brian Eno, Dieter Moebius, Hans-Joachim Roedelius||Brian Eno||3:03|
|13.||"Si No Te Hubieras Ido"||Marco Antonio Solís||Marco Antonio Solís||4:47|
|14.||"Watermelon in Easter Hay"||Frank Zappa||Frank Zappa||9:05|
- Y Tu Mamá También at Box Office Mojo
- "Trivia for Y tu mamá también". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 7 October 2009.
- "Y Tu Mamá También – Rotten Tomatoes". Rotten Tomatoes. IGN Entertainment, Inc. Retrieved 2010-09-05.
- "Y Tu Mamá También (2002): Reviews". Metacritic. CNET Networks, Inc. Retrieved 2009-05-06.
- Ebert, Roger (5 April 2002). "Y tu mama tambien; Review". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
- Tsai, Michael (30 March 2005). "The 25th Hawaii International Film Festival". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 14 December 2010.
-  The movie business book By Jason E. Squire
- Roger Ebert (2002-04-05). "Y Tu Mama Tambien". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
- "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema | 20. Y tu mamá también". Empire.
- "Films of the Decade". Los Angeles Film Critics Association.
- "The Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made". The New York Times. 2003-04-29.
- "25 Sexiest Movies Ever!". Entertainment Weekly. 2008-11-25.
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- Y Tu Mamá También at the Internet Movie Database
- Y Tu Mamá También at AllMovie
- Y Tu Mamá También at Box Office Mojo
- Y Tu Mamá También at Rotten Tomatoes
- Y Tu Mamá También at Metacritic