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Mission type Communication
Operator Gazprom Space Systems
COSPAR ID 2012-070A
Mission duration 15 years (planned)
11 years (expected after launch failure)
Spacecraft properties
Bus Spacebus 4000C3
Manufacturer Thales Alenia Space
Launch mass 5,250 kilograms (11,570 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 8 December 2012, 13:13:43 (2012-12-08UTC13:13:43Z) UTC
Rocket Proton-M/Briz-M
Launch site Baikonur 200/39
Contractor ILS
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Geostationary
Longitude 55° East
Band 46 J band (IEEE Ku band)

Yamal-402 is a Russian geostationary communications satellite. It was launched on 8 December 2012, 13:13:43 UTC from Site 200/39 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.[1] It was built by Thales Alenia Space, and is based on the Spacebus 4000C3 satellite bus. It is equipped with 46 J band (IEEE Ku band) transponders.[2] It has a design life of 15 years, but reducing to 11 years expected after launch partial failure.[3]

Launch problem[edit]

On 8 December 2012, Khrunichev Center and International Launch Services reported an anomaly during the launch of the Yamal-402. Briz-M stage failure 4 minutes before scheduled shut down on its fourth burn.[4][5]

On 10 December 2012, specialists from Thales Alenia Space carried out maneuvers to bring the satellite into its designated orbit after a premature separation from Briz-M, the upper stage of a Proton-M carrier rocket.[6]

On 15 December 2012, Yamal-402 was taken to its planned geostationary orbit at the altitude of 36,000 km following a series of four adjustment operations.[7]


  1. ^ "December 2012 Launch Calendar". Spaceflight101. 
  2. ^ "Yamal-402 at SatBeams". SatBeams. 
  3. ^ "Yamal-402 at Gunter's Space Page". Gunter's Space Page. 
  4. ^ "ILS Declares Proton Launch Anomaly". ILS. 8 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "ILS Proton-M launches with Yamal-402 satellite". NASA Spaceflight. 8 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Thales Makes Second Attempt to Adjust Yamal Orbit". RIA Novosti. 10 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "Troubled Russian Satellite Reaches Designated Orbit". RIA Novosti. 15 December 2012.