Yancheng

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Yancheng
盐城市
Prefecture-level city
Yancheng is highlighted on this map
Yancheng is highlighted on this map
Yancheng is located in China
Yancheng
Yancheng
Location in China
Coordinates: 33°23′N 120°7′E / 33.383°N 120.117°E / 33.383; 120.117Coordinates: 33°23′N 120°7′E / 33.383°N 120.117°E / 33.383; 120.117
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jiangsu
Government
 • Type Prefecture-level city
 • CPCYancheng Secretary Zhao Peng (赵鹏)
 • Mayor Li Qiang (李强)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 16,920.83 km2 (6,533.17 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,914 km2 (739 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Prefecture-level city 7,260,240
 • Density 430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,615,717
 • Metro 1,615,717
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 224000
(Urban center)
224100-224700
(Other areas)
Area code(s) 515
GDP ¥191.7 billion (2009)
GDP per capita ¥25,553 (2009)
Major Nationalities Han
County-level divisions 9
Township-level divisions 144
License Plate Prefix 苏J
Website http://www.yancheng.gov.cn
Yancheng
Traditional Chinese 鹽城
Simplified Chinese 盐城
Hanyu Pinyin Yánchéng
Literal meaning Salt City

Yancheng (Chinese: 盐城; pinyin: Yánchéng) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China. The city with the largest jurisdiction area in Jiangsu, Yancheng borders Lianyungang to the north, Huai'an to the west, Yangzhou and Taizhou to the southwest, Nantong to the south, and looks out to the Yellow Sea to the east.

Yancheng, literally "Salt City", is named after the salt harvest fields that surround the city. According to historical records,[which?] collection and production of sea salt in the region began as early as 119 BC during the Western Han Dynasty, when the settlement on the current location of Yancheng was named Yandu County (鹽都縣). According to the 2010 Census, Yancheng has a registered population of 8,203,728 — with 7,260,240 permanent residents.[1] Its built up area made of Tinghu and Yandu Districts, was home to 1,615,717 inhabitants in 2010.

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Yancheng administers 9 county-level divisions, including 2 districts, 2 county-level cities and 5 counties. The population information here presented uses 2010 census data of permanent residents.

Map Subdivision Hanzi Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km2) Density
City Proper
Tinghu District 亭湖区 Tínghú Qū 904,417 896 1,009
Yandu District 盐都区 Yándū Qū 711,300 1,018 699
Rural
Xiangshui County 响水县 Xiǎngshuǐ Xiàn 509,524 1,461 349
Binhai County 滨海县 Bīnhǎi Xiàn 956,162 1,880 509
Funing County 阜宁县 Fùníng Xiàn 843,275 1,439 586
Jianhu County 建湖县 Jiànhú Xiàn 741,646 1,154 643
Sheyang County 射阳县 Shèyáng Xiàn 896,639 2,855 314
Satellite cities (County-level cities)
Dongtai 东台市 Dōngtái Shì 990,208 2,340 423
Dafeng 大丰市 Dàfēng Sh 707,069 3,059 231
Total 7,260,240 16,920 429

History[edit]

Yancheng has a history of 2,100 years since the first canton was founded here in Han Dynasty at year 119 BC. It was named for the salt reserves in rivers around the area, its name literally meaning "Salt City". In later years, the city was the home of Fan Zhongyan, the 12th century statesman and Shi Nai'an, the reputed author of famous novels.[2]

Yancheng was in the limelight during the Chinese Civil War from the 1930s to 1940s. The New Fourth Army led by the Communist Party of China was reestablished in Yancheng after being ambushed and battered by the enemy. After the revival, the Army played a very important role in the war and finally the foundation of the People's Republic of China. Many monuments in honor of these heroes can still be found around Yancheng.[2]

Geography and climate[edit]

Yancheng occupies the flat coastal plains of Eastern Jiangsu. Those areas not cultivated are mainly marshlands, which are home to several endangered species, including the Red-crowned Crane and the Pere David's deer. Yancheng has a temperate climate with fairly mild winters and distinctly tropical late summers.

Transportation[edit]

Recent development of transportation infrastructure in Northern Jiangsu has directly impacted Yancheng, which is located on the Xinyi-Changxing Railway, completed in 2005. The Yancheng train station opened in 2006, and Yancheng now offers overnight train service (on Train T156) to Beijing. Yancheng is also the endpoint of the Ningjingyan Expressway as well as a major stop on the Coastal Expressway, connecting it with Shanghai.

Transportation by bus is available on a flowing basis to Lianyungang as well as neighbouring counties Funing, Sheyang, Binhai, and Xiangshui.

Yancheng's BRT (bus rapid transport) system uses a dedicated bus lane and allows daily unlimited ridership for 1 RMB per day.

Economy[edit]

Yancheng's financial income used to rely heavily on agricultural industry. In 2002, Yancheng's economy has been boosted by an initial joint venture between Kia Motors and Dongfeng Automotive Group, with the creation of the Yancheng Plant. The plant was expanded in 2007.[3]

Education[edit]

The city hosts numerous higher learning institutions, including Yancheng Teachers' University, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Yancheng Nursing College,Yancheng Textile Vocational College and Yancheng Transport Technology College.

Yancheng Radio and Television University is a branch of this national educational giant in the city.

Yancheng Middle School (盐中), founded by the Kuomintang, is recognized as one of the best in Jiangsu province, currently ranked the 4th best middle school in the province. It has over 6000 students and the school offers a variety of subjects to choose from.

The city has well instituted compulsory primary education system. The secondary schools including high schools achieves significant graduate rate. Its adult vocational education system has brought diverse programs to its labor forces.

Tourism[edit]

Outdoor activities include the Yangcheng Wetlands and Salt marshes, home of some unique and endangered species, including Père David's Deer and the Red-crowned Crane. There is also a famous food street in east road springing up in recent years in which stands many restaurants in a style of Huizhou architecture.

Notable people[edit]

A number of notable people were born in Yancheng. Lu Xiufu (1236-1279), one of the "Three heroes of the late Song Dynasty", was born in modern day Jianhu County in Yancheng. During the battle of Yamen against Mongols on March 19, 1279, He carried the eight-year old Emperor Bing of Song on his back and jumped into the sea, symbolizing the end of Southern Song Dynasty. Qiao Guanhua (1913–1983) was the Chinese Foreign Minister during the 1970s and he was the first top Chinese diplomat at the UN after the legitimate position of China was restored during the Cold War. Hu Qiaomu (1912–1992) served as a member of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee, Director of the Party Literature Research Centre of the Central Committee, Director of the Party History Research Centre of the Central Committee and President of the Chinese Academy of Social Science in the 1980s. Two of them are referred to "Two Qiao" of Yancheng.[2]

Twin cities[edit]

Yancheng is twinned with the following domestic and foreign cities.

Domestic[edit]

International[edit]

Formal paper to be signed[edit]

In addition, the county-level city of Dafeng, administered by Yancheng, is also twinned with Ascoli Piceno, Italy (September 2001) and Guri, South Korea (February 20, 2003) respectively.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China
  2. ^ a b c Yancheng Introduction (Yancheng Middle School)
  3. ^ "Kia to Launch New China Plant in 2007 as 430,000units per year capacity. The 3rd plant of 300,000units kicked off construction in Yancheong with scheduled completion in 2014. Dongfeng Yueda Kia company.". WardsAuto.com, Vince Courtenay, Nov 15, 2006. 

External links[edit]