|Birth name||Yafa Abramov|
|Also known as||The “Songstress of the Wars”|
24 December 1925|
Giv'at Rambam, British Mandate for Palestine
|Died||1 January 2012
Reut Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
Yafa Yarkoni (Hebrew: יפה ירקוני, also Yaffa Yarqoni, (24 December 1925 – 1 January 2012) was an Israeli singer, winner of the Israel Prize in 1998 for Hebrew song. She was dubbed Israel's “songstress of the wars” due to her frequent performances for Israel Defense Forces soldiers, especially in wartime. She was from a Mountain Jewish family.
Yafa Abramov (later Yafa Gustin and Yafa Yarkoni) was born in Giv'at Rambam (today a neighbourhood of Giv'atayim) to a Jewish family that immigrated from the Caucasus. At the age of ten, she studied ballet dancing under Gertrude Kraus, one of Israel's dance pioneers.
In the 1940s, her mother ran a café in Givat Rambam, where Yafa performed with her sister Tikva and her brother Binyamin. On 21 September 1944, she married Joseph Gustin, who fought in World War II with the Jewish Brigade and was killed in battle in Italy in 1945.
In 2000, Yarkoni was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. According to her daughter, Haaretz journalist Orit Shochat, her condition worsened in 2007. That year she appeared for the last time on a television show produced in her honor by the Israel Broadcasting Authority.
In 1948, during Israel's War of Independence, Yarkoni joined an IDF song troupe affiliated with the Givati Brigade. Bab el-Wad, a song she performed at the time, became a classic, sung every year on Israel's Memorial Day. After the war, she performed songs for a program on the Kol Yisrael radio station.
Among her most well-known songs are "Don't Say Goodbye, Say I Will See You," about a soldier parting from his girlfriend before battle, and "Road to Jerusalem," about soldiers transporting food to Jerusalem when the city was under siege in 1948.
- Shoot the singer!: music censorship .... 25 May 2010. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
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- Keren, Omer. "Yafa Yarkoni's Wars" (in Hebrew). Retrieved 19 June 2008.
- Yaffa Yarkoni dies at 86; Israeli singer
- NRG-Maariv, "Mom doesn't remember she was a singer anymore – Orit Shochat, Yafa Yarkoni's said her mother had been suffering from Alzheimer disease since 2000" (in Hebrew); Judy Siegel-Itzkovich, Jerusalem Post, "TAU discovery: Excess protein linked to Alzheimer's must be prevented before it accumulates on brain": "The latest Israeli personality whose Alzheimer's disease was disclosed is Yaffa Yarkoni".
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- "Israel Prize Official site – Recipients in 1998 (in Hebrew)".
- "Legendary Israeli singer Yafa Yarkoni dies at 86". Haaretz. 1 January 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
- Nathan Shahar, Yafa Yarkoni, Jewish Women Encyclopedia
- Yafa Yarkoni at the Internet Movie Database
- Yafa Yarkoni at MOOMA (Hebrew)