Yangon General Hospital

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Yangon General Hospital
General Hospital, Yangon.jpg
Geography
Location Lanmadaw 11131, Yangon, Yangon Region, Myanmar
Organisation
Hospital type Teaching
Affiliated university University of Medicine 1, Yangon
Services
Emergency department Yes
Beds 1500[1]
History
Founded 1899[1]
Designations

The Yangon General Hospital (YGH) (Burmese: ရန်ကုန် ပြည်သူ့ ဆေးရုံကြီး) is a major public hospital in Yangon, Myanmar. Located in a 14 hectares (35 acres) compound, the 1,500-bed hospital consists of three Medical Wards, three surgical wards, one trauma and orthopaedic ward, and 24 specialist departments for inpatient care. The hospital also runs an ER for general medicine, general surgery and traumatology.[1][2] The hospital has a staff of about 300 doctors and over 400 nurses.[1]

YGH, known for its Victorian-style architecture, with red brick and yellow-painted trimmings, is also the Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital of University of Medicine 1, Yangon, the Yangon Institute of Nursing, and the University of Paramedical Science, Yangon.[1]

YGH like all other civilian hospitals in Myanmar lacks many of the basic facilities and equipment. Although public health care is nominally free, in reality, patients have to pay for medicine and treatment. One important advantage of YGH does have over hospitals in rural areas is the superior quality of its medical staff since it is the main teaching hospital of the country's premier medical school. The hospital mainly serves the masses who cannot afford to attend private hospitals in Yangon or go abroad for "medical tourism".

History[edit]

The newly constructed General Hospital in the early 1900s

The Yangon General Hospital was established in 1899 as the Rangoon General Hospital (RGH) with a capacity of 342 beds during the British colonial era. The 3-story Victorian-style main building was opened on 6 May 1905. After World War II, the hospital underwent renovations and had a capacity of 546 beds. In 1964, new specialist wards were added, and the capacity was increased to 1500 beds.[1]

The building was a major massacre site during the 8888 Uprising, in which injured patients, assumed to have taken part in the anti-government protests, were killed by the Tatmadaw. The hospital is closed to tourists. The hospital was also the site of Aung San Suu Kyi's first public speech, on 24 August 1988. Today the building is listed on the Yangon City Heritage List.

Departments[edit]

YGH maintains 24 specialist departments and five diagnostic departments.[3]

Specialist departments[edit]

  • Cardiac Medical Department
  • Cardiac Surgical Department
  • Chest Medical Department
  • Thoracic Surgical Department
  • Neuro-Medical Department
  • Neuro-Surgical Department
  • Gastrointestinal Department
  • Hepatology Department
  • Haematology Departnment
  • Plastic Maxillo Facial & Oral Surgery
  • Radiotherapy Department
  • Nuclear Medicine Departmenrt
  • Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
  • Dermatology Department
  • Renal Medical Department
  • Critical Care Unit
  • Special Skin Clinic
  • Diabetic Clinic & Endocrine Clinic
  • Dentistry Clinic
  • Psychiatric Medicine
  • Acute Burn Care Unit
  • Epilepsy Unit
  • Tetanus & Rabies Ward
  • Pain Treatment Center

Diagnostics departments[edit]

  • Radiology Department
  • Pathology Department
  • Cardiac Cath Lab
  • CT Scan
  • EEG (Neuro)

Auxiliary departments[edit]

  • Forensic Medicine Department
  • Central National Blood Bank
  • Medical Record Department
  • Bio-Medical Engineering Department
  • Kitchen
  • Laundry
  • Motor Transport

Teaching programs[edit]

YGH is the main teaching hospital of the University of Medicine 1, Yangon. It also trains nursing and paramedic trainees from the Yangon Institute of Nursing and the University of Paramedical Science, Yangon.[4]

Undergraduate[edit]

Diploma[edit]

  • Dip.Med.Sc.
    • TB & Chest Medical
    • Nuclear Medicine
    • General Partition

Graduate[edit]

  • M.Med.Sc. degree
    • Pathology
    • Medical Jurisprudence
    • Orthopaedic
    • Anaesthesia
    • X-ray
    • Physical Medicine
    • Dermatology
    • Radiotherapy
    • Oncology
    • Hospital Administration & Health Management
    • Medicine
    • Surgery

Doctorate[edit]

  • Dr.Med.Sc. degree
    • General Medicine
    • General Surgery
    • Orthopaedic
    • Cardiac Medicine
    • Cardiac Surgery
    • Chest Medical
    • Chest Surgery
    • Neuro Medical
    • Neuro Surgical
    • Renal Medicine
    • GI Medicine
    • Hepatology
    • Haematology
    • Anaesthesia
    • X-ray
    • Maxillo-facial Surgery

Others[edit]

  • Nursing Training
  • Paramedical Sciences (Radiology, Physiotherapy, Lab Technicians)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Yangon General Hospital". Yangon City Development Committee. Retrieved 2009-01-02. 
  2. ^ "Yangon General Hospital". Surgical Implant Generation Network. Retrieved 2009-01-02. 
  3. ^ "YGH Departments". Yangon City Development Committee. Retrieved 2009-01-02. 
  4. ^ "Teaching Programs at YGH". Yangon City Development Committee. Retrieved 2009-01-02. 

Coordinates: 16°46′45.08″N 96°8′58.56″E / 16.7791889°N 96.1496000°E / 16.7791889; 96.1496000