Yakovlev

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This article is about the Russian aircraft manufacturer. For people with the surname, see Yakovlev (surname).
Yak Aircraft Corporation
Formerly called A.S Yakovlev Design Bureau JSC
Type Division
Industry
Founded Moscow, Russia (January 15, 1934 (1934-01-15))
Founders Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev
Products Military aircraft
Parent United Aircraft Corporation
Website www.yak.ru/ENG/

The Yak Aircraft Corporation (formerly the A.S. Yakovlev Design Bureau JSC) is a Russian aircraft designer and manufacturer (design office prefix Yak). Its head office is in Aeroport District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow.[1]

Overview[edit]

The bureau was formed in 1934 under designer Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev as OKB-115 (the design bureau has its own production base at the facility №115), but the birthday is considered on 12 May 1927, the day of maiden flight of the AIR-1 aircraft developed within the Department of Light Aircraft of GUAP (Head Agency of Aviation Industry) under the supervision of A.S. Yakovlev.

During World War II Yakovlev designed and produced a famed line of fighter aircraft.

It was merged into the Yak Aviation Company with Smolensk Aviation Plant Joint Stock Company in March 1992, although the two companies continued to be operated separately. It later underwent privatization and became Yak Aircraft Corporation. The Russian government is planning to merge the holding company with Mikoyan, Ilyushin, Irkut, Sukhoi and Tupolev as a new company named United Aircraft Building Corporation.[2]

The firm is the designer of the Pchela (Russian: Пчела, "bee") drone reconnaissance aircraft and is perhaps best known for its highly successful line of World War II-era piston-engined fighter aircraft.

The name Yakovlev is used commonly in the West, but in Russia it is always abbreviated as Yak (Russian: Як) as a part of an aircraft name. The German transliteration, often used by the Russians, Poles, and others as well, is Jak.

Aircraft[edit]

Yak-11 of Polish Air Force.
Yak-130 trainer aircraft

Early aircraft[edit]

Fighters[edit]

Bombers[edit]

Airliners/transport[edit]

Reconnaissance[edit]

Helicopters[edit]

Trainers[edit]

Experimental[edit]

  • Yak-44 (1980s - carrier-capable airborne early warning)
  • Yak-45 (1973 - failed air superiority fighter design)
  • Yak-46 (1990s - failed push prop design developed from the Yak-42)
  • Yak-50 (1949 - fighter prototype, development of Yak-30, designation reused)
  • Yak-60 (late 1960s - tandem-rotor heavy-lift helicopter design)
  • Yak-140 (1954 - light-weight experimental fighter)
  • Yak-140 (1955 - experimental fighter aircraft)
  • Yak-1000 (1951 - high-speed experimental aircraft)
  • VVP-6 (experimental VTOL transport and weapons platform)

Planned aircraft[edit]

  • Irkut MC-21 (proposed short- and medium-range airliner)
  • Yak-48 (1998 - proposed commercial passenger)
  • Yak-77 (1993 - proposed twin-engine business, regional commuter airliner)

International aircraft projects[edit]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Home page. Yakovlev. Retrieved on 30 August 2011. "125315 Russia, Moscow, Leningradskiy prospect, 68" Address in Russian: "125315 Россия, Москва, Ленинградский проспект, 68"
  2. ^ "Russian Aircraft Industry Seeks Revival Through Merger." The New York Times. February 22, 2006.
  • A book by A.T.Stepanets. Yak Fighters in WWII [ISBN 5-217-01192-0] (in Russian)
  • Степанец А.Т.- Истребители "Як" периода Великой Отечественной войны. Справочник. - М.: Машиностроение, 1992. - 224 с.: ил:

External links[edit]