Van den Bussche and Hoofer, 2004
The Yangochiroptera is a proposed suborder of Chiroptera that includes most of the microbat families, except the Rhinopomatidae, Rhinolophidae and the Megadermatidae. These other families, plus the megabats, are seen as part of another suborder, Yinpterochiroptera.
The rationale for the Yangochiroptera taxon is primarily based on molecular genetics data. The Yangochiroptera/ Yinpterochiroptera classification remains a relatively recent proposal, which challenges the traditional view that megabats and microbats form monophyletic groups of bats. Further studies are being conducted, using both molecular and morphological cladistic methodology, to assess the merit of this alternative view of bat evolution.
The term Yangochiroptera was apparently proposed in 1984 by Karl F. Koopman.
As an alternative to the subordinal names Yinpterochiroptera and Yangochiroptera, some researchers use the terms Pteropodiformes and Vespertilioniformes. Under this new proposed nomenclature, Vespertilioniformes is the suborder that would replace Yangochiroptera.
Suborder Yangochiroptera (Vespertilioniformes)
- Family Emballonuridae (Sac-winged bats)
- Family Furipteridae (Smoky bats)
- Family Molossidae (Free-tailed bats)
- Family Mormoopidae (Ghost-faced bats)
- Family Mystacinidae (New Zealand short-tailed bats)
- Family Myzopodidae (Sucker-footed bats)
- Family Natalidae (Funnel-eared bats)
- Family Noctilionidae (Bulldog bats)
- Family Nycteridae (Hollow-faced bats)
- Family Phyllostomidae (Leaf-nosed bats)
- Family Thyropteridae (Disk-winged bats)
- Family Vespertilionidae (Vesper bats)
- "Order Chiroptera bats". animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu. Retrieved 2007-12-30.
- James M. Hutcheon and John A.W. Kirsch. "A moveable face: deconstructing the Microchiroptera and a new classification of extant bats". doi:10.3161/1733-5329(2006)8%5B1:AMFDTM%5D2.0.CO;2.
- Eick et al.; Jacobs, DS; Matthee, CA (2005). "A Nuclear DNA Phylogenetic Perspective on the Evolution of Echolocation and Historical Biogeography of Extant Bats (Chiroptera)". Molecular Biology and Evolution 22 (9): 1869. doi:10.1093/molbev/msi180. PMID 15930153. "Following the recommendations of Hutcheon and Kirsch (2004), we refer to the two suborders of chiropterans as ‘Pteropodiformes’ (comprising the Pteropodidae, Rhinolophidae, Hipposideridae, Megadermatidae, and Rhinopomatidae) and ‘Vespertilioniformes’ (remaining microbat families)."
Teeling, E.C., M.S. Springer, O. Madsen, P. Bates, S.J. O’Brien, and W.J. Murphy. 2005. A Molecular Phylogeny for Bats Illuminates Biogeography and the Fossil Record. Science 307: 580-584.
Teeling, E.C., M. Scally, D.J. Kao, M.L. Romagnoli, M.S. Springer, and M.J. Stanhope. 2000. Molecular evidence regarding the origin of echolocation and flight in bats. Nature 403: 188-192.