Yan Huiqing

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Yan Huiqing
Yan Huiqing.jpg
President of the Republic of China
In office
13 May 1926 – 22 June 1926
Preceded by Hu Weide
Succeeded by Du Xigui
Premier of the Republic of China
In office
18 December 1921 – 24 December 1921
Preceded by Jin Yunpeng
Succeeded by Zhang Xun
In office
25 January 1922 – 8 April 1922
Preceded by Zhang Xun
Succeeded by Zhou Ziqi
In office
11 June 1922 – 5 August 1922
Preceded by Zhou Ziqi
Succeeded by Wang Chonghui
In office
14 September 1924 – 31 October 1924
Preceded by Wellington Koo
Succeeded by Huang Fu
In office
13 May 1926 – 22 June 1926
Preceded by Hu Weide
Succeeded by Du Xigui
Personal details
Born (1877-04-02)2 April 1877
Died 24 May 1950(1950-05-24) (aged 73)
Political party Anhui clique

Yan Huiqing (Wade–Giles: Yen Hui-Ch'ing, (Name in English: Yen, Wei Ching Williams or W.W. Yen) 顏惠慶 (2 April 1877 – 24 May 1950) was a Chinese writer, politician, and diplomat from Shanghai.

Biography[edit]

A graduate of the University of Virginia, he taught the English language at St. John's University, Shanghai in a short time after coming back from the United States and then went to Beijing to start his political career. It was in the US he became a Freemason.

He served as premier five times and simultaneously as acting president on his last premiership in 1926. Wu Peifu handpicked him for the acting presidency to pave the way for Cao Kun's restoration but he was unable to take office due to Zhang Zuolin's objection. When Yan finally took his post, he immediately resigned and appointed navy minister Du Xigui as his successor.

He was also China's first ambassador to the Soviet Union and he was a delegate in the League of Nations. During World War II, he translated and compiled Stories of Old China in Hong Kong while under Japanese house-arrest in 1942. He took his first plane trip in 1949 to Moscow in hopes of resolving the Chinese Civil War.

Political offices
Preceded by
Jin Yunpeng
Premier of China
1921
Succeeded by
Liang Shiyi
Preceded by
Liang Shiyi
Premier of China
1922
Succeeded by
Zhou Ziqi
Preceded by
Zhou Ziqi
Premier of China
1922
Succeeded by
Wang Chonghui
Preceded by
Gu Weijun
Premier of China
1924
Succeeded by
Huang Fu
Preceded by
Hu Weide
President of the Republic of China
1926
Succeeded by
Du Xigui
Preceded by
Hu Weide
Premier of China
1926
Succeeded by
Du Xigui