Yantra (river)

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For other uses, see Yantra (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 43°24′33″N 25°40′45″E / 43.40917°N 25.67917°E / 43.40917; 25.67917

Yantra (Янтра)
В.Търново-270.jpg
The Yantra running through Veliko Tarnovo
Origin Central Stara Planina, Bulgaria
Mouth Danube, close to Svishtov
Basin countries Bulgaria
Length 285 km
Source elevation 1,340 m
Basin area 7,862 km²

The Yàntra (Bulgarian: Янтра) is a river in northern Bulgaria, a right tributary of the Danube. It is 285 km long (the third longest Bulgarian tributary of the Danube) and has a watershed of 7,862 km².

The Yantra near Tsenovo, not far from its mouth

The Yantra has its source from the northern foot of Hadzhi Dimitar Peak in Central Stara Planina, at 1,340 m. In its upper course, it is often called Etar (Етър), its older name. The river flows into the Danube close to Svishtov.

A special feature of the river are the many gorges it forms by crossing the Forebalkan area, the largest one being close to Veliko Tarnovo, 7 km in length, albeit actually two times longer due to the river's many turns.

Major cities on the river are Gabrovo, Veliko Tarnovo, Gorna Oryahovitsa, Polski Trambesh, and Byala, close to which is the famous bridge Belenski most over the Yantra.

Yantra (यन्त्र) is the Sanskrit word for "instrument" or "machine". Much like the word "instrument" itself, it can stand for symbols, processes, automata, machinery or anything that has structure and organization, depending on context.

Honour[edit]

Yantra Cove in Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Yantra River.