Yang Du

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Yang Du
楊度
Yang Duo.jpg
Yang Du
Director of the National Bureau of Statistics
In office
1911–1912
Emperor Puyi
Senator of the Senate
In office
1914–1914
Emperor Yuan Shikai
Personal details
Born Yang Chengzan (楊承瓉)
1875
Xiangtan, Hunan, China
Died 1931 (aged 55–56)
Shanghai, China
Political party Kuomintang (1922 - 1929)
Chinese Communist Party (1929 - 1931)
Spouse(s) Huang Hua (黃華)
Xu Canleng (徐粲楞)
Children Yang Gongshu (楊公庶), Yang Gongzhao (楊公兆), Yang Yunhui (楊雲慧), Yang Yunbi (楊雲碧), Yang Gongsu (楊公素), Yang Gongmin (楊公敏), Yang Yunjie (楊雲潔), Yang Gongwu (楊公武)
Alma mater Hongwen Academy
Hosei University
Occupation Politician
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Yang.

Yang Du (simplified Chinese: 杨度; traditional Chinese: 楊度; pinyin: Yáng Dù; 1875 – 17 September 1931) was a Chinese politician.[1]

Names[edit]

His birthname was Yang Chengzan (Chinese: 楊承瓚). His style name was Xizi (Chinese: 皙子) and his pseudonym was Hugong (Chinese: 虎公), Huchan (Chinese: 虎禪), Huchanshi (Chinese: 虎禪師), Hutoutuo (Chinese: 虎頭陀), and Shihu (Chinese: 釋虎).

Biography[edit]

Yang was born into a family of farming background in the village of Shitang (Chinese: 石塘村), in the town of Jiangyu (Chinese: 姜畬镇), Xiangtan in Hunan province.[2] His grandfather, Yang Litang (Chinese: 楊禮堂), was a soldier of the Xiang Army. His father, Yang Yisheng (Chinese: 楊懿生), was a farmer.[2] Yang was the elder of three children. His father died of illness when he was 10 years old, Yang was raised by his uncle, Yang Ruisheng (Chinese: 楊瑞生).[2]

Yang studied under Wang Kaiyun (Chinese: 王闿運).[2] His classmates such as: Xia Shoutian (Chinese: 夏壽田), Yang Rui (Chinese: 楊銳), Liu Guangdi (Chinese: 劉光第), Liu Kuiyi (Chinese: 劉揆一), and Qi Baishi (Chinese: 齊白石).[2]

In 1902, Yang went to Japan, studying in Hongwen Academy (Chinese: 弘文學院).[2] In 1904, Yang studied politics in Hosei University.[2]

In 1911, Yang served as the Director of the National Bureau of Statistics.[2][3] In 1914, Yang became a senator in the senate. When Yuan Shikai died,Yang became a buddhist.[2]

In 1922, Yang joined the Kuomintang in Shanghai.[2] In 1929, Yang joined the Chinese Communist Party.[2][4][5]

In September 1931, Yang died of illness in Shanghai.[2]

Personal Life[edit]

Yang had two sons with Huang Hua (Chinese: 黃華) and six with Xu Canleng (Chinese: 徐粲楞) (three sons and three daughters).

With Huang Hua:

  • Dr. Yang Gongzhao (Chinese: 楊公兆), geographer, he was a graduate student in geology at the Berlin University.

With Xu Canleng:

  • Yang Yunhui (Chinese: 楊雲慧), dramatist.
  • Yang Yunbi (Chinese: 楊雲碧)
  • Yang Gongsu (Chinese: 楊公素)
  • Yang Gongmin (Chinese: 楊公敏)
  • Yang Yunjie (Chinese: 楊雲潔)
  • Yang Gongwu (Chinese: 楊公武)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 徐雁平:作为根基的学术研究 评《清代人物生卒年表》 引《杨度传》,杨度生于同治十三年十二月初八日
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "杨度:从湖湘秀才到中共党员 中国近代史上一奇人" (in zh-hans). 前瞻网. Retrieved 2013. 
  3. ^ "杨度促袁世凯称帝:中央无威信 军队不知为谁战" (in zh-hans). 凤凰网. Retrieved 2013. 
  4. ^ "鼓动袁世凯称帝祸首杨度1929年入中共 周恩来批准" (in zh-hans). 金羊网. Retrieved 2013. 
  5. ^ "从保皇派到地下党员:晚年杨度华丽转身" (in zh-hans). 新华网. Retrieved 2013.