Yanko Sakazov

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Portrait of Yanko Sakazov. Source: Bulgarian Archives State Agency
In his homeyard, 1939. Source: Bulgarian Archives State Agency

Yanko Ivanov Sakazov (Bulgarian: Янко Иванов Сакъзов; 24 September 1860 – 2 February 1941[1][2]) was a Bulgarian socialist politician.

A native of the northeastern city of Shumen, Sakazov went abroad for studies during his youth, studying in Western Europe and Russia. He was a student of natural sciences, philosophy and history in Germany, biology in England and literature and art criticism in France.[1] After his return to Bulgaria, he was one of the founders of the Social Democratic Union in Bulgaria in 1892.[2]

Sakazov edited the Shumen-based publication Den ('Day') between 1891 and 1896.[3]

Sakazov was one of two candidates of the Bulgarian Social Democratic Workers' Party elected to the National Assembly in the 1894 election (the other being Gabrovski).[4] Sakazov represented the rural constituency Novi Pazar. Sakazov and Gabrovski were the two first socialist parliamentarians in the history of Bulgaria.[4] Sakazov became a parliamentarian again in 1911, and as the sole socialist deputy in the National Assembly he voted against increased military spending in 1912.[5]

In 1900 Sakazov founded the publication Obshto delo ('Common Action'), around which the moderate faction of the party rallied. Sakazov's followers became known as 'Broad Socialists'. In 1903 the party was divided into two, with Sakazov's faction forming the Bulgarian Social Democratic Workers Party (Broad Socialists).[6][7]

Sakazov served as Minister for Trade, Industry and Labour between 1918 and 1919.[2]

Sakazov was the representative of the Bulgarian Broad Socialists in the Executive of the Labour and Socialist International from 1923 to 1940 (the entire period of existence of the international). Until August 1925 Sakazov's seat was shared with the Yugoslav socialist leader Živko Topalović.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Бакалов, Георги; Милен Куманов (2003). "Странски, Георги Иванов (1847–4.I.1904)". Електронно издание "История на България" (in Bulgarian). София: Труд, Сирма. ISBN 954528613X. 
  2. ^ a b c Heumos, Peter. Europäischer Sozialismus im Kalten Krieg: Briefe und Berichte 1944 - 1948. Frankfurt/Main [u.a.]: Campus-Verl, 2004. p. 55
  3. ^ Linden, Marcel van der, and Jürgen Rojahn. The Formation of Labour Movements, 1870-1914: An International Perspective. Contributions to the history of labour and society, v. 2. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1990. p. 418
  4. ^ a b Linden, Marcel van der, and Jürgen Rojahn. The Formation of Labour Movements, 1870-1914: An International Perspective. Contributions to the history of labour and society, v. 2. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1990. p. 414
  5. ^ Linden, Marcel van der, and Jürgen Rojahn. The Formation of Labour Movements, 1870-1914: An International Perspective. Contributions to the history of labour and society, v. 2. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1990. p. 416
  6. ^ Linden, Marcel van der, and Jürgen Rojahn. The Formation of Labour Movements, 1870-1914: An International Perspective. Contributions to the history of labour and society, v. 2. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1990. p. 406
  7. ^ Nation, R. C. War on war: Lenin, the Zimmerwald Left, and the origins of communist internationalism. Durham [u.a.]: Duke Univ. Pr, 1989. p. 12
  8. ^ Kowalski, Werner. Geschichte der sozialistischen arbeiter-internationale: 1923 - 19. Berlin: Dt. Verl. d. Wissenschaften, 1985. p. 283

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