Yakovlev Yak-130

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Yak-130
Yakovlev Yak-130.jpg
Yak-130 at the Farnborough Air Show 2012
Role Advanced trainer / Light fighter
National origin Russia
Manufacturer Yakovlev
First flight 26 April 1996
Introduction 19 February 2010[1]
Status Active
Primary user Russian Air Force
Number built 96[2][3][4][5][6]
Unit cost
$15 million[7]
Developed into Alenia Aermacchi M-346 Master

The Yakovlev Yak-130 (NATO reporting name: Mitten[8]) is a subsonic two-seat advanced jet trainer/light attack aircraft or lead-in fighter trainer originally developed by Yakovlev and Aermacchi. Development of the plane began in 1991, and the maiden flight was conducted on 26 April 1996. In 2005, it won a Russian government tender for training aircraft, and in 2009 the first planes entered service with the Russian Air Force. As an advanced training aircraft, the Yak-130 is able to replicate the characteristics of several 4+ generation fighters as well as the fifth-generation Sukhoi PAK FA. It can also perform light-attack and reconnaissance duties, carrying a combat load of 3,000 kg.

Development[edit]

In the early 1990s, the Soviet government asked the industry to develop a new aircraft to replace the Czech-made Aero L-29 Delfín and Aero L-39 Albatros jet trainers. Five design bureaus put forward proposals. Among them were the Sukhoi S-54, Myasischev M-200, Mikoyan MiG-AT, and Yakovlev Yak-UTS. In 1991, the other proposals were dropped and only the MiG-AT and Yak-UTS remained.[citation needed]

Development of Yak-UTS started in 1991 and the design was completed in September 1993. The same year, Yakovlev entered an agreement with the Italian company Aermacchi to work together on the plane, which now became Yak/AEM-130. The Yak-130 version was to be offered for the Russian and the M-346 version for the Italian market.[citation needed] On 10 April 2002, it was announced that Yak-130 had been chosen as the winner of the tender for trainer aircraft for basic and advanced pilot training, beating the MiG-AT.[9]

Plans to develop a Light Attack Aircraft based on the Yak-130, came to a halt in the late 2011. Dubbed Yak-131, the aircraft failed to meet "enhanced pilot protection" requirements, put forward by the Russian Air Force.[10] Focus has shifted to a Sukhoi Su-25 replacement, instead.[11] The Light Attack Aircraft was slated to enter service by the year 2020.[10]

Yak-130 completed its maiden flight, registered as RA-431130, on 25 April 1996 at Zhukovsky. The plane was put on display for the first time at the Paris Air Show in June 2005.[9] The same year, the Russian Air Force made its first order for 12 Yak-130s. On 30 April 2004, the first pre-series Yak-130, assembled at the Sokol plant in Nizhny Novgorod, performed its maiden flight.[1] It was followed by three more pre-series aircraft. In December 2009, the aircraft completed state trials and was accepted for service.[1] The Russian Air Force intends to buy at least 72 Yak-130s, enough to equip four training regiments.[12] Commander-in-Chief, Colonel General Aleksander Zelin, announced on November 8, 2011, that the Russian Defence Ministry was to sign a contract within two weeks with Irkut Corporation for 65 additional aircraft[13] - 55 firm orders plus 10 options.[14] Zelin stated that deliveries were expected to be completed by 2017.[13]

The first serial aircraft was handed to a training center in Lipetsk on 19 February 2010.[1] However, the Russian Air Force only took delivery of the first Yak-130 in October 2012.[15]

Design[edit]

Yak-130 is an advanced pilot training aircraft, able to replicate characteristics of Russian 4th and 5th generation fighters.[16] This is possible through the use of open-architecture digital avionics compliant with a 1553 Databus, a full digital glass cockpit, quadruplex-channel digital Fly-By-Wire System (FBWS) and Instructor controlled and variable FBWS handling characteristics and embedded simulation. The type also has a Head-Up-Display (HUD) and a Helmet-Mounted-Sighting-System (HMSS), with a double GPS/GLONASS receiver updating an Inertial Reference System (IRS) for highly accurate navigation and precision targeting.[14] The developer estimates that the plane can cover up to 80% of the entire pilot flight training program.[17]

