Yambol Province

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Coordinates: 42°25′N 26°31′E / 42.417°N 26.517°E / 42.417; 26.517

Yambol Province
Област Ямбол
Province
Location of Yambol Province in Bulgaria
Location of Yambol Province in Bulgaria
Country Bulgaria
Capital Yambol
Municipalities 5
Government
 • Governor Valentin Ivanov
Area[1]
 • Total 3,355.5 km2 (1,295.6 sq mi)
Population (February 2011)[2]
 • Total 131 447
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
License plate Y
Website yambol.government.bg

Yambol (Bulgarian: област Ямбол, oblast Yambol, former name Yambol okrug) is a province in southeastern Bulgaria, neighbouring Turkey to the south. It is named after its main city Yambol, while other towns include Straldzha, Bolyarovo and Elhovo. The province embraces a territory of 3,355.5 km²[1] that is divided into 5 municipalities with a total population, as of December 2009, of 138,429 inhabitants.[2][3][4]

Municipalities[edit]

Map of Yambol Province

The Yambol province (oбласт, oblast) contains five municipalities (Bulgarian: singular: oбщина, obshtina - plural: oбщини, obshtini). The following table shows the names of each municipality in English and Cyrillic, the main town or village (towns are shown in bold), and the population of each as of December 2009.

Municipality Cyrillic Pop.[2][3][4] Town/Village Pop.[3][5][6]
Bolyarovo Болярово 4,415 Bolyarovo 1,303
Elhovo Елхово 16,757 Elhovo 10,553
Straldzha Стралджа 13,655 Straldzha 6,021
Tundzha (rural) Тунджа 26,428 Yambol see below
Yambol (city) Ямбол 77,174 Yambol 77,174

History and background[edit]

The motto of the town of Yambol is "Coming from the remote past, going to the future". Archaeological findings in the area date back to the year 6000 BC, to the time of Roman Emperor Diocletian's reign when the castle, called Diospolis, was built on the location of the present modern town. The best preserved historical sites, dating back to the fifteenth century, are the bazar "Bezisten" and the mosque "Esky Djamia", which have been restored and are functioning at present. Other historical sites of interest are the prehistoric tumulus by the village of Drama, the remains of Yambol Mediaeval castle and the Monastery of the Middle Ages in Voden.

Yambol is home to the ancient settlement of Kabile, a national archaeological reserve and a nature preserved site, being the most important Thracian settlement in Bulgaria. In modern study of ancient Thrace it has already been proved that Kabile was the most prominent political, economic and religious centre from the first millennium BC. The archaeological investigations of the ancient city that have taken place in the last thirty years have revealed a great number of artefacts (stone inscriptions, coins, ceramic ware and remains of building activities) dating from times over a millennium long history. Most of the discovered artefacts have already been published and used as a data for archaeological and historical studies.

Population[edit]

The Yambol province had a population of 156,080 (156,070 also given) according to a 2001 census, of which 49.2% were male and 50.8% were female.[7] As of the end of 2009, the population of the province, announced by the Bulgarian National Statistical Institute, numbered 138,429[2] of which 27% are inhabitants aged over 60 years.[8]

The following table represents the change of the population in the province after World War II:

Yambol Province
Year 1946 1956 1965 1975 1985 1992 2001 2005 2007 2009 2011
Population 211,152 221,629 216,963 183,214 183,029 176,552 156,070 147,000 143,500 138,429 131 447
Sources: National Statistical Institute,[2] „Census 2001“,[3] „Census 2011“,[4] „pop-stat.mashke.org“,??

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic groups in Yambol Province (2011 census)
Ethnic group Percentage
Bulgarians
  
86.9%
Gypsies
  
8.5%
Turks
  
2.9%
others and indefinable
  
1.7%

Total population (2011 census): 131 447[9]
Ethnic groups (2011 census):[10] Identified themselves: 123 062 persons:

  • Bulgarians: 106 884 (86,85%)
  • Gypsies: 10 433 (8,48%)
  • Turks: 3 600 (2,93%)
  • Others and indefinable: 2 145 (1,74%)

Religion[edit]

Religions in Yambol Province (2001 census)
Religious group Percentage
Orthodox Christian
  
88.2%
Muslim
  
2.3%
Protestant Christian
  
1.8%
Roman Catholic Christian
  
0.1%
others and indefinable
  
7.5%

Religious adherence in the province according to 2001 census:[11]

Census 2001
religious adherence population  %
Orthodox Christians 137,655 88.20%
Muslims 3,700 2.37%
Protestants 2,741 1.76%
Roman Catholics 224 0.14%
Other 916 0.59%
Religion not mentioned 10,834 6.94%
total 156,070 100%

Famous residents[edit]

Yambol is the native place of the popular artists George Papazov and John Popov. The computer inventor John Atanasoff has family roots in the district - his father was born in a village Boyadjik, which is near Yambol.

Topology and natural resources[edit]

The Tundja River, the fourth of its size with an earth embankment, flows through the district, and mineral water wells are found near the village of Stefan Caradjovo. The territory of the area covers the middle part of the river valley, the Bakadjitsi, parts of the Svetiliiski, Derventski and Manastirski uplands, with the hilly plain relief predominating 100-150m above sea level. The northern areas of Tundja valley are characterized by a transcontinental climate, while the southern parts have a typical continental/Mediterranean climate. The average annual temperatures are between 12 and 12.5°C. Agricultural lands take 76.9% of the whole district territory, and the forests 15.5% of it. The wood resources include elm, willow, poplar and oak.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (English) Bulgarian Provinces area and population 1999 — National Center for Regional Development — page 90-91
  2. ^ a b c d e (English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - Bulgarian provinces and municipalities in 2009
  3. ^ a b c d (English) „WorldCityPopulation“
  4. ^ a b c „pop-stat.mashke.org“
  5. ^ (English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - Bulgarian towns in 2009
  6. ^ „pop-stat.mashke.org“
  7. ^ (Bulgarian) Population to 01.03.2001 by Area and Sex from Bulgarian National Statistical Institute: Census 2001
  8. ^ (English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - Population by age in 2009
  9. ^ (Bulgarian) Population on 01.02.2011 by provinces, municipalities, settlements and age; National Statistical Institute
  10. ^ Population by province, municipality, settlement and ethnic identification, by 01.02.2011; Bulgarian National Statistical Institute (Bulgarian)
  11. ^ (Bulgarian) Religious adherence in Bulgaria - census 2001