Yahya ibn Ali ibn Hammud al-Mu'tali

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Yahya ibn Ali ibn Hammud al-Mu'tali
يحي بن علي بن حمودالمعتلي
3rd Caliph of Hammudid Dynasty
8th Caliph of Córdoba
Reign 1021 to 1023 and 1025 to 1026
Predecessor al-Qasim al-Ma'mun (1021 C.E)
Muhammad III (1025)
Successor al-Qasim al-Ma'mun(1023)
Hisham III (1026)
1st Taifa of Málaga
Reign 1026 to 1035
Predecessor New Position Created
Successor Taifa of Málaga
Died 1035
Dirham coined under the reign of Yahya.

Yahya ibn Ali ibn Hammud al-Mu'tali (المعتلي يحي بن علي; died 1035) was Caliph of Cordoba in the Hammudid dynasty of the Al-Andalus (Moorish medieval Iberia) for two times, from 1021 to 1023 and from 1025 to 1026. He was the son of caliph Ali ibn Hammud, of Berber-Arab origins.

Biography[edit]

He was governor of Ceuta from 1016, a title he received from his father. After the latter's death, he refused to recognize his uncle al-Qasim al-Ma'mun as caliph. After reaching Málaga he moved to Córdoba with a Berber army. Al-Qasim abandoned the city, taking refuge in Seville; Yahya reigned until 1023, when al-Qasim took back the throne. The latter was in turn ousted by the Umayyad party, which raised Abd ar-Rahman V to the caliphate.

Yahya moved to Málaga, and captured al-Qasim at Jerez de la Frontera, having him executed. In 1025 he mustered another army to march on Córdoba where caliph Muhammad III, after news of the upcoming attack arrived, fled to Zaragoza. The Córdoban aristocracy created a council to govern the city in absence of a caliph; after some six months, however, they appealed to Yahya to enter the city and assume the title of caliph. He arrived on 9 November 1025; after a few days he left the government in the hands of his vizier Abu Ja`far Ahmad ben Musa while he returned to his secure stronghold of Málaga.

The riots which ensued in Córdoba caused the final end of the Hammudid dynasty. In June 1026 the people expelled Yahya's vizier and elected the last caliph, the Umayyad Hisham III.

After his definitive expulsion from Córdoba, Yahya created the independent taifa (kingdom) of Málaga, which he ruled until his death in 1035.

Sources[edit]

  • Altamira, Rafael (1999). "Il califfato occidentale". Storia del mondo medievale. vol. II. pp. 477–515. 
Preceded by
al-Qasim al-Ma'mun
Caliph of Cordoba
1021–1023
Succeeded by
al-Qasim al-Ma'mun
Preceded by
Muhammad III
Caliph of Cordoba
1025–1026
Succeeded by
Hisham III
Preceded by
New creation
taifa king of Málaga
1026–1035
Succeeded by
Idris I al-Muta'ayyad