In addition to its training role, the aircraft is capable of fulfilling Light Attack and Reconnaissance duties.[16] It can carry a combat load of 3,000 kilograms (6,600 pounds), consisting of various guided and un-guided weapons, auxiliary fuel tanks and electronic pods.[17] According to its chief designer Konstantin Popovich, during a testing phase that ended in December 2009, the plane was tested with "all airborne weapons with a weight of up to 500 kg that are in service in the Russian Air Force".[16] Yak-130 has nine hard points: two wingtip, six under-wing and one under-fuselage.[14]

Yak-130 at MAKS 2005 air show

The aircraft's twin engines are mounted under extended wing roots, which reach as far forward as the windscreen. Two Ivchenko Progress AI-222-25 Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC) produce a combined total of 49 kilonewtons (11,000 pound-force) of thrust. An upgraded, "-28" engine is also on offer, increasing the thrust to 53 kN (12,000 lbf). At a normal Take-Off Weight of 7,250 kg (15,980 lb), a Thrust-to-Weight ratio of 0.70 is achieved with the "-25", or 0.77 with the "-28" engines. This compares with 0.65 for the BAE Systems Hawk 128 and 0.49 for the Aero Vodochody L-159B.[14]

Maximum internal fuel capacity is 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). With two external combat fuel tanks the figure increases to 2,600 kg (5,700 lb). Maximum true airspeed is Mach 0.93 (572 knots), service ceiling is 12,500 metres (41,000 feet) and load factors are from -3 to +9 g. Typical Take-Off speed and distance in a "clean" configuration are 209 km/h (113 kn) and 550 m (1,800 ft), whilst landing figures are 191 km/h (103 kn) and 750 m (2,460 ft), respectively. Cross wind limit is 56 km/h (30 kn).[14]

The Yakovlev Yak-130 is equipped with the FBWS controlled engine intake blanking doors, in order to prevent the aircraft's engines from sustaining Foreign object damage when operating from unpaved runways and grass strips.[18]

The large canopies are sideways hinged.

Combat training suite on the Yak-130 includes simulated and real firing systems with air-to-air and air-to-surface missiles, bomb dropping, gun firing and on-board self-protection systems.

Operational history[edit]

Yak-130 at MAKS-2011

The first Yak-130s entered Russian Air Force service in July 2009. However, deliveries have been slow.[13] On 29 May 2010, one aircraft crashed near Lipetsk during testing (both pilots ejected).[19] As of January 2012, it is believed that only eight aircraft are operational in their advanced jet trainer role.[13] Libya put an order for 6 planes.[citation needed] 3 Yaks were in delivered on 28 November 2011, with the remaining aircraft soon following.[20]

Deliveries to Libya were expected in 2011–2012,[16] but the Libyan National Transitional Council cancelled Libya's order for Yak-130s in September 2011 as part of a review of all existing arms contracts.[21]

Syria has agreed to purchase 36 aircraft,[22] but delivery of these has been postponed by Russia due to the conflict in Syria.[23]

The Uruguayan Air Force is considering the aircraft for the future replacement of the A-37[24] with the F-5 Freedom Fighter as another possible candidate.[25] Russia has offered the Yak-130 to Serbia as part of a US$3 billion loan for the upgrading of the Serbian Armed Forces.

In October 2012 Russia took delivery of six fighters. The first batch of Yak-130 combat trainers fly from the Irkut plant to the Borisoglebsk airfield [Voronezh region] after an extensive flight testing program,” Col. Andrei Bobrun said.[26]

In April 2012, Irkut Corporation president, Alexey Fedorov claimed that there are "more than ten potential customers".[27]

In November 2012, Sergey Kornev, a representative of the Rosoboronexport (Russia’s state intermediary agency for exports/imports of defense-related products) said Malaysia and several other countries are also interested of Yak-130. He was speaking at the China Airshow 2012 in the Chinese city of Zhuhai.[28]

In January 2014 Bangladesh orders 24 Yak-130. The planes will be bought with an extended loan from Russia.[29]

