Yamaguchi 4th district

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Yamaguchi 4th district (山口県第4区 Yamaguchi-ken dai-yon-ku) is a single-member electoral district for the House of Representatives, the lower house of the National Diet of Japan. It is located in Western Yamaguchi and consists of the cities of Shimonoseki and Nagato. As of September 2011, 266,456 voters were registered in the district, giving its voters well above average (347,878 voters per district) vote weight.[1] Unlike many prefectures where the capital is also the most populous city, Yamaguchi's major city is Shimonoseki, located at the western tip of Honshū and part of the Fukuoka-Kitakyūshū metropolitan area.

Yamaguchi is home to the Kishi-Abe-Satō prime ministerial family whose members have represented the prefecture in the Diet for much of the postwar era and the Tanaka prime ministerial family that produced its first two elected governors. Western Yamaguchi formed the four-member 1st district until the electoral reform of the 1990s, its representatives included Shintarō Abe, Shinzō Abe and Tatsuo Tanaka, but also other prominent conservatives such as finance minister Yoshirō Hayashi or Takeo Kawamura who went on to become Chief Cabinet Secretary in the 2000s. The Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) usually won the district three seats to one. In the electoral reform, the 1st district was split up into the single-member 3rd and 4th districts. In the first post-reform election of 1996, the 4th district was contested by Shinzō Abe and Takaaki Koga, himself a former Liberal Democrat who in 1993 took the opposition seat in the 1st district from the Socialists for the Renewal Party. But Abe won, and has easily held onto the seat since. He was elected LDP president in 2006 against Tarō Asō and Sadakazu Tanigaki, but resigned after one year. In 2012, the party – in opposition since 2009 – once more elected him as the third LDP president not to become prime minister immediately after his election. Abe then subsequently won the 2012 election in a landslide victory against the DPJ of Yoshihiko Noda, returning the LDP to power (with coalition partner New Komeito, the LDP have a two-thirds majority and can break a deadlock in the Diet).

List of Representatives[edit]

Representative Party Dates Notes
Shinzō Abe LDP 1996– Incumbent; Prime Minister of Japan 2006-07, and 2012-present

Election results[edit]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
LDPKōmeitō[3] Shinzō Abe 118,696 78.2
DPJ Shintarō Zaima 19,336 12.7
JCP Norio Higaki 13,815 9.1
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
LDP – Kōmeitō Shinzō Abe 121,365 64.3
DPJ – PNP Takako Tokura 58,795 31.1
JCP Daisuke Kisaki 8,725 4.6
Turnout 191,199 71.05
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
LDP Shinzō Abe 137,701 73.6
DPJ Takashi Katō 36,847 19.7
JCP Daisuke Kisaki 12,499 6.7
Turnout 190,032 68.94
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
LDP Shinzō Abe 140,347 79.7
SDP Jun'ichirō Kojima 21,202 12.0
JCP Hiroshi Ikenoue 14,438 8.2
Turnout 180,044 65.01
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
LDP Shinzō Abe 121,835 71.7
JCP Hiroshi Ikenoue 48,068 28.3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
LDP Shinzō Abe 93,459 54.3
NFP Takaaki Koga 59,676 34.7
JCP Hiroshi Ikenoue 18,853 11.0
Turnout 176,042 63.32


  1. ^ Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (Sōmu-shō, lit. "Ministry of general affars"): 平成23年9月2日現在選挙人名簿及び在外選挙人名簿登録者数
  2. ^ "第46回衆議院議員選挙 - 山口4区". ザ・選挙 (The Senkyo, lit. "The Election[s]", a website about elections in Japan with an election results database covering all national elections since 1890 and recent prefectural and municipal elections; originally created by citizen online newspaper JANJAN and resold twice) (in Japanese). Heartbeats Corp. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ Yomiuri Shimbun: election results in Yamaguchi's single-member districts
  4. ^ "第45回衆議院議員選挙 - 山口4区". ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). Heartbeats Corp. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  5. ^ "第44回衆議院議員選挙 - 山口4区". ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). Heartbeats Corp. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  6. ^ "第43回衆議院議員選挙 - 山口4区". ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). Heartbeats Corp. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  7. ^ "第42回衆議院議員選挙 - 山口4区". ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). Heartbeats Corp. Retrieved 2012-11-19. 
  8. ^ "第41回衆議院議員選挙 - 山口4区". ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). Heartbeats Corp. Retrieved 2012-11-19.