Yanchep

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Yanchep
PerthWestern Australia
Yanchep sunset.jpg
Sunset over Loch McNess in Yanchep National Park
Yanchep is located in Perth
Yanchep
Yanchep
Coordinates 31°33′00″S 115°38′02″E / 31.55°S 115.634°E / -31.55; 115.634Coordinates: 31°33′00″S 115°38′02″E / 31.55°S 115.634°E / -31.55; 115.634
Population 4,247 (2011 census)[1]
 • Density 19.182/km2 (49.682/sq mi)
Established 1970
Postcode(s) 6035
Area 221.4 km2 (85.5 sq mi)
Location 56 km (35 mi) N of Perth City
LGA(s) City of Wanneroo
State electorate(s) Mindarie
Federal Division(s) Pearce
Suburbs around Yanchep:
Two Rocks
Indian Ocean Yanchep Pinjar
Eglinton Carabooda

Yanchep is an outer coastal suburb of Perth, Western Australia, 56 kilometres (35 mi) north of Perth's central business district. It is part of the City of Wanneroo local government area. Originally a small crayfishing settlement, it was developed by entrepreneur Alan Bond in the 1970s for the 1977 America's Cup. The area covers the urban centre of Yanchep as well as Yanchep National Park in its entirety.

Geography[edit]

Yanchep is bounded to the north-west by Two Rocks and to the south by the rural localities of Eglinton, Carabooda and Pinjar. The non-metropolitan Shires of Gingin and Chittering surround Yanchep's northern and eastern boundaries. West of Yanchep is the Indian Ocean.

Its boundaries as a suburb are extremely large, covering over 220 square kilometres (85 sq mi) and taking up almost the entire northern and north-eastern portion of the City of Wanneroo.[2] Despite this, Yanchep's urban concentration is almost entirely located in a small enclave around Yanchep Beach Road, near the coast.

History[edit]

The lands comprising Yanchep were initially used as a sheep station, up until 1970 when Alan Bond bought approximately 8,100 hectares (20,000 acres) of land in the area. Bond Corporation presented designs for "Yanchep Sun City" - a future satellite city of over 200,000 residents.[3] The area's first houses were built in 1972, and the marina at nearby Two Rocks was built as part of the same project two years later. However, sales of homes in the area had already slowed down by 1974. In 1977, the project was bought out by Tokyu Corporation after Bond Corporation began experiencing financial difficulties.[4]

In the Western Australian State Government's "Directions 2031" urban expansion plan, Yanchep was once again highlighted as a future satellite city and major metropolitan centre.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Yanchep had a population of 2,482 at the ABS 2006 census, a marginal increase of 450 persons since the 2001 census.[6] The population is predicted to continue growing gradually, hitting 20,702 in 2031.[7] 61.4% were born in Australia, just below the national average of 70.9%. Like many other northern suburbs of Perth, a significant British minority is present, comprising 17.2%.

The population share an average age of 38, in line with the national average of 37. Income levels in Yanchep are noticeably below the Australian national average, with a median household income of $828 per week compared to $1,027 per week nationally.[8]

In 2011, 46.5% of Yanchep residents declared a denomination of Christianity as their religious affiliation, with Anglicanism being the most populous at 24.5%. However, the highest response was 30.6% who declared no religion.[9] This compared with the 2006 results where 45.7% of Yanchep residents declared a denomination of Christianity as their religious affiliation, with Anglicanism being the most populous at 23.1% and 27.6% declared no religion.

Amenities and facilities[edit]

As a suburb, Yanchep has few conventional facilities. A very small shopping precinct on Village Row contains a bottle shop, a medical centre, a pharmacy, a real estate agency, a hairdresser and an IGA Xpress shop, providing basic needs. A new shopping centre containing a woolworths, news agency, red dot, fish and chip café, hair-dresser and room for more shops has recently been opened. A bakery, fresh seafood outlet, surf shop, hardware store, garden centre, vet and various other businesses are also located in the industrial area a few hundred metres from the shopping centre. Residents generally rely on Butler, Clarkson and Joondalup, 15-30km south, for more shops and public services.

