Location within Shanghai
|• District Governor||Xinming Jin (Chinese Communist Party)|
|• Total||60.61 km2 (23.40 sq mi)|
|• Density||22,000/km2 (56,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard Time (UTC+8)|
Yangpu District (Chinese: t 楊浦區, s 杨浦区, p Yángpǔqū; Shanghainese: Yan1-pʰu2-chiu1, lit. "Poplar Bank") is one of the 19 districts in Shanghai. It is located in the northeast of Shanghai, bordering the Huangpu River on the east and south, Hongkou District on the west and Baoshan District in the north. The southern part of Yangpu District is only 4 km (2.5 mi) away from the Bund, a major tourist attraction. It is predominantly composed of residential communities, with a total area of 60.61 km2 (23.40 sq mi) and a population of 1.313 million as of 2010. The whole district is divided administratively into 11 resident subdistricts and 1 town.
As with most of modern Shanghai, the territory of Yangpu has been formed by sediments deposited by the Yangtze River over many centuries. It was probably in the shallows of the East China Sea as late as the late Tang Dynasty. During the Northern Song the Wuyu River (吴淤江) entered the sea somewhere around modern Wujiaochang (五角场). Daoist and Buddhist temples are known to have been established in the vicinity around this time. In 1404 the Huangpu River shifted to its present course, entering the Yangtze River around Wusong. Toward the end of the Ming Dynasty villages along the river flourished, engaging in agriculture, banking, textiles and water-bourne trade.
In 1842 the Treaty of Nanking saw the opening of Shanghai as a treaty port. In 1899, 10.89 km2 (4.20 sq mi) of what is now the south of modern Yangpu District was partitioned to become part of the International Settlement. Factories were constructed soon after in the area, especially along Yangshupu Road. Textile, papermaking and shipbuilding industries were established by the early 20th century. In 1929, the Wujiaochang farmers' market ("Pentagon Plaza") was constructed in the north. Later, during the Japanese occupation from 1937 to 1945, barracks and houses were built in the area. In December 1944, Yangshupu District was established with an area of 7.7 km2 (3.0 sq mi).
Its name was changed to Yangpu in 1949 and its area increased progressively afterwards. Over the next few decades, a number of neighbouring districts were abolished and annexed by Yangpu. During this time heavy industries became a characteristic part of Yangpu. The present territory of Yangpu District was formed after the incorporation of Wujiaochang District (then of Baoshan county) in 1984. In 1993 territories east of the Huangpu River were designated part of the Pudong New District.
After entering the new century, Yangpu District has achieved magnificent transformation from "industrial Yangpu" to "knowledge" of Yangpu urban area, is a region's largest, also has 15.5 kilometers of the Changbai gold Bin River line city center, strong economic strength. Yangpu is home to one of Shanghai's four largest city deputy center, ten large commercial center of Jiangwan Wujiaochang; Shanghai third generation of international community in New Jiangwan City; output value of huge ring Tongji knowledge economic circle; and east the Bund Dalian Road headquarters research concentrated the world 500 strong collection.
Yangpu District is connected to the neighbouring Pudong New Area across the Huangpu River by one bridge, three tunnels, and six ferry lines. These include the Yangpu Bridge, the Xiangyin Road Tunnel, the Dalian Road Tunnel, and the Jungong Road Tunnel. A fourth tunnel, the Yinhang Road Tunnel is currently under construction.
The Inner Ring Road and Middle Ring Road traverse through Yangpu District.
Lines 3, 4, 8 and 10 of the Shanghai Metro serve Yangpu district.
The industrial wharves along the Huangpu which service the industrial centres of Yangpu are being phased out by residential developments on the waterfront.
Subdistricts and town
Subdistricts: Dinghai Road Subdistrict (定海路街道), Daqiao Subdistrict (大桥街道), Pingliang Road Subdistrict (平凉路街道), Jiangpu Road Subdistrict (江浦路街道), Kongjiang Subdistrict (控江路街道), Yinhang Subdistrict (殷行街道), Changbai New Village Subdistrict (长白新村街道), Yanji New Village Subdistrict (延吉新村街道), Wujiaochang Subdistrict (五角场街道), Siping Road Subdistrict (四平路街道), Xinjiangwancheng Subdistrict (新江湾城街道).
Town: Wujiaochang Town (五角场镇).
- Shanghai Yangpu. "District Governor". Shanghai Yangpu Government. Retrieved 2001-07-29.
- Shanghai Yangpu. "Geographical Location". Shanghai Yangpu Government. Retrieved 2011-07-29.
- 上海市杨浦区人民政府主办. "上海市杨浦区2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报". 上海市杨浦区人民政府主办. Retrieved 2011-07-29. (Chinese)
- "杨浦区-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org" (in Simplified Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2012-05-24.