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Yаmi Qaghan(Old Turkic: , Jаmï qaγan, Chinese: 啓民可汗, 啟民可汗/启民可汗, Modern Chinese: (Pinyin): qǐmín kěhàn, (Wade-Giles): ch'i-min k'o-han, Middle Chinese: (Guangyun) [kʰiei˥mi̯en˩ kʰɑ˥ɣɑn˩˥]), personal name: Ashina Jankan (阿史那染幹/阿史那染干, āshǐnà rǎngān, a-shih-na jan-kan, [ʔɑʃi̯ə˥nɑ˩ nʑi̯ɛm˥kɑn˩˥]), at one point known as Tolis Qaghan (突利可汗, , Töles qaγan) and after (意利珍豆啟民可汗/意利珍豆启民可汗, yìlì zhēndòu qǐmín kěhàn, yi-li-chen-tou ch'i-min k'o-han), son of Ishbara Qaghan (Ashina Shetu), was the eighth qaghan of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate.
He conspired with princess Dai to overthrow Sui dynasty, but later killed her on Sui orders to marry the princess Anyi, who in turn was assassinated by Yung-Yulu. He fled to China, and returned only after the death of Tulan Qaghan. He married Princess Yicheng, and ruled as a Chinese vassal. Succeeded by Shibi Qaghan the ninth qaghan.
|Khagan of the Eastern Turkic Khaganate
- 薛宗正, 突厥史, 中国社会科学出版社, 北京 (Xue Zongzheng, Tujie Shi, Chinese Social Sciences Press, Beijing, 1992, ISBN 7-5004-0432-8 / K-49 (精), p. 265.
- Zhenping Wang, Ambassadors from the islands of immortals: China-Japan relations in the Han-Tang period, University of Hawaii Press, 2005, ISBN 978-0-8248-2871-4, p. 140.
- Zhu Zhenhong, "Taohuashi and Tiankehan (Tangri Qaghan)", Eurasian History 朱振宏,「桃花石」與「天可汗」, 欧亚学研究
- Memorial Complex Eletmiš Yabgu (Bilge atačim), TÜRIK BITIG
- Book of Sui, vol. 84.
- History of the Northern Dynasties, vol. 99.
- Zizhi Tongjian, vols. 178, 179, 180, 181.