Yampa River

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Coordinates: 40°31′44″N 108°59′3″W / 40.52889°N 108.98417°W / 40.52889; -108.98417
Yampa River
River
Yampa River - old No. 87. Similar to No. 699 - no negative on file., 1871 - 1878 - NARA - 517742.jpg
The Yampa River, c. 1871–1878
Country United States
State Colorado
Tributaries
 - left Bear River, Williams Fork
 - right Elk River, Little Snake River
Cities Steamboat Springs, Craig
Source Rocky Mountains
 - elevation 7,833 ft (2,387 m) [1]
 - coordinates 40°9′30″N 106°53′59″W / 40.15833°N 106.89972°W / 40.15833; -106.89972 [2]
Mouth Green River
 - location Dinosaur National Monument
 - elevation 5,080 ft (1,548 m) [1]
 - coordinates 40°31′44″N 108°59′3″W / 40.52889°N 108.98417°W / 40.52889; -108.98417 [2]
Length 250 mi (402 km) [3]
Basin 7,660 sq mi (19,839 km2) [4]
Discharge for Deerlodge Park
 - average 2,069 cu ft/s (58.59 m3/s) [4]
 - max 33,200 cu ft/s (940.12 m3/s)
 - min 1.9 cu ft/s (0.05 m3/s)
The Yampa River is shown on this map of the Green River watershed

The Yampa River is a 250 mi (402 km) long river in northwestern Colorado, of the Southwestern United States. It is a tributary of the Green River, and so contributes into the Colorado River. The Yampa has the second-largest watershed in the state of Colorado.[citation needed]

The name is derived from the Snake Indians word for the Perideridia plant, which has an edible root. John C. Frémont was among the first to record the name 'Yampah' in entries of his journal from 1843, as he found the plant was particularly abundant in the watershed.

Geography[edit]

Course[edit]

The Yampa River is formed from the confluence of the Bear River and Phillips Creek just east of the town of Yampa in northwestern Colorado in Routt County.[2] From Yampa, Colorado, the river flows north through Steamboat Springs, where it turns abruptly west. Near the small town of Milner the Elk River joins the Yampa which continues west in the plateau region along the north side of the Williams Fork Mountains, past the town of Craig. It is joined by the Little Snake River in Lilly Park,[Moffat County, Colorado]. Finally, the Yampa meets the Green at Echo Park in Dinosaur National Monument, near the border with Utah.[2]

The Yampa River Valley, seen from a high overlook.

Volume[edit]

The Yampa River forms a noticeably wide, shallow stream throughout much of its course. The lower three fourths of the Yampa, from the Elk river down, are navigable by small craft. However the meandering, shallow nature of the river can render the river unnavigable during late summer in low water years. The discharge of the Yampa varies from about 600 ft³/s (17 m³/s) during low water summers to 20,000 ft³/s (600 m³/s) in spring runoff. Average flow at its confluence with the Green is about 2500 ft³/s (71 m³/s).

Diversion proposal[edit]

In December, 2006, a report proposed to pump water from the Yampa River 200 miles east, under the Continental Divide, to the state's major cities along the Front Range. The diversion was proposed to start near Maybell, 20 miles (32 km) downstream of Craig, Colorado .[5][6]

The proposal faces widespread opposition because it could lower river flows in late summer due to the diversion.[citation needed] The Yampa is one of the West's last wild rivers since it has only a few small dams and diversions.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]