|Role||Six-seat cabin monoplane|
|First flight||26 December 1993|
The Yakovlev Yak-58 is a small, multi-role utility transport and business aircraft. The aircraft features a pusher engine and twin boom tail. It saw limited production in the late 1990s.
Design and development
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, as military contracts evaporated, the Yakovlev design bureau was forced to convert to designing civilian aircraft to stay in business. Their first post-Soviet design was the Yak-58, a small multi-role utility transport designed to appeal to as many prospective buyers as possible.
The Yak-58 is a low-winged monoplane of pusher configuration, powered by a Vedeneyev M14PT radial engine mounted at the rear of the fuselage nacelle, driving a three-bladed propeller. Rather than conventional tailbooms, the two highly swept fins were mounted directly to the wing, and were joined by the tailplane. The undercarriage is a retractable tricycle arrangement. Seats are fitted for a pilot and five passengers, with the option of replacing the passengers by 450 kg (990 kg) of cargo.
The first prototype made its maiden flight at Tblisi, Georgia on 26 December 1993, although some sources state that the first flight did not occur until 17 April 1994. This aircraft was wrecked in a fatal crash at the ILA Berlin Air Show on 27 May 1994, with the second prototype flying on 10 October 1994.
Yakovlev claimed in 1997 that it had orders for 250 Yak-58s, with an ELINT version and a version replacing the radial engine with a turboprop planned. No production at Tiblisi occurred, however, due to funding problems and political problems between Georgia and Russia, with Yakovlev attempting to restart the project in 2003, possibly with production moved back to Russia.
Data from Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000
- Crew: one, pilot
- Capacity: 5 passengers
- Length: 8.55 m (28 ft 1 in)
- Wingspan: 12.7 m (41 ft 8 in)
- Height: 3.16 m (10 ft 4½ in)
- Wing area: 20 m² (215 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 1,270 kg (2,800 lb)
- Loaded weight: 2,125 kg (4,685 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Vedeneyev M-14PT radial engine, 269 kW (360 hp)
- Maximum speed: 300 km/h (162 knots, 186 mph)
- Cruise speed: 285 km/h (154 knots, 177 mph)
- Range: 1,000 km (539 nmi, 621 mi)
- Service ceiling: 4,000 m (13,125 ft)
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Gunston and Gordon 1997, p. 211.
- Gordon, Komissarov and Komissarov 2005, p. 324.
- Gordon, Komissarov and Komissarov 2005, p. 325.
- Taylor 1999, p. 487.
- Flight International 8–14 June 1994, p. 10.
- Gunston and Gordon 1997, p. 212.
- Gordon, Komissarov and Komissarov 2005, pp. 325–326.
- Gordon, Yefim, Dmitry Komissarov and Sergey Komissarov. OKB Yakovlev: A History of the Design Bureau and its Aircraft. Hinkley, UK: Midland Publishing, 2005. ISBN 1-85780-203-9.
- Gunston, Bill and Yefim Gordon. Yakovlev Aircraft since 1924. London, UK: Putnam Aeronautical Books, 1997. ISBN 1-55750-978-6.
- "ILA '94 Show News: Crash deaths blight Berlin show opening". Flight International, 8–14 June 1994. p. 10.
- Taylor, Michael J. H. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000 Edition. London: Brassey's, 1999. ISBN 1-85753-245-7.