Yale-Lillooet

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Yale-Lillooet was a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, Canada.

It first appeared in the 1966 General Election, when it superseded the older Lillooet riding, which was one of the province's original twelve ridings, as well as the equally old Yale riding, parts of which were also in Yale-Lillooet. Yale-Lillooet was last contested in the 2005 General Election; in 2009 it was largely replaced by Fraser-Nicola, with the Fraser Canyon portions in the southwest transferred to Chilliwack-Hope and the town of Keremeos in the extreme southeast transferred to Boundary-Similkameen.

Demographics[edit]

Population, 2001 37,197
Population Change, 1996–2001 -2.9%
Area (km²) 31,889.62
Pop. Density (people per km²) 1.2

Geography[edit]

The riding was largely rural and wilderness in character despite its proximity to the Lower Mainland, it spanned the Bridge River-Lillooet, Ashcroft-Thompson Canyon, Fraser Canyon, Nicola and Similkameen Districts.

Since creation its shape remained relatively unchanged despite some minor boundary adjustments, with (e.g.) Ashcroft-Cache Creek joining Cariboo South in some elections and the Similkameen area joined to one of the Okanagan ridings. Its core towns - Lillooet, Lytton, Yale, Boston Bar, Hope, Princeton, Merritt and Spences Bridge remained permanently in the riding until its demise.

Its boundary was roughly described by a quadrangle formed by and including the towns of:

Other towns within the riding are:

The riding's largest and therefore electorally dominant population centre was Merritt. The riding was heavily mountainous and all its towns were all fairly isolated from each other by terrain and the necessarily difficult roads of the canyons and mountain valleys interconnecting them. Many of the electorate are scattered through smaller communities throughout the region, particularly on Indian Reserves and in recreational property areas of the Bridge River Country, the Nicola-Similkameen and the Fraser Canyon.

Yale-Lillooet had the highest proportion of aboriginal voters in southern British Columbia and one of the highest proportions in the province. All reserves and local bands of the Nlaka'pamux and Nicola peoples were included within the riding, as well as those of the Upper St'at'imc and the upriver Sto:lo around Hope and Yale.

History[edit]

Hope, Yale, Boston Bar, Lillooet, Lytton and Princeton are some of the oldest towns in the province, dating to the founding of the Crown Colony during the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. Merritt is of slightly later date and was an isolated ranching town until the opening of the Coquihalla Highway in the mid-1980s, which caused its population to boom.

The riding has traditionally been a swing riding with both strong conservative and liberal elements in its politics, and is also considered a bellwether riding although not always winding up in Government benches. The major industries are forestry and transportation-oriented services and tourism and recreation.

Members of Legislative Assembly[edit]

Over the district's existence, it elected the following members of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia:

Parliament Years Member Party
28th 1966–1969     Bill Hartley New Democrat
29th 1969–1972
30th 1972–1976
31st 1976–1979     Thomas Waterland Social Credit
32nd 1979–1983
33rd 1986–1991
34th 1986–1991     James Rabbitt Social Credit
35th 1991–1996     Harry Lali NDP
36th 1996–2001
37th 2001–2005     David Chutter Liberal
38th 2005–2009     Harry Lali NDP

Election results[edit]

British Columbia general election, 2005
Party Candidate Votes %
New Democratic Harry S. Lali 8,489 48.84%
Liberal Lloyd George Forman 7,009 40.33%%
Green Mike McLean 1,583 9.11%
Democratic Reform Arne Jensen Zabell 185 1.06%
People's Front Dorothy-Jean O'Donnell 115 0.66%
Total 17,381 100.00%
B.C. General Election 2001: Yale-Lillooet
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal David Chutter 9,845 60.07% $35,513
     NDP Victor York 2,817 17.19% $26,185
Green Harue Kanemitsu 1,657 10.11% $2,116
All Nations Don Moses 1,126 6.87% $6,419
     Marijuana Vincent Royer 807 4.92% $494
     People's Front Dorothy-Jean O'Donnell 136 0.84% $252
Total valid votes 16,388 100.00%
Total rejected ballots 84 0.51%
Turnout 16,472 68.99%
B.C. General Election 1996: Yale-Lillooet
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
     NDP Harry S. Lali 7,080 41.06% $41,454
Liberal Jim Rabbitt 5,912 34.29% $50,073
Reform John Calvin Stinson 3,419 19.83% $23,749
Progressive Democrat Richard Bennett 706 4.09%
Family Coalition Ed Vanwoudenberg 124 0.72% $426
Total valid votes 17,241 100.00%
Total rejected ballots 76 0.44%
Turnout 17,317 72.21%
B.C. General Election 1991: Yale-Lillooet
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
     NDP Harry S. Lali 7,740 52.31% $36,378
Social Credit James T. Rabbitt 7,057 47.69% $38,170
Total valid votes 14,797 100.00%
Total rejected ballots 697 4.50%
Turnout 15,494 72.17%

External links[edit]