|Dates||1976 - 1980|
|Oscillator||2 per voice|
|Synthesis type||Analog Subtractive|
chorus, tremoloprice = US$6900
|Keyboard||61-note with velocity
and polyphonic aftertouch
(on a per note rather than
per patch basis)
|Left-hand control||Ribbon Controller|
audio input as LFO modulatormemory = 22 preset
The Yamaha CS-80 is a polyphonic analog synthesizer released in 1976. It supports true 8-voice polyphony (with two independent synthesizer layers per voice) as well as a primitive (sound) settings memory based on a bank of micropotentiometers (rather than the digital programmable presets the Prophet-5 would sport soon after), and exceptionally complete performer expression features, such as a splittable keyboard that was both velocity-sensitive (like a piano's) and pressure-sensitive ("after-touch") but unlike most modern keyboards the aftertouch could be applied to individual voices rather than in common, and a ribbon controller allowing for polyphonic pitch-bends and glissandos. This can be heard on the Blade Runner soundtrack by Vangelis, in which virtually all the sounds are created from the CS-80.
The CS-80 is known as being one of the heaviest self-contained analog synthesizers, weighing over 200 lb (91 kg).
Production of the Yamaha CS-80 ceased in 1980.
Software emulations and hardware clones
There are currently two plug-in instrument software emulations of the CS-80 in existence for usage in digital audio workstation, music sequencer, and other software which supports the plug-in formats that these instruments were implemented and released in. The "CS-80 V" from Arturia which was released in 2003, and the "ME80" from memorymoon which was released in 2009.
There are no known hardware clones of the entire CS-80. At the 2014 NAMM Show, Studio Electronics premiered their new Boomstar SE80 synthesizer which includes a cloned filter section of the CS-80.
- Empire of the Sun
- Don Airey (On Ozzy Osbourne's Mr. Crowley, the glissando effect is heard prominently during the intro)
- Tori Amos on her 2007 album American Doll Posse
- Tony Banks
- Roy Bittan (Bruce Springsteen)
- Barclay James Harvest Guest keyboarder Kevin McAlea played the CS80 on the album "Eyes of the Universe"
- David Bowie
- Kate Bush
- Coldplay (on X&Y)
- Daft Punk
- Paul Davis The CS-80 can be heard on the opening lead on the hit song "I Go Crazy"
- Geoff Downes
- Electric Light Orchestra, on the 1979 album Discovery
- Brian Eno, notably on his album Before and After Science
- Fred Falke
- John Foxx on The Garden
- Ken Freeman on Jeff Wayne's Musical Version of The War of the Worlds
- Peter Gabriel
- Dave Greenslade, The Pentateuch of the Cosmogony
- Rupert Hine
- James Newton Howard, keyboardist with Elton John
- Peter Howell, in creating the 1980s version (used until 1985) of the Doctor Who theme music
- Garth Hudson
- Michael Jackson on his album Thriller
- Richard D. James
- Jean Michel Jarre
- Eddie Jobson
- Keane (on Perfect Symmetry)
- Tommy Mars (in Frank Zappa's band)
- Paul McCartney/Wings
- Michael McDonald CS-80 is the Comprehensive Lead On "What A Fool Believes"
- Brad Mehldau on Highway Rider
- Gary Numan (on Telekon album only)
- People Under The Stairs, played by Thes One on the song "Dewrit!" from their 2011 album, Highlighter.
- Eddie Rayner of Split Enz
- RJD2 on album The Third Hand and The Colossus
- Saga can be heard a lot on the album "Silent Knight" from 1980, particularly on the arpeggios on "Don't be late"
- Klaus Schulze
- Toto, notably "Africa"[NU 1] and "Rosanna" on Toto IV (the glissando effect is heard on the keyboard solo for Rosanna and is also seen in the music video)
- Vangelis; Spiral was his first album using the CS-80 synthesizer, on which he relied heavily in subsequent work.
- The Who The CS-80 was first used on their 1978 album "Who Are You"
- Steve Winwood
- Stevie Wonder
- Yellow Magic Orchestra
- Reid, Gordon. "Ken Freeman & The Birth Of String Synthesis". Sound on Sound. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- notable users
- Robyn Flans. "Classic Tracks: Toto's "Africa"". MIX (Aug 1, 2005). "Paich recorded the opening sound on a Yamaha CS80, ... There was a Yamaha instrument called a GS1, a prototype for the DX7, which at that time was the new little digital synthesizer, so the kalimba sound you hear is that. And we used a CS80, which is very unique."
- Detailed info page
- VintageSynth.com Article
- Yahoo! Group for CS-80 fans and owners
- Yamaha CS Series Servicing Guide and Troubleshooting Notes