Yabrud

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Yabrud
يبرود
Yabrud is located in Syria
Yabrud
Yabrud
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 33°58′N 36°40′E / 33.967°N 36.667°E / 33.967; 36.667
Country  Syria
Governorate Rif Dimashq Governorate
District Yabroud District
Nahiyah Yabrud
Elevation 1,550 m (5,090 ft)
Population (2004 census)[1]
 • City 25,891
 • Metro ~50,000
Area code(s) 12

Yabrud or Yabroud (Arabic: يبرود‎) is a city in Syria, located in the Rif Dimashq (i.e. Damascus' countryside) governorate about 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of the capital Damascus. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Yabrud had a population of 25,891 in the 2004 census.[1] The city is known for its ancient caves, most notably the Iskafta cave (where, in 1930, a thirty-year old German traveller and self-taught archeologist Alfred Rust made many important pre-historical findings), and the Yabrud temple, which was once Jupiter Yabrudis 's temple but later became "Konstantin and Helena Cathedral". Yabrud is home of the oldest church in Syria.[2] The name Yabrud is said to have originated from an Aramaic word meaning "cold" : the city rests upon the Qalamun Mountains slopes (Anti-Lebanon) at a height of 1,550 m.

The parents of former President of Argentina Carlos Menem were both born in Yabrud; they emigrated to Argentina before the end of World War I. The Natufian archeological site Yabrud III is named for the town of Yabrud.

Localities in Yabrud District[edit]

According to the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), the following villages, towns and cities, make up the district of Yabrud:[3]

English Name Arabic Name Population Subdistrict
Yabrud يبرود 25,891 Yabrud
Ras al-Maara رأس المعرة 8,520 Yabrud
Assal al-Ward عسال الورد 5,812 Assal al-Ward
al-Jebbah الجبة 2,829 Assal al-Ward
Ras al-Ayn رأس العين 2,754 Yabrud
al-Sarkha (Bakhah) (الصرخه (بخعة 1,405 Yabrud
Rima ريما 1,034 Yabrud
Wadi an-Naaim وادي النعيم 125 Assal al-Ward

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°58′N 36°40′E / 33.967°N 36.667°E / 33.967; 36.667