Yamaha XG (EXtended General MIDI) is an extension to the General MIDI standard, created by Yamaha. It is similar in purpose to Roland's GS Standard. Relative to General MIDI, XG gained popularity by increasing the number of available instruments from 128 to over 600, and introduced a large set of standard controllers and parameters that composers could employ to achieve greater subtlety and realism in their compositions. The XG also has a synthesizer that provides a 32 note polyphonic feature which is shared through the supported 16 MIDI channels. XG has a wide range of sounds to form such complex chords and produces a vast variety of lower synthesizer sounds to choose from. In 1994, Yamaha released the first XG-based product: Yamaha MU80 Tone Generator. In 1995, Yamaha released the first XG-based product for PC users, the DB50XG daughterboard, a Creative Wave Blaster competitor. In 1996, Yamaha released MU10 external module, basically a DB50XG in a case and later the SW60XG ISA PC card. Coupled with their tone-generator, both devices included an on-board 4MB sound bank chip of sampled instruments and became highly desirable among MIDI fans due to their crisp, high-quality sounds similar to the newer models of Roland Sound Canvas. These devices feature an effects processing system with individual stereo reverb and chorus effects on any of 16 channels, and the ability to route any of the channels through an additional 'insertion' effect, and even guitar amp and wah-wah pedal simulations. Yamaha's in-house song-writers often utilized these tools to demonstrate the power of the XG format, notably recreating Jimi Hendrix leads complete with feedback, flamenco guitar with distinct pick/hammered notes and finger slides, growling saxophones, and even a very convincing sitar.
The DB50XG and SW60XG are discontinued, but the SW1000XG (also discontinued) has been popular in the professional music industry, and many of Yamaha's amateur and professional keyboards implement either XG or a subset, known as "XGlite". Many notebooks include the Yamaha YMF7xx chipset which has a scaled-down XG-compatible MIDI synth. Available only in Japan also is a DB60XG, effectively a DB50XG with an analog input.
The Yamaha S-YXG50 SoftSynthesizer, which is discontinued, is an entirely software-based XG-compatible MIDI synth. It used a 2 MB or 4 MB wavetable sound set, and was common among non-professional users who needed a cheap, high-quality MIDI synthesizer for purposes such as playing games that rely on MIDI to produce music and sound effects.
Korg, due to its close relationship with Yamaha, released three instruments with XG compatibility:
- the NS5R, which offered XG compatibility through an add-in daughterboard;
- the NX5R, electronically similar to the NS5R, except that the daughterboard is part of the instrument;
- the N-series of keyboards and modules.
Korg was the only manufacturer outside of Yamaha to produce XG-certified instruments.
- Yamaha Corporation (1996). "Yamaha XG format specifications, v1.26" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2006-09-26. Retrieved 2008-04-23.
- Get many XG MIDI Files on BlueMan Web Site : XG Creation, French Variety (some with karaoké), International Success, Movies and TV, Jazz, Classic
- Article on the S-YXG50 Yamaha Software, including XG sound demos files in .WMA format (in French)
- Yamaha's Product Archive – DB50XG
- Yamaha's Product Archive – SW60XG
- Yamaha's Product Archive – SW1000XG
- Theodor Lauppert: Games and General MIDI
- Sealed's Deep Synthesis Page – YAMAHA XG editable MU10, DB50XG, SW60XG, QS300
- Yamaha Manual Library
- Yamaha XG programming