Yamacraw Bluff is a bluff situated on the bank of the Savannah River. The bluff is most notable for being the spot upon which General James Edward Oglethorpe landed to settle the colony of Georgia. The bluff was originally inhabited by the Yamacraw Indians. A stone marker and statue now adorn the bluff in honor of its historic value.
Yamacraw Bluff was firstand the inhabited by a group of Creek Indians which named themselves after the bluff around 1730. Chief Tomochichi was the founder of the tribe. In 1733 General James Oglethorpe and 10 colonists landed on the bluff. The General went on to found Savannah with the help of the chief and a local translator, Mary Musgrove. The Indians eventually left the bluff to merge with a larger inland tribe, only occupying the bluff for under two decades.
Monuments and markers
In 1906 a bench was erected in memorial of General Oglethorpe's landing in the New World. The bench stands in the spot were Oglethorpe pitched his tent on his first night after landing on the bluff.
In anticipation of the bicentennial celebration a stone marker was laid on Bay Street. The marker, made in 1933, reads:
- "This is Yamacraw Bluff where the Colony of Georgia was founded, February 12, 1733, by General James Edward Oglethorpe. Voted by the Georgia Daughters of the American Revolution - the Most Historic Spot in Georgia."
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- Sullivan, Buddy. "Savannah." 2008. Web. <http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-1056&hl=y>.
- Sweet, Julie. "Yamacraw Indians." Web. <http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-3543>.
- "Yamacraw Bluff Park." Web. 15 Sep 2010. <http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WM3ZA3_Yamacraw_Bluff_Park_Savannah_GA>.
- "Yamacraw Bluff Marker on Bay Street West." Web. 15 Sep 2010. <http://www.ci.savannah.ga.us/cityweb/p&tweb.nsf/4bf6a0ca45844e1685256c2f0071a3fb/2a0630c387223b2585256c5a004a73d8?OpenDocument>.