Yangbajain

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Yangbajain
Tibetan transcription(s)
 • Tibetan ཡངས་པ་ཅན།
 • Wylie transliteration yangs pa can
 • pronunciation in IPA [jaŋpatɕɛ̃]
 • official transcription (PRC) Yangbajain
 • THDL Yangpachen
 • other transcriptions Yangpachän
Chinese transcription(s)
 • Traditional 羊八井
 • Simplified 羊八井
 • Pinyin Yángbājǐng
Yangpachen Valley
Yangpachen Valley
Yangbajain is located in Tibet
Yangbajain
Yangbajain
Location within Tibet
Coordinates: 30°5′N 90°33′E / 30.083°N 90.550°E / 30.083; 90.550
Country China
Region Tibet
Prefecture Lhasa Prefecture
County Damxung County
Population
 • Major Nationalities Tibetan
 • Regional dialect Tibetan language
Time zone +8

Yangbajain (also spelled Yangbajing) is a town approximately 87 kilometers (54 mi) north-west of Lhasa, halfway to Damxung in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. The town lies just south of the Nyainqêntanglha Mountains, in an upland lush green valley surrounded by the tents of nomads with grazing yak and sheep populating the hillside. It is the site Yangpachen Monastery, which was historically the seat of the Shamarpas of Karma Kagyü and the Yangbajing International Cosmic Ray Observatory.

The area is famous for the Yangbajain hot springs, which have been harnessed to produce much of the electricity for the capital Lhasa. There is a thermoelectric power plant on the edge of the Yangbajain hot springs field covering 20–30 square kilometers.[1] The thermoelectric power plant was established in 1977, and the first development of geothermal power not only in Tibet but in the whole of China.

The Yangbajain hot springs field is at an altitude of 4290–4500 m[2] which makes it the highest altitude set of hot springs in China, and possibly the world.[3] The highest temperature inside the drilling hole is 125.5°C.[4]

Holy Medical Spring Resort[edit]

The Holy Medical Spring Resort has both two indoor swimming pools and one outdoor swimming pool, all filled with hot springs water.[4] Bathing is allowed at an altitude of 4200m AMSL, likely making it the highest swimming pool in the world.

geothermal power station in Yangbajain
Railway about 20 kilometres north of the town

Yangbajing International Cosmic Ray Observatory[edit]

The YBJ International Cosmic Ray Observatory (羊八井国际宇宙线观测站) is located in the Yangbajing valley of the Tibetan highland, a site chosen for its high altitude at 4300 meters above sea level.[5] Collaborating institutes includes the INFN (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare) and various Chinese and Japanese universities.[6] [7] The KOSMA 3-m submillimeter telescope is being relocated to a nearby site.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Geography
  2. ^ Forecast and evaluation of hot dry rock geothermal resource in China, Zhijun Wan, Yangsheng Zhao and Jianrong Kang, Renewable Energy, Volume 30, Issue 12 , October 2005, Pages 1831-1846.
  3. ^ Chinese cultural organization site making claim that these are the highest altitude hot springs in the world
  4. ^ a b 安才旦. Travel guide to Tibet of China. China Intercontinental Press. p. 28. Retrieved 2010-11-30. 
  5. ^ "羊八井国际宇宙线观测站主页". 高能所网. 2005-09-26. Retrieved July 29, 2008. 
  6. ^ "The ARGO-YBJ Experiment". INFN. 2008-12-03. Retrieved January 29, 2009. 
  7. ^ "The Tibet ASgamma Collaboration". ICRR. 2008-02-02. Retrieved January 29, 2009. 

Coordinates: 30°5′N 90°33′E / 30.083°N 90.550°E / 30.083; 90.550