In February 2014 Irkut Corporation signed a contract with the Russian Ministry of Defense (MoD) to supply additional Yakovlev Yak-130 advanced jet trainer aircraft to the national Air Force.[30][31]

In May 2014 Russia announced that it will supply Syria with Yakovlev YaK-130 advanced jet trainer aircraft. Syria is expected to receive nine aircraft by the end of 2014, twelve in 2015 and fifteen in 2016, for overall of 36 airplanes.[32][33]

Variants[edit]

  • Yakovlev Yak-130 – basic dual seat advanced trainer
  • Yakovlev Yak-131, Yak-133 and Yak-135 – for single seat light attack aircraft/recon/4 seat VIP transport [34]

Operators[edit]

 Algeria
Algerian Air Force 16 aircraft [35]
 Bangladesh
Bangladesh Air Force has ordered 24 aircraft.[36][37]
 Belarus
Belarusian Air Force has 4.[38][39]
 Russia
Russian Air Force has 48[citation needed] in service.[40][41] First production aircraft was received in late July 2009, from a batch of 12, delivered by "Sokol" plant.[40] 50[42]of 55 of "Irkut" contract, were delivered by July 17th 2014. The RuAF placed a firm order for 55 aircraft.[43][44] Russia has a total requirement of 72 to 200 aircraft.[45]
 Syria
Syrian Air Force has ordered 36.[46] Russia will deliver 9 Yak-130s to Syria by the end of 2014.[47]

Specifications (Yak-130)[edit]

Data from www.yak.ru[48]

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

A symmetric or asymmetric weapon load, weighing up to 3,000 kg (6,600 lb) and consisting of various guided and un-guided weapons, auxiliary fuel tanks and electronics pods[17] can be carried on 9 hardpoints: 1 on each wingtip, 3 under each wing, and 1 under the fuselage.[14]