Yanchep is a popular tourist destination. There is beachside accommodation and popular caravan sites and there is also the Yanchep Inn in the National Park.

Yanchep National Park includes guided tours of Crystal Cave, bush walks, koala displays, and the Loch McNess lake. During the 1980s the area was home to popular tourist attractions including Atlantis Marine Park (in Two Rocks) and the Sun City Marina.

While there is no hospital at Yanchep, the area has a medical facility, and also has one large dedicated aged care facility [10] with 160 high care beds available, reducing the need for travel for local families.

Education[edit]

There is one large K-12 school in the area, Yanchep District High School. The school was established in 1975 as a K-7 primary school, then later reclassified as a high school.[11] It covers a wide catchment area, primarily serving students in Yanchep, Two Rocks and Carabooda, as well as the non-metropolitan rural town of Woodridge in the north.[12] Senior Yanchep students from Year 11 onwards have the option of attending Mindarie Senior College or Clarkson Community High School, both some 17 kilometres south.

Transport[edit]

Yanchep Beach Road, one of the suburb's main distributor roads, links to Australian State Route 71.svg Marmion Avenue and Australian State Route 60.svg Wanneroo Road, two north-south arterial roads that link Yanchep to the rest of metropolitan Perth. Marmion Avenue was extended to Yanchep in 2008; Wanneroo Road was the only route to Yanchep from Perth prior to the extension.

Two bus routes serve Yanchep, running from Two Rocks to Butler railway station, 10 kilometres to the south in Butler.[13] It is the nearest public transport hub to Yanchep, providing further bus and rail links to the regional city of Joondalup, as well as Perth's central business district.

Politics[edit]

Like many other northern Perth suburbs, Yanchep's population strongly supports Liberal at Federal level, but Labor at State level. Residents initially had strong support for the One Nation minority party, but since One Nation's decline have turned to The Greens.

2010 Federal Election
Source: AEC
  Liberal 47.1%
  Labor 32.4%
  Greens 14.7%
  CDP 2.2%
  Family First 2%
2007 Federal Election
Source: AEC
  Liberal 50.7%
  Labor 29.7%
  Greens 9.4%
  CDP 3.4%
  One Nation 2%
2004 Federal Election
Source: AEC
  Liberal 51.6%
  Labor 31.3%
  Greens 7.5%
  One Nation 4.6%
  CDP 2.3%
2001 Federal Election
Source: AEC
  Liberal 38.5%
  Labor 32.1%
  One Nation 8.9%
  Greens 8.1%
  Democrats 4.7%
2008 State Election
Source: WAEC
  Labor 42.7%
  Liberal 35.6%
  Greens 10.5%
  Family First 2.8%
  CDP 2.2%
2005 State Election
Source: WAEC
  Labor 42.2%
  Liberal 39.9%
  Greens 4.3%
  One Nation 2.5%
  Family First 2%
2001 State Election
Source: WAEC
  Labor 39.5%
  Liberal 27.1%
  One Nation 15.7%
  Greens 5.7%
  Independent 3.2%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "State Suburbs: Yanchep". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  2. ^ City of Wanneroo. "Suburb Maps". 
  3. ^ Ketupa.net. "Bond, Bell and Holmes a Court". 
  4. ^ Sun City Holidays. "About the Area". 
  5. ^ Department of Planning. "Draft Urban Expansion Plan". 
  6. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (19 November 2002). "Community Profile Series : Yanchep (State Suburb)". 2001 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 2011-09-24. 
  7. ^ .id. "City of Wanneroo Population Forecasts - Yanchep". 
  8. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Community Profile Series : Yanchep (State Suburb)". 2006 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 2011-09-24. 
  9. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "State Suburbs: Yanchep". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  10. ^ Yanchep Aged Care
  11. ^ thisreview.com.au. "Yanchep District High School". 
  12. ^ Department of Education, Western Australia. "Yanchep District High School (4136)". 
  13. ^ Timetable%2083%2020140921.pdf Northern 83 timetable, Transperth, effective from the opening of Butler station.

External links[edit]