Yapen

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Yapen.JPG
Yapen
Schouten Islands (IN) Topography.png
Geography
Location Melanesia; South East Asia
Coordinates 1°50′S 136°10′E / 1.833°S 136.167°E / -1.833; 136.167
Archipelago Schouten Islands
Highest elevation 1,496 m (4,908 ft)
Country
Province Papua
Location of Yapen island in Cenderawasih Bay

Yapen (also Japen, Jobi)[1] is an island of western New Guinea, Indonesia. The Yapen Strait separates Yapen and the Biak Islands to the north. It is in Cenderawasih Bay off the north-western coast of the island of New Guinea. To the west is Mios Num Island across the Mios Num Strait, and to the east Kurudu Island. The southeast are the Amboi Islands and the southwest are the Kuran Islands. It is populated with communities of Yobi, Randowaya, Serui, and Ansus. Its highest point is 1,496 m.

First recorded sighting by Europeans is by Spanish navigator Álvaro de Saavedra in 1528 when trying to return from Tidore to New Spain. It was then charted as Isla de Oro (Golden Island in Spanish). In 1545 it was visited by Íñigo Órtiz de Retes on board of galleon San Juan.[2]

Ecology[edit]

The island has been designated the World Wildlife Fund Japen rain forests ecoregion for its unique bird life and flora. Two protected areas cover a third of the island, whose population is growing with subsequent clearance of forest for planting and firewood.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of expeditions in Papua Indonesia". The Papua Insects Foundation. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  2. ^ Coello, Francisco "Conflicto hispano-alemán" Boletín de Sociedad Geográfica de Madrid, t.XIX. 2º semestre 1885, Madrid, p.234,239,309,310,315,319
  3. ^ http://worldwildlife.org/ecoregions/aa0108