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d Piotr Butowski, Jakowlew Jak-130 wszedł do służby w Rosji in: Lotnictwo Nr. 4/2010, p.10 (Polish)
  2. ^ "В начале 1997 года была начата опытная эксплуатация 10 самолетов Як-130 в ВВС Российской Федерации". Retrieved 2008-07-19. 
  3. ^ "Боевые самолёты и вертолёты для ВВС России-контракты". Retrieved 2008-07-19. 
  4. ^ "Иркутский авиазавод собрал 30 самолетов Як-130 для ВВС Алжира". 12 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "Russian Military Plans to Order More Yak-130 Combat Trainers". 2013-12-26. 
  6. ^ "Борисоглебская учебная авиабаза ВУНЦ ВВС получила еще 2 новых учебно-боевых самолета Як-130". 2014-02-07. 
  7. ^ "Warplanes: Little Yak With Big Teeth". Strategypage.com. 2008-07-19. Retrieved 2011-10-17. 
  8. ^ Parsch, Andreas; Aleksey V. Martynov (2008). "Designations of Soviet and Russian Military Aircraft and Missiles". Designation-Systems.net. Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  9. ^ a b "Yakovlev Yak-130 (Russian Federation), Aircraft – Fixed-wing – Civil/military". Jane's All the World's Aircraft. 2010-07-20. 
  10. ^ a b "Russia to Field New Ground Attack Jet". RIA Novosti. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 
  11. ^ Hoyle, Craig. "IN FOCUS: United Aircraft's sky-high ambitions". Flightglobal. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  12. ^ "YAK-130 delivery goes hand in hand with Russian training overhaul | INTERNATIONAL AVIATION NEWS". Aviationnews.eu. 2010-03-04. Retrieved 2011-10-17. 
  13. ^ a b c d "Russia to order 65 more Yak-130s". Air Forces Monthly (286): 28. January 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f Collins, Peter. "FLIGHT TEST: Yak-130 proves versatility". Flighglobal. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  15. ^ "PICTURES: Russian air force receives first Yak-130 combat trainers". Flightglobal. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  16. ^ a b c d Pyadushkin, Maxim (2010-02-16). "Reprogrammed Trainer – Yak-130 jet trainer is cleared for service". Russia & CIS Observer. 
  17. ^ a b c "Yak-130". United Aircraft Corporation. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  18. ^ Hoyle, Craig. "FARNBOROUGH: Yak-130's engine intakes cause confusion". Flightglobal. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  19. ^ Russia investigates cause of Yak-130 crash
  20. ^ Butowski Air International September 2012, p. 95.
  21. ^ "New Libyan Government Cancels Russian Arms Deals". Air International, Vol 81 No 5, November 2011. p. 11.
  22. ^ Russland verkauft Syrien 36 Militärflugzeuge Tages Anzeiger.
  23. ^ "Russia Prods Syria’s President Assad With Message of Growing Impatience". nytimes.com. 2012-07-09. Retrieved 2012-07-10. 
  24. ^ "Uruguay MoD to publish future combat aircraft RfP". Dmilt.com. 2010-08-08. Retrieved 2011-10-17. 
  25. ^ Uruguay; Air force mulls Russian YaK-130 procurement - Dmilt.com, 19 December 2013
  26. ^ "Russian Air Force Accepts First Yak-130 | Defense | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  27. ^ "More than 10 nations considering Yak-130, says Irkut boss". Flightglobal. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  28. ^ "Bangladesh wants to buy Russia’s Yak-130 aircraft : Voice of Russia". :. 2012-11-15. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  29. ^ http://en.ria.ru/military_news/20140128/186986607/Bangladesh-Buys-Russian-Combat-Training-Jets-Worth-800M.html
  30. ^ "New Russian Air Force Stunt Team to Have 12 Yak-130 Jets". :. 2014-02-11. 
  31. ^ "Irkut to supply additional Yak-130 trainers to Russian Air Force". :. 2014-02-13. 
  32. ^ http://www.avionews.com/index.php?corpo=see_news_home.php&news_id=1159917&pagina_chiamante=index.php
  33. ^ http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/2014/05/05/Report-Russia-to-send-first-batch-of-Yak-130-jets-to-Syria-.html
  34. ^ John Pike. "Yak-130". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2011-10-17. 
  35. ^ http://www.flightglobal.com/airspace/media/reports_pdf/emptys/90190/world-air-forces-2011-2012.pdf
  36. ^ ""Рособоронэкспорт": Бангладеш рассматривает возможность приобретения 24 учебно-боевых самолетов Як-130". ITAR-TASS. 27 March 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  37. ^ "Бангладеш подписал контракт на 24 учебно-боевых самолета Як-130". Комерсант.ру. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 2014-01-28. 
  38. ^ Россия поставила Белоруссии четыре Як-130 и дивизион «Тор-М2» Итар-тасс, 10.07.2014
  39. ^ "Russia to Deliver Four Warplanes to Belarus in 2015". RIANOVOSTI. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  40. ^ a b "Новости России: Новые самолёты Як-130 для ВВС России - Сделано у нас". Sdelanounas.ru. 2012-11-30. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  41. ^ http://www.itar-tass.com/c9/776490.html
  42. ^ ВВС России получили почти все учебно-боевые Як-130 RIA,17 July 2014
  43. ^ "Russia Orders Yak-130 Trainer Light & Attack Jets". Defense Industry Daily. Retrieved 24 February 2013. 
  44. ^ http://bmpd.livejournal.com/524923.html
  45. ^ Sokol starts deliveries of Yak-130 combat trainers to Russian AF
  46. ^ "Insight - Syria pays for Russian weapons to boost ties with Moscow". Reuters. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  47. ^ Anton Denisov Russia will provide Syria with first batch of jet trainers by the year end RIA, 05.05.2014
  48. ^ YAK-130
  49. ^ Разрешенная взлетная масса самолета Як-130 повышена до 10290 кг[dead link], vpk, 24/3 – 2010
Bibliography
  • Butowski, Piotr. "Russian T-Bird". Air International, Vol. 83 No. 3, September 2012. pp. 92–95. ISSN 0306-5634.
  • Gunston, Bill. Yakovlev Aircraft since 1924. London, UK: Putnam Aeronautical Books, 1997. ISBN 1-55750-978-6.

The initial version of this article was based on material from aviation.ru. It has been released under the GFDL by the copyright holder.

External links[edit]