|Length||116 km (72 mi)|
|Avg. discharge||32.2 cubic metres per second (1,140 cu ft/s)|
|Basin area||1,660 square kilometres (640 sq mi)|
The Yaghnob River (Yaghnob Darya) is a river in Ayni District of Sughd Province, Tajikistan. Together with the Iskander Darya, it forms the Fan Darya River, a major left tributary of the Zeravshan River.
The source of the Yaghnob is in the Matcha Mountains, where the Zarafshan and the Gissar Ranges merge. The Yaghnob is mainly fed by glaciers and snow fields. The river flows from the east to the west, south of and parallel to the upper Zeravshan River, through the Yaghnob Valley, a remote location populated by the Yaghnobi people speaking the Yaghnobi language. The main village in the valley is Anzob. It joins the east-flowing Iskander Darya to form the Fan Darya which flows north to join the Zeravshan at Ayni. The main road north from Dushanbe follows the lower Yaghnob and the Fan Darya. Before the Soviets blasted a road through, the upper valley was protected by an almost impenetrable gorge, which accounts for the historical isolation of its population.