Yalgoo, Western Australia

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Yalgoo
Western Australia
Yalgoo is located in Western Australia
Yalgoo
Yalgoo
Coordinates 28°20′00″S 116°41′00″E / 28.33333°S 116.68333°E / -28.33333; 116.68333Coordinates: 28°20′00″S 116°41′00″E / 28.33333°S 116.68333°E / -28.33333; 116.68333
Population 164 (2006 Census)[1]
Established 1896
Postcode(s) 6635
Elevation 318 m (1,043 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Yalgoo
State electorate(s) North West
Federal Division(s) Durack
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
27.9 °C
82 °F
13.2 °C
56 °F
259.1 mm
10.2 in

Yalgoo is a town in the Murchison region, 499 kilometres (310 mi) north-north-east of Perth and 118 kilometres (73 mi) east-north-east of Mullewa.

Before it was settled as a town the Yalgoo area was used as grazing land for European settlers including the Morrissey and Broad families. Flocks of sheep were herded onto the rich pastures during the wet growing season and driven back to coastal properties for shearing before summer. Over time the graziers saw the value in the Yalgoo land and began to establish the first sheep stations.

Yalgoo is also a local government area in Western Australia.

History[edit]

Gold was discovered in the area in the early 1890s, and by 1895 there were 120 men working the diggings and buildings being erected. The goldfield warden asked for a townsite to be surveyed and gazetted, and following survey the townsite of Yalgu was gazetted in January 1896.

It was once the location of an important railway station (opened in 1896) on the Northern Railway. Yalgoo's importance declined in the years after World War II after the forging of an all-weather road between Wubin and Paynes Find, across Lake Moore.

In early 1898 the population of the town was 650, 500 males and 150 females.[2]

Erection of a state battery commenced in July 1931[3] and was completed in October of the same year[4]

Etymology[edit]

Yalgoo is an Aboriginal name first recorded for Yalgoo Peak by the surveyor John Forrest in 1876. The name is said to mean "blood" or "place of blood", derived from the word "Yalguru". An alternative view is that it is derived from the Yalguru bush which abounds in the area, and has blood red sap.

The spelling Yalgu was used because of spelling rules for Aboriginal names adopted by the Lands & Surveys Department (the letter u best representing the "oo" sound). Within a month the Lands & Surveys had decided reluctantly to use the original Yalgoo spelling, and this spelling has been used ever since. Some doubt about the spelling being officially changed resulted in an amendment from Yalgu to Yalgoo being gazetted in 1938.

Science[edit]

The name Yalgoo is also used as a name for a crater on the planet Mars, without specifically commemorating the town.[5]

Climate[edit]

Yalgoo has a semi-arid climate with hot summers and mild to cool winters.

Climate data for Yalgoo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 46.1
(115)
46.1
(115)
44.5
(112.1)
40.6
(105.1)
34.4
(93.9)
29.1
(84.4)
28.9
(84)
33.9
(93)
36.6
(97.9)
40.0
(104)
42.4
(108.3)
45.0
(113)
46.1
(115)
Average high °C (°F) 37.2
(99)
36.3
(97.3)
33.5
(92.3)
28.5
(83.3)
23.0
(73.4)
19.2
(66.6)
18.2
(64.8)
20.0
(68)
24.0
(75.2)
27.5
(81.5)
32.1
(89.8)
35.5
(95.9)
27.9
(82.2)
Average low °C (°F) 20.7
(69.3)
20.7
(69.3)
18.6
(65.5)
14.5
(58.1)
10.1
(50.2)
7.7
(45.9)
6.2
(43.2)
6.8
(44.2)
8.7
(47.7)
11.4
(52.5)
15.2
(59.4)
18.4
(65.1)
13.2
(55.8)
Record low °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
10.0
(50)
6.8
(44.2)
3.9
(39)
−0.3
(31.5)
−1.1
(30)
−2.5
(27.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
0.4
(32.7)
4.4
(39.9)
7.0
(44.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 15.8
(0.622)
25.1
(0.988)
25.2
(0.992)
20.8
(0.819)
31.3
(1.232)
41.5
(1.634)
35.2
(1.386)
25.7
(1.012)
11.7
(0.461)
8.2
(0.323)
8.0
(0.315)
11.1
(0.437)
260.8
(10.268)
Avg. precipitation days 2.5 2.9 3.1 3.1 5.2 8.0 7.8 6.3 3.6 2.5 1.8 1.8 48.6
Source: [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Yalgoo (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 12 September 2008. 
  2. ^ "Population of Western Australia". Western Mail (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 22 April 1898. p. 23. Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "Yalgoo state battery". Geraldton Guardian and Express (Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 14 July 1931. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "District news". Geraldton Guardian and Express (Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 1 October 1931. p. 4. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  5. ^ Categories for Naming Features on Planets and Satellites, Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature, USGS Astrogeology Science Center, NASA
  6. ^ "Climate statistics for Yalgoo". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  • Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of names". Retrieved 25 May 2007. 

Further reading[edit]

See also[